Strategic Suggestions to Make Renewable Energy Economically More Efficient
International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 29-37
Received: Apr. 25, 2018; Accepted: May 22, 2018; Published: Jun. 25, 2018
Views 1082      Downloads 107
Jamal Adghough, Department of Economics & Management, Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovakia
Article Tools
Follow on us
The term Energiewende (German for energy transition) is a call for the complete abandonment of conventional energies to stop the established climate change. This behavior is interminable and could be achieved only in successive steps. According to this, deployments of renewable energy technologies are considered as a critical approach to sustainable development. Obviously, the renewable energy use can lower a nation's dependency on imported fuels and purchase of energy from foreign markets. It also drives technological innovation and generates employment scheme while enhancing clean development mechanism. This paper presents existing renewable energy use by the example of the country of Morocco and makes use of simple economic approaches to show how technological development leads to improve the economic growth. Subsequently, possibilities are shown to make the use of renewable energies more efficient. The structure of the study is based on suggestions on how to implement innovative processes using renewable energy (solar and wind energy) to use the local resources to develop the economics of the country. The main characteristic of this paper is that it summarizes approaches for renewable energy use tailored for a case of Morocco and that this was not done in literature so far. The recent literature conducted similar case studies for other countries like, e.g., Germany [13], China [27], or for whole economic areas like the European Union, USA [30] or like the MENA-Region [29], and Africa [41], but for Morocco there is a gap in literature. Finally, some key interventions are proposed to achieve economic growth.
Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Alternative Use of Renewable Energy
To cite this article
Jamal Adghough, Strategic Suggestions to Make Renewable Energy Economically More Efficient, International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 29-37. doi: 10.11648/j.ijebo.20180602.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abdelkareem. (2017). Recent progress in the use of renewable energy sources to power water desalination plants”.
Aghion, P. H. (2009). The Economics of Growth. MIT Press. Cambridge, MA.
Alex Okibe Edeoja, A. K. (2017). Potentials of Solar Distillation Technologies for Provision of Portable Water for Makurdi Metropolis.
Al-Karaghouli A. A., K. L. (2008-2009). Renewable Energy Opportunities in Water Desalination.
Allan, G. H. (2007). The impact of increased efficiency in the industrial use of energy.
Apostolakis, B. E. (1990). Energy-capital substitutability/complementarity: the dichotomy.
Barnes, D. F. (1996). Rural Energy in (Golden, 2008) Developing Countries: A Challenge for Economic Development.
Benmoussa, M. (04. Mai 2014). Le maroc face au defi energetique., S.
Benmoussa, M. M. (2014). Publication: 4th Mai 2014 Affichages: 2086. LesEco. ma.
Berlin, B. f. (2012). Die Energiewende in Deutschland. Mit sicherer, bezahlbarer und umweltschonender Energie ins Jahr 2050.
Berndt, E. R. (1990). Energy use, technical progress and productivity growth: a survey of economic issues.
Bhattacharya, M. (2016). The effect of renewable energy consumption on economic growth: Evidence from top 38 countries.
Blazejczaka, J. (2012). Economic effects of renewable energy expansion: A model-based analysis for Germany. Elsevier.
Bodell, B. R. (1968). Distillation of saline water using silicone rubber membrane.
Bretschger, L. (2005). Economics of technological change and the natural environment: how effective are innovations as a remedy for resource scarcity?
Brown, S. P. (2002). Energy Prices and Aggregate Economic Activity: An Interpretative Survey. Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance.
Clemens, D. (2017). KfW Research, Schwellenländer Check: Marokko – mit mehr Bildung zum Erfolg.
Cobb-Douglas. (1928). Production function
Commission, E. (1997). Communication from the Commission–Energy for the Future: Renewable Source of Energy-White Paper for Community Strategy Action Plan.
Dakkina, & Girardet. (2013;2015). 100% renewable energy: boosting development in morocco.
Darmstadter, J. D. (1979). How Industrial Societies Use Energy. PAPER; 2015.
E. Tzen, D. T. (2008). Autonomous reverse osmosis units driven by RE sources experiences and lessons learned, Desalination 221 (1) 29–36.
Flues-et-al. (2012). Energiepolitische Ziele, Dimensionen und Indikatoren.
G., S. (1902). Reinigung von Zuckersaften durch Electrodialyse und mit Ozon, Germ.
Golden, C. (2008). National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Greenston, M. (2014). ENERGY, GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT. IGC Evidence Paper.
Hancheng, D. (2016). The health benefits of developing renewable energy in China towards 2030.
IEAETSAP. (2012). Water Desalination Using Renewable Energy, No.
Kahia, M. (2017). Renewable and non-renewable energy use - economic growth nexus: The case of MENA Net Oil Importing Countries.
Kelsey, N. (2018). Who wins in renewable energy? Evidence from Europe and the United States.
Lin, P. K. (2016). Can African countries efficiently build their economies on renewable energy?
M. M. Mekonnen, A. H. (2016). Four billion people facing severe water scarcity, Sci. Adv. 2 (2) 1–6.
Maroc, M. d. (2009). Rapport national relatif aux objectifs du millionaire pour le developpement, 2009 (version anglaise).
McKinsey & Company. (2017). How automakers can drive electrified vehicle sales and profitability. McKinsey.
Meissner, R. (2009). Global freshwater quantity, quality and distribution. Future challenges of providing high-quality water, Vol I Oxford, UK.
Menegaki, A. N. (2011). Growth and renewable energy in Europe: a random effect model with evidence for neutrality hypothesis.
Negewo, B. (2012). Renewable Energy Desalination: An Emerging Solution to Close the Water Gap in the Middle East and North Africa, World Bank Publications.
NinaKelsey. (2017). Renewable and non-renewable energy use - economic growth nexus: The case of MENA Net Oil Importing Countries.
OECD. (2013). Renewable Energies in the Middle East and North Africa. Policies To Support Private Investment. OECD Publishing: Paris.
Plichta, P. (2006). Benzin aus Sand, Second Edition. München, Herbig.
Presley, K. (2016). Can African countries efficiently build their economies on renewable energy?
Ramato Ashu Tufa; et al. (2018). Membrane technology in renewable-energy-driven desalination. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (S. Vol. 81, issue P1, 1-21). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.
Richter, T. (. (2012). Entwicklung und Struktur der Wirtschaft. In Naher Osten. Nachbarregion im Wandel; Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung.
Stern, D. I. (2010). The Role of Energy in Economic Growth, CCEP working paper 3.10, Centre for Climate Economics & Policy, Crawford School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, Canberra.
The Economist. (2015). Morocco expands its renewable energy goals. Economist,
Triebswetter, U. (2011). Kurz zum Klima: Erneuerbare Energien in Nordafrika und im Nahen Osten. ifo Schnelldienst 10/2011.
United Nations World Water Assessment Program, in R. Connor (Ed.). (2015). Water for a Sustainable World. Paris: UNESCO.
W. Xiao-jun, Z. J.-y.-h.-m. (2014). Catastrophe theory to assess water security and adaptation strategy in the context of environmental change.
World Future Council 100% renewable energy boosting development in Morocco WFC 2015-100. (2015).
WorldBank. (2016). Kingdom of Morocco Financial Inclusion: Technical Note. World Bank, Washington, DC.
WorldBank. (2017). Morocco’s Economic Outlook.
Z. (2003). Energy and Economie Development: An Assessment of the State of Knowledge.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186