Farmers’ Willingness to Participate in Small-Scale Farmland Water Conservation Construction in China
International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 54-62
Received: Mar. 13, 2017; Published: Mar. 15, 2017
Views 1371      Downloads 95
Fang Luo, School of Commerce, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang, China
Fangmin Sun, School of Commerce, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang, China
Dan Xu, School of Commerce, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang, China
Caihong Sun, School of Commerce, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang, China
Qing Wang, School of Commerce, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Small-scale farmland water conservation facilities are “the last mile” of irrigation works, and determine whether the large- and medium-scale water conservation projects financed by the government will provide the most value and maximum efficiency. Farmers play a primary role in the construction of small-scale farmland water conservation, while the government’s role is only to encourage and subsidize such projects. Farmers’ willingness to participate determines their behavior. This paper, firstly, uses a utility function for goods and water conservation facilities to solve the farmers’ optimization problem. It puts forward six theoretical propositions about farmers’ willingness to invest in small-scale farmland water conservation. Secondly, based on survey data in Hubei Province, China, the Heckman Two-step Model is used to analyze the factors affecting farmers’ willingness to participate in construction of small-scale irrigation systems and the factors affecting the amount of investment that participants are willing to undertake.
Heckman Two-Step Model, Small-Scale Farmland Water Conservation, Farmers
To cite this article
Fang Luo, Fangmin Sun, Dan Xu, Caihong Sun, Qing Wang, Farmers’ Willingness to Participate in Small-Scale Farmland Water Conservation Construction in China, International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 54-62. doi: 10.11648/j.ijebo.20170502.12
National Bureau of Statistics of China, China statistical abstract 2015. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2016.
S. Jia, S. Lin, and A. Lv, “Will China’s water shortage shake the world’s food security?” Water International, 2010, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 6-17.
X. Luo, “A study on the policy changes in farmland water conservation in the new China,” Exploration and Discussion, 2011, no. 8, pp. 43-46. (in Chinese).
X. He and L. Guo, “Farmland water conservation and its cost and benefit analysis,” Management World, 2010, no. 7, pp. 86-97. (in Chinese).
X. Hu, “Research on farmers’ willingness to participate in small-scale scale irrigation systems management and maintenance,” Yangling: North West Agriculture and Forestry University, 2013. (in Chinese).
F. J. Convery, “Reflections—Shaping water policy: What does economics have to offer,” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 2013, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 156-174.
J. Berbel and J. A. Gómez-Limón, “The impact of water-pricing policy in Spain: An analysis of three irrigated areas,” Agricultural Water Management, 2000, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 219-238.
F. A. Aregay, M. Zhao, and Z. M. Bhutta, “Irrigation water pricing policy for water demand and environmental management: A case study in the Weihe River basin,” Water Policy, 2013, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 816-829.
F. Bartolini, V. Gallerani, M. Raggi, and D. Viaggi, “Water management and irrigated agriculture in Italy: Multicriteria analysis of alternative policy scenarios,” Water Policy, 2010, vol.12, no. 1, pp. 135-147.
M. W. Rosegrant and C. Ringler, “Impact on food security and rural development of transferring water out of agriculture,” Water Policy, 2000, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 657-586.
E. Ostrom, “Collective action and the evolution of social norms,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2000, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 137-158.
P. Bardhan, “Analytics of the institutions of informal cooperation in rural development,” World Development, 1993, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 633-639.
A. Sarker and T. Itoh, “Design principles in long-enduring institutions of Japanese irrigation common-pool resources,” Agricultural Water Management, 2001, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 89-102.
L. R. Brown and B. Halweil, “China’s water shortage could shake world food security,” World Watch, 1998, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 10-21.
Q. Huang, D. Dawe, S. Rozelle, et al, “Irrigation, poverty and inequality in rural China,” Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2005, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 159-175.
E. Ostrom, Crafting institutions for self-governing irrigation systems, San Francisco: Institute for Contemporary Studies Press, 1992.
M. S. Gheblawi, Estimating the value of stochastic irrigation water deliveries in Southern Alberta: A discrete sequential stochastic programming approach, Edmonton: University of Alberta, 2004.
J. A. van Ast and S. P. Boot, “Participation in European water policy,” Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 2003, vol. 28, no. 12-13, pp. 555-562.
R. Meinzen-Dick, “Groundwater markets in Pakistan: Participation and productivity,” Research Report 105. IFPRI, Washington D C, 1996.
X. Kong and B. Shi, “Analysis of factors affecting farmers’ willingness to participate in WUAs,” Chinese Rural Economy, 2008, no.10, pp. 22-33. (in Chinese).
H.Xu and X. Huang, “A study on land use policy and farmers’ willingness to participate in the management of saline-alkaline land farmland irrigation,” China Demographics, Resources and Environment, 2014, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 154-160. (in Chinese).
H. Liu and S. Chen, “Empirical analysis of factors affecting farmers’ willingness to participate in small-scale farmland water conservation construction,” Chinese Rural Survey, 2012, no. 2, pp. 54-66. (in Chinese).
J. J. Heckman, “Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error,” Econometrica, 1979, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 153-161.
W. H. Greene, Econometric analysis, 5th ed., Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 2003.
J. M. Wooldridge, Introductory econometrics: A modern approach, 5th ed., Toronto: Cengage Learning, 2013.
K. Wang, C. Wang, and H. Yu, “A study on the mechanism of farmer participation in management and decisions in farmland water conservation projects,” Rural Economy, 2011, no. 9, pp. 92-95. (in Chinese).
Y. Tan and Y. Yuan, “Analysis of the effects of loyalty and wage of the insurance salesman,” Insurance Professional School Acta, 2013, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 28-34. (in Chinese).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186