International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 672-677
Received: Dec. 16, 2015;
Accepted: Dec. 25, 2015;
Published: Jan. 4, 2016
Views 3654 Downloads 100
Danjuma Maijama’a, School of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Wuntin Dada Bauchi, Nigeria; School of Economics, Finance and Banking, College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, UUM Sintok, Kedah Malaysia
Shamzaeffa Samsudin, School of Economics, Finance and Banking, College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, UUM Sintok, Kedah Malaysia
Shazida Jan Mohd Khan, School of Economics, Finance and Banking, College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, UUM Sintok, Kedah Malaysia
Since its appearance over three decades ago, HIV/AIDS has become global pandemic and remain the most shocking disease humankind has ever faced. It causes more death than any other disease in sub–Saharan Africa (SSA) and worldwide, it is the fourth killer disease. The epidemic now is a major threat to macroeconomic growth and development, infecting people at their most productive age (15-49 years), and imposing hardship on households, communities, firms and eventually national economies. Considering the widely spread HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in SSA, a number of studies investigated the macroeconomic consequences of the epidemic, focusing mainly on per capita GDP or GDP growth rate as a measure of economic performance, with comparatively no or little research on GDP per person employ. In addition to dearth of research on the effect of health expenditure in reversing the epidemic, previous studies have failed to take the lag effect of the HIV/AIDS in to consideration in their estimation process. The association between HIV/AIDS and the macroeconomy is complex, with several studies reporting mix and conflicting results. This review aims to systematically synthesised research evidence on the effects of the epidemic on aggregate labour productivity, and assess whether health expenditure is effective in reversing the HIV/AIDS.
Shazida Jan Mohd Khan,
Macroeconomic Effects of HIV/AIDS: Protocol for a Systematic Review, International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 672-677.
Arndt, C., & Lewis, J. D. (2000). The macro implications of HIV/AIDS in South Africa: a preliminary assessment. South African Journal of Economics, 68, 381-92.
Bloom, D. E., & Mahal, A. S (1997). Does the AIDS epidemic threaten economic growth? Journal of Econometrics, 77, 105-24.
Bonnel, R. (2000). HIV/AIDS and economic growth: a global perspective. South African Journal of Economics, 68, 820-55.
Canadian Council on Learning. (2006). Measuring quality in post-secondary education. British Columbia Ministry of Advanced Education, http://www.ccl-cca.ca.
Coulibaly, I. (2003). The impact of HIV/AIDS on the labour force in Sub-Saharan Africa: A preliminary assessment. International Labour Organization, http://www.ilo.org.
Cuddington, J. T. (1993). Modelling the macroeconomic effects of AIDS, with an application to Tanzania. The World Bank Economic Review, 7(2), 173-89.
Cuddington, J. T., Hancock, J. D. (1994). Assessing the impact of AIDS on the growth path of the Malawian economy. Journal of Development Economics, 43, 363-8.
Dixon, S., McDonald, S., & Roberts, J. (2002). The impact of HIV and AIDS on Africa’s economic development. British Medical Journal, 324(7331), 232-4.
Haacker, M. (2011). Framing AIDS as an economic development challenge. Brown Journal of World Affairs, 17(11), 65-76.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS & World Health Organisation (2009). AIDS epidemic update 2009, http://www.unaids.org.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (2006). Global report: UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic 2006, http://www.unaids.org.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (2007). Global report: UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic 2007, http://www.unaids.org.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (2013). Global report: UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic 2013. http://www.unaids.org.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (2013). Global report: UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic 2013, http://www.unaids.org.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and World Health Organisation (2001). AIDS epidemic update 2001. Geneva, http://www.unaids.org.
Kambou G, Devarajan S, Over M (1992). The economic impact of AIDS in African country: Simulation with a computable general equilibrium model of Cameroon. Journal of African Economies, 11, 09-30.
Kanki, P. J., Hamel, D. J., Sankale, J. L., Hsieh, C. C., Thior, I., Barin, F., MBoup, S. (1999). Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 subtypes differ in disease progression. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 179, 68-73.
Lovasz, E., Schipp, B. (2009). Impact of HIV/AIDS on economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. South African Journal of Economics, 77(2), 245-56.
McDonald S, Robbers J (2006). AIDS and economic growth: A human capital approach. Journal of Development Economics, 80, 228-50.
Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., & Altman, D. G. (2009). PRISMA Group. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Med, 6: e1000097.
Moher, D., Shamseer, L., Clarke, M., Ghersi, D., Liberati, A., & Petticrew, M. (2015). Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement Systematic Review, 4: 1.
Naidu, V., & Harris, G. (2005). The impact of HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality on households. South African Journal of Economics, 73, 533-44.
Sanderson, S., Tatt, I. D., & Higgins, J. P. (2007). Tools for assessing quality and susceptibility to bias in observational studies in epidemiology: a systematic review and annotated bibliography. International journal of epidemiology, 36(3), 666-76.
Schneider, M., & Moodie, M. (2002). The destabilizing impact of HIV/AIDS. Center for strategic and international studies, http://www.csis.org/media.
Stroup, D. F., Berlin, J. A., Morton, S. C., Olkin, I., Williamson, G. D., Rennie, D. (2000). Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology: a proposal for reporting. JAMA, 283(15), 2008–12.
World Bank (2000). The development impact of HIV/AIDS: selected issues and options, Lesotho. World Bank Macroeconomic Technical Group. Report No. 21103.
World Bank (2011). The World Bank annual report 2011. Washington D.C. USA, http://www.worldbank.org.
World Bank (2014). World development indicators: Health systems 2014. Washington D.C. USA http://www.worldbank.
World Health Organization (1995). The current global situation of the HIV/AIDS epidemic 1995. Global Programme on AIDS, Geneva, http://www.who.
World Health Organization (2008). The current global situation of the HIV/AIDS epidemic 2008. Global Programme on AIDS, Geneva, http://www.who.
World Health Organization (2014). Global health observatory: tuberculosis and malaria 2014. Geneva, http://www.who.