Effect of Health Status on the Choice of the Volume of Working Hours in Cameroon
International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 57-63
Received: Jun. 11, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 28, 2020; Published: Jul. 13, 2020
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Tchoffo Yemeli Jonathan, Human Resource Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Yaounde II- Soa, Yaounde, Cameroon
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This article highlights the influence of health status on the choice of the volume of working hours in Cameroon based on data from the fourth Cameroonian Household Survey (ECAM IV) conducted by the National Institute of Cameroon Statistics during 2014. Health is measured by a subjective indicator of self-assessment of health status. The structure of the distribution of working hours by sector of employment led to the choice of a Tobit model. The results suggest that individuals in poor health (relative to those who are healthy) lose an average of 10.87 hours of work. The fact that health status is not a relevant variable in explaining the working hour’s choices of Cameroonians contrasts with the results of other studies which consider health status as an exogenous variable. This article shows that the higher the income from activities, the less time people spend in the labour market. This observation is more noticeable in paid employment, where we observe that the degree of negative influence of income generated by the activity is more significant, at the 1% threshold against a 10% threshold in self-employment. This result reflects the superiority of the substitution effect over the income effect.
Health Status, Volume of Working Hours, Cameroon, Tobit
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Tchoffo Yemeli Jonathan, Effect of Health Status on the Choice of the Volume of Working Hours in Cameroon, International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 57-63. doi: 10.11648/j.ijebo.20200803.12
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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