Determinants of Adoption of Improved Maize Varieties for Male Headed and Female Headed Households in West Harerghe Zone, Ethiopia
International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume 1, Issue 4, August 2013, Pages: 33-38
Published: Aug. 20, 2013
Views 3036 Downloads 314
Yenealem Kassa, Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia
Ranjan S. Kakrippai, Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia
Belaineh Legesse, Department of Agricultural Economics, Haramaya University, Ethiopia
Follow on us
This paper examined gender disparities in adoption of improved maize varieties between male headed and female headed households in Kuni district of West Harerghe zone, Ethipia. The study was based on cross-sectional data collected from a total of 148 respondents (115 were female headed and 33 were male-headed), using pre-tested structured interview schedule. The binary logit model results revealed that the adoption of improved maize variety is biased by gender, where FHH adopt the improved varieties less. Number of livestock units, extension services and cultivated land size had a significant and positive influence on the adoption decision of improved maize varieties, whereas age and distance to input market had a significant and negative influence on the adoption decision for MHH. Cultivated land size and distance to input market did not significantly affect the adoption of improved maize varieties for FHH, mainly due to less access of female heads to resources and services. Therefore, policy should address gender disparities in access to resources and extension services that exist because of socio-cultural and institutional factors limiting the adoption of technologies for FHH. In general, gender sensitive participatory technology development; improved literacy rate, efficient inputs delivery systems, and access to technical advice and market are essential to accelerate agricultural development through technology adoption.
Gender Disparities, Adoption, Improved Maize Verities, Household Characteristics
To cite this article
Ranjan S. Kakrippai,
Determinants of Adoption of Improved Maize Varieties for Male Headed and Female Headed Households in West Harerghe Zone, Ethiopia, International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.
Vol. 1, No. 4,
2013, pp. 33-38.
Lenesil Asfaw, 1996. Gender Training Workshop Handout and Reader. Integrated Forest Management Project. Dodola, Ethiopia. 71p.
Yeshi Chiche, 2002.Comparative Analysis of Gender Related Farm Households in the Arsi- Negele Farming Zone, Ethiopia, 70p.
World Bank, 2000b.Voices of the Poor: Can Any One Hear Us? Deepa Narayan, Raj Pate Kai Schafft, Anne Rademacher and Sarah Koch-Schulte (eds). Washington, DC. 101p
Addis Tiruneh, 2000. The Missing Link Between Micro and Macro Level Gender Dis-aggregated Economic Data in Economic Policy Formulation and Planning in Ethiopia. WID/Department of Economics, Unpublished Paper, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia. 62p.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 1985. Women in a world perspective, France.23p.
Food and agricultural organization (FAO), 1998. Rural Women and Food Security. Current Situation and Perspectives, United Nations.137 pp.
Tiruwork Tizazu. 1998. Access to Resources and Productivity of Female-headed Households: The Case of East Gojjam and North Shoa, MA Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Legesse Dadi, 1992. Analysis of Factors Influencing Adoption and the Impact of Wheat and Maize Technologies in Aris Nagele, Ethiopia. An M.Sc. Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Alemaya University. 127p.
Central Statistical Authority (CSA). (2003), "Ethiopia Statistical Abstract 2000", Ethiopia.
Gujarati, D.N. (2003), "Basic Econometrics", 4th Edition., New York, McGraw-Hill.
Maddala, G.S, 1983. Limited Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 401pp.