Please enter verification code
Confirm
Coastal Tourism in Cox’s Bazar and its Socio-economic & Socio-cultural Impacts on Rakhaine Community, Bangladesh
International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 73-79
Received: Jun. 29, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 12, 2017; Published: Aug. 10, 2017
Views 1686      Downloads 116
Authors
AKM Shawkat Ali Khan, Department of Sociology, Govt. Edward College, Pabna, Bangladesh
Md Anwar Hussain, Department of Sociology, National University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Khondoker Mokaddem Hossain, Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Sonia Zybsin, Department of Home Economics, National University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md Nezamul Haque, Nutrition International Bangladesh, Cox’ Bazar Zone, Cox’ Bazar, Bangladesh
AK Obidul Huq, Department of Food Technology and Nutritional Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Tourism plays a significant role in national economy of a country. Bangladesh has abundant opportunity to coastal tourism which impacts on greater livelihood at diversified pathways. The aimed of this study was to observe the nature of coastal tourism in Cox’s Bazar Bay of Bengal and its impacts on the people of Rakhaine community who live adjacent to the offshore. Sample survey, in-depth interview and focus group discussion methods were applied to collect the quantitative and qualitative data. Due to the frequent visit by tourists, new avenues of scope and opportunities has been emerged in the Cox’s Bazar coastal area and some of the Rakhaine people were engaged themselves in new occupations leaving their traditional ones behind. A significant number of Rakhaine people were involved in tourism related hotel business, handicraft production, and small business which help them to maintain a better livelihood. However, it was also observed that the rapid growth of tourism has been created opportunities for the Rakhaine people due to their traditional dance, music and other festivals that are becoming more popular to the tourists. Besides tourism, an increase a little bit threat existence in Rakhaine’s culture. It was concluded that socio-cultural linkage created between tourist and Rakhaine culture, and due to improved communication, transportation and other means of information technology, coastal tourism connected them globally with positive socio-economic development.
Keywords
Tourism, Rakhaine Community, Livelihood, Bay of Bengal, Cox’s Bazar
To cite this article
AKM Shawkat Ali Khan, Md Anwar Hussain, Khondoker Mokaddem Hossain, Sonia Zybsin, Md Nezamul Haque, AK Obidul Huq, Coastal Tourism in Cox’s Bazar and its Socio-economic & Socio-cultural Impacts on Rakhaine Community, Bangladesh, International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 73-79. doi: 10.11648/j.ijebo.20170503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Wrammer, P., Fross, A., Johonsson, K., Heldi, P., Armaitiene, A. Povillanskas, R. et. al. 2005, Sustainable Tourism Module, Coaslearn, P. 4. Available at https://www.wttc.org/media/files/reports/ economic%20impact%20research/regions%202016/world2016.pdf (Accessed: 15.06.2015).
[2]
Mornno, A., Amelung, B. 2009. Climate change and coastal & marine tourism: review and analysis. Journal of Coastal Research, SI56 (Proceedings of the 10th International Coastal Symposium), 1140–1144, Lisbon, Portugal.
[3]
Andersson, J. E. C., 2007. The recreational cost of coral bleaching - A stated revealed preference study of international tourists. Ecological Economics, 62, 704-715.
[4]
Climate Change and Coastal & Marine Tourism: Review and Analysis. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228907917_Climate_Change_and_Coastal_Marine_Tourism_Review_and_Analysis (Accessed: Jun 29, 2017).
[5]
World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC): Annual report-2014: The Economic Impact of Travel and Tourism 2014.
[6]
Kale, K., Katherine, H., Weir, M. 1986. Marketing third world countries to the western traveler: The case of India, Journal of Travel research, 25 (2): 2-7.
[7]
Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation (BPC) Tourism Policy-Bangladesh Tourism Board (National Tourism Organization). Available at https://www.tourismboard.gov.bd (Accessed: June 29, 2017).
[8]
Khaleque, K, 1982. Social change among the Garo: a study of a plains village in Bangladesh. Australian national University, Available at https://openresearchrepository.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/11265 (Accessed: June 29, 2017).
[9]
Pannell Kerr Forster Associate's Report (1988), Strategic Master Plan for Tourism Bangladesh: Project Findings and Recommendations, Prepared for the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Sponsored by the WTO/UNDP, P 1-39.
[10]
World Travel Tourism Council. Available at http://www.wttc.org/media/files/reports/economic%20impact%20research/country%20reports/bangladesh2014.pdf (Accessed: 25th August 2015).
[11]
Hossain M. A. 1999. Marketing of Tourism Industry in Bangladesh. An Empirical Study of Performance and Strategies, PhD Thesis, University of Pune, India.
[12]
Hossain M. A. 2001. Marketing strategies of the Tourism Industry in Bangladesh. Dhaka University J of Marketing, 4: 79: 100.
[13]
Talukdar A. 2003 “Kuakata- The Natural Treasure- trove”, The Bangladesh Monitor (Fortnightly), Vol, 1. Issue No. 5, April 7, P. 7.
[14]
Tanbir Hossain, Mohammed Ziaul Haider. Sustainable Tourism Development in the South-West Region of Bangladesh. Hospitality & Tourism Management. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2016, pp. 30-35. doi: 10.11648/j.htm.20160103.12.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186