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Effect of Firm Size on Corporate Borrowing of Oil and Gas Firms in Nigeria
International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 303-308
Received: Aug. 17, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 29, 2016; Published: Oct. 18, 2016
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Inyiama Oliver Ikechukwu, Department of Accountancy, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
Ubesie Cyril Madubuko, Department of Accountancy, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
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The purpose of the research was to investigate to what extent the size of a firm in Nigeria oil and gas industry affects the magnitude of external borrowings. The study went further to examine the relationship between firm size and financial leverage in the same industry; as well as the causal relationship among the variables under study. Simple regression model was formulated to guide the analysis. The analysis of the time series data reveals that financial leverage is significantly but negatively affected by firm size in the industry. This implies that as firms increase in total assets, the firms tend to play down on sourcing for fund through external borrowing. The outcome is in line with some previous studies and in accordance with the theoretical framework of the study. There is no causality running from either Firm Size to Financial Leverage or otherwise, at 2 years lagged period; which implies that Financial Leverage does not granger cause Firm Size and vice versa. A negative relationship was revealed between firm size and financial leverage; though very insignificant; which implies that firm size and financial leverage change/increase in opposite direction in oil and gas industry. Therefore, firms at growth age, with a growing asset base, will need external borrowing more than a firm at mature or declining age with huge asset base and accumulated retained earnings.
Leverage, Size, Oil, Gas, Regression, Correlation
To cite this article
Inyiama Oliver Ikechukwu, Ubesie Cyril Madubuko, Effect of Firm Size on Corporate Borrowing of Oil and Gas Firms in Nigeria, International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2016, pp. 303-308. doi: 10.11648/j.ijefm.20160405.21
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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