Trade Policy as Well as Non Trade Policy Reforms and Export Performance of Agricultural Commodities: An Empirical View of Developing Countries
International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 65-68
Received: Jul. 17, 2015;
Accepted: Jul. 28, 2015;
Published: Aug. 6, 2015
Views 3605 Downloads 121
Tomson Odongo, Department of Finance, Makerere University Business School, Kampala, Uganda
This paper reviews relevant literatures to provide an empirical view on the role of trade policy as well as non trade policy reforms on export performance of agricultural commodities from developing countries during the 1990s and the subsequent years. The study discovered that trade policy reforms introduced to developing countries during the 1990 are central in determining output and consequently export performance of agricultural commodities. The study recommends for promotion of trade policy reforms within agricultural sector in developing countries in order to promote export performance of agricultural commodities.
Trade Policy as Well as Non Trade Policy Reforms and Export Performance of Agricultural Commodities: An Empirical View of Developing Countries, International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 65-68.
Ashfaq M., Sheikh A.D. and Akmal N., (2010). Impact of Trade Liberalization on Agriculture in Pakistan ; Journal of Agriculture 2010 48(10).
Baffes J., (2002).Tanzania’s cotton sector’s constraint and challenges in a Global Environment, Published by World Bank ABNB000654VCY.
Behar A. and Lawrence E., (2004). Estimating elasticity of demand and supply for South Africa manufactured exports using Vector Error Correction Mechanism
Berges A. R., (2007). Trade Liberalization and Market Access: Analyzing Dominican Export Performance during Twentieth Century. Working Paper No. 61 St. Anthony College.
Fugazza, (2004). Overview of Export Performance of New Europe.
Gbetnkom D. and Khan S., (2002). Determinants of Agricultural Exports: The case of Cameroon (AERC Research Paper 120).
Goreux L. and Macrae J., (2003). Reforming the Cotton Sector in Sub- Sahara Africa (SSA). African Region Series Working paper No. 047.
Greenaway D., Wyn M. and Wright P., (2002). Trade Liberalization and Growth in Developing Countries. Journal of Development Economics Volume 67(2002) pages 229 to 244.
Imad E., Elfadil A., Karim Y. and Izdihar A., (2007). The Impact of Domestic and Trade Policies on Sudan’s Agricultural Export Earnings.
Kihangire D. and Apaa O., (2007). Agricultural and supply response in Uganda: An examination of aggregate, Traditional and Non Traditional Export Crops. Bank of Uganda Working Paper /07/08.
Kusi N. K., (2002). Trade Liberalization and South Africa’s Export Performance. Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies (TIPS) 2002 Annual Forum.
Lawrence E. and Phil A., (2005). South African Exports Performance: Determinants of Exports Supply. Africa region working paper series No. 95.
Mold A. and Pizzon A., (2008). Explaining Africa’s Recent Export Performance and Limited Gains from the Commodity Boom.
Munoz S., (2006). Zimbabwe’s Export performance: The impact of the parallel market and Governance factor - International Monetary Fund (IMF) WP/06/28.
Mwase N., (1998). Economic Liberalization and Privatization of Agricultural Marketing and input supply in Tanzania: A case study of Cashew nuts. African Economics Research Consortium 1998.
Pineiro V., (2006). The impact of Trade Liberalization and Policy Liberalization on Argentina’s agricultural sector: Technology adoption in a Dynamic Model. A PhD Dissertation, University of Maryland (College Park, Md.).
Prasad S., (2000). Determinants of Exports in Fiji. Working Paper 2000/04 Economics Department Reserve Bank of Fiji.
Prina S., (2007). Agricultural Trade liberalization in Mexico: Impact on boarder prices and Farmers’ Income. Journal Article.
Redding S. and Venables A., (2003). Geography and Export Performance – External Market Access and Internal Supply Capacity. CEPR; Discussion paper 3807.
Santos-Paulino A., (2000). Trade Liberalization and Exports Performance in Selected Developing Countries. University of Kent June 2000. Available at ftp://ftp.ukc.ac.uk/pub/ejr/RePEc/ukc/ukcedp/ 0012.pdf.
Santos-Paulino A., (2003). Trade Liberalization and Export Performance in the Dominican Republic. University of Kent June 2003.
Sharma K. L., ((2006). High Value Agricultural Products of the Fiji Island Performance and Prospects. The University of the South Pacific- Suva Fiji Island.
Ssemogerere G.N. and Kasekende L.A., (1994). Constraint to Development and Diversification of nontraditional exports in Uganda, 1981-1990. African Economic Research Consortium. pp 47- 48.
Thirlwall A. P., (2000). Trade Liberalization and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence, African Development Review. ECONOMIC RESEARCH PAPERS NO 63 Copyright © 2000, The African Development Bank 01 B.P. 1387 Abidjan 01 Côte d’Ivoire. Available at www.afdb.org/fileadmin uploads/afdb/.../00157660-FR-ERP-63.PDF.
Thirlwall A. P., (2004). Trade, the Balance of Payments and Exchange Rate Policy in Developing Countries, 26th May. Edward Elgar Pub. ISBN 10 1843768488/1-84376-848-8. Available at: www.e-elgar.co.uk/bookentry_main.lasso?id=2957.
Wu F., (2003). Foreign Direct Investment to China and Southern Asia: Has Asia been losing out? A journal of Asian Business.