Determinants of Rural Households Livelihood Diversification Strategies in Kuarit District, West Gojjam Zone of, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 61-68
Received: Nov. 10, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 7, 2018; Published: Jan. 2, 2019
Views 745      Downloads 244
Melese Abawa Tizazu, Department of Agricultural Economics, Collage of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Jinka University, Jinka, Ethiopia
Getaneh Mihret Ayele, Department of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Bahir-Dar University, Bahir-Dar, Ethiopia
Gemechu Shale Ogato, Departments of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
This study examined the existing livelihood strategies and its determinant in Kuarit District, West Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. The study used primary data collected from 144 sampled respondents using semi-structured household survey questionnaire, focus group discussion, key informant interview and personal observations. A Multistage sampling technique was used to select kuarit district, the study villages and sample respondents. Descriptive statistics results revealed that more than half of sampled respondents (57.6%) combine on-farm activity with other non-farm and off-farm activities. Inferential statistics results using ANOVA and Chi-square tests showed that there is significant mean difference between groups of livelihood strategies in terms of dependency ratio of the household, total annual income, distance from the nearest market, total livestock ownership of the household, access to credit service and educational statues of the household head. Multinomial logit model results showed that access to credit service, total annual income and total family size have positive effect on choices of livelihood diversification strategies; while market distance, age, total livestock holding and dependency ratio of the household head have negative effect on choices of livelihood diversification strategies. Thus, policymakers should give due attention and incorporate those negative and positive factors in planning rural development strategies and polices.
Livelihood Diversification Strategies, Multinomial Logit, Rural Households, Kuarit
To cite this article
Melese Abawa Tizazu, Getaneh Mihret Ayele, Gemechu Shale Ogato, Determinants of Rural Households Livelihood Diversification Strategies in Kuarit District, West Gojjam Zone of, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 61-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ijebo.20180603.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ellis, F. (2000). The Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification in Developing Countries. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 51(2): 289-302. USA.
Khatun, D. and Roy, B. C. (2012). Rural Livelihood Diversification in West Bengal: Determinants and Constraints. 25(1):115-124. Thesis submitted to Visva-Bharati University, Sriniketan - 731 236, West Bengal.
CSA (Central Statistical Agency). (2015). The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Statistical Agency. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Catley et al., (2016), “USAID/Ethiopia Agriculture Knowledge, Learning, Documentation and Policy Project”. No. 663-13-000006: implemented by the Feinstein International Center, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University.
Abdulahi, A. (2017). “Food Security Situation in Ethiopia: A Review Study. International Journal of Health Economics and Policy”. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 86-96. doi: 10.11648/j.hep.20170203.11.
Emanuel, E. (2011). Rural Livelihood Diversification and Agricultural household welfare in Ghana. J. Develop. Agric. Econ. 3(7):325-334.
Anshiso, D., & Shiferaw, M. (2016). Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification: The Case of Rural Households in Lemmo District, Hadiyya Zone of Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 7(5), 32-39. retrieved from
Demissie A., & Legesse B. (2013). Determinants of income diversification among rural households: The case of smallholder farmers in Fedis district, Eastern Hararghe zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 5(3):120-128.
Eneyew A., & Bekele W. (2012). Determinants of Livelihood Strategies in Wolaita, Southern Ethiopia. A research journal on Agricultural Research and Reviews Vol. 1(5):153-161. Available on line at
Gecho, Y., Ayele, G., Lemma, T.,& Alemu, D.(2014). Rural Household Livelihood Strategies: Options and Determinants in the Case of Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Social Sciences. Vol. 3(3). pp. 92-104. doi: 10.11648/
Yizengaw, Y. S., Eric, N. O., & Byene, F. (2015). Determinants of livelihood diversification strategies: The case of smallholder rural farm households in Debre Elias Woreda, East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 10(19). PP. 1998-2013. Doi: 10.5897/AJAR2014.9192.
Temesgen, D. Tilahun, S. Yousuf, J. (2016). Analysis of Livelihood Strategy Determinates Among Different Wealth Categories of Rural Households: A Case from Amhara Region of Ethiopia. Journal on Developing Country Studies Vol.6, No.2, 2016. Available online at
Berlie, B. A. (2016). Non-Farm And Off-Farm activities in Achieving Livelihood Security in Amhara Region: Case study of Lay Gayint District. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences. Vol.1(2).
Kuarit District Office of Agriculture and Rural Development, (2014). Kuarit District Agriculture and Rural Development Office General Agricultural Activities Report.
Yamane, T. (1967). Statistics: An Introductory Analysis, 2nd Ed., New York: Harper and Row.
Warren, F. Kuhfeld. (2010). MR-2010G- Multinomial Logit Models.
Keane, M. P. (1992). A Note on Identification in the Multinomial Probit Model. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, Vol. 10, pp. 193-200.
Chan, Y. H. (2005). Basic statistics for doctors, multinomial logistic regression, Singapore.
Brown, D. R., Stephens, E. C., Ouma, J. O., Murithi, F. M., & Barrette, C.B. (2006). Livelihood Strategies in the Rural Kenyan Highland.
Greene, H. W. (2003). Econometric Analysis: Fourth Edition. New York University Macmillan Publishing Company.
Abdissa, N. (2011). Determinants of Rural Livelihood Strategies: The Case of Rural Kebeles of Dire Dawa Administration. MSc. Thesis Submited to the School of Gradute Studies, Haramaya University. Haramaya, Ethiopia.
Lemi, A. (2005). The Dynamics of Livelihood Diversification in Ethiopia Revisited: Evidence from Panel Data, Department of Economics University of Massachusetts, Boston.
Gagabo, T. (2014). Analyzing the determinants and the effects of income diversification in rural Ethiopia. International social science.
Negeri, B., & Demissie, G.(2017). Livelihood Diversification: Strategies, Determinants and Challenges for Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Communities of Bale Zone, Ethiopia. American Journal of Environmental and Geoscience, Vol.1, Issue 1, pp. 19-28.
Dessalegn, M., & Ashagrie, E. (2016). Determinants of Rural Household Livelihood Diversification Strategy in South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development: ISSN-2360-798X, Vol. 4(8): pp, 548-560.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186