Determinants of Rural Households Livelihood Diversification Strategies in Kuarit District, West Gojjam Zone of, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 61-68
Received: Nov. 10, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 7, 2018; Published: Jan. 2, 2019
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Melese Abawa Tizazu, Department of Agricultural Economics, Collage of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Jinka University, Jinka, Ethiopia
Getaneh Mihret Ayele, Department of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Bahir-Dar University, Bahir-Dar, Ethiopia
Gemechu Shale Ogato, Departments of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
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This study examined the existing livelihood strategies and its determinant in Kuarit District, West Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. The study used primary data collected from 144 sampled respondents using semi-structured household survey questionnaire, focus group discussion, key informant interview and personal observations. A Multistage sampling technique was used to select kuarit district, the study villages and sample respondents. Descriptive statistics results revealed that more than half of sampled respondents (57.6%) combine on-farm activity with other non-farm and off-farm activities. Inferential statistics results using ANOVA and Chi-square tests showed that there is significant mean difference between groups of livelihood strategies in terms of dependency ratio of the household, total annual income, distance from the nearest market, total livestock ownership of the household, access to credit service and educational statues of the household head. Multinomial logit model results showed that access to credit service, total annual income and total family size have positive effect on choices of livelihood diversification strategies; while market distance, age, total livestock holding and dependency ratio of the household head have negative effect on choices of livelihood diversification strategies. Thus, policymakers should give due attention and incorporate those negative and positive factors in planning rural development strategies and polices.
Livelihood Diversification Strategies, Multinomial Logit, Rural Households, Kuarit
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Melese Abawa Tizazu, Getaneh Mihret Ayele, Gemechu Shale Ogato, Determinants of Rural Households Livelihood Diversification Strategies in Kuarit District, West Gojjam Zone of, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 61-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ijebo.20180603.11
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