Deposit Performance Analysis: A Comparison of Conventional and Islamic Banks in Bangladesh
International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages: 165-173
Received: Jun. 9, 2018; Accepted: Jun. 26, 2018; Published: Jul. 23, 2018
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Tasneema Khan, Department of Banking and Insurance, Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Deposit is considered to be the most important source of a banks’ fund, which plays a significant role in running a banking industry. Existence and expansion of banks are mainly influenced by their ability to attract deposits from different segments of the society. Although every bank expects that flow of deposits will be sufficient and smooth, changes in economic and commercial activities make deposit management more challenging to the bank managers. As deposit is considered the life-blood of a bank, analyzing the deposit performance has become a key factor to evaluate a banks overall performance [10]. In banking industry of Bangladesh, Islamic banks are operating successfully besides other conventional banks. Although they are few in number in the industry, Islamic banks are performing well ahead in comparison with conventional banks in some respect [13]. Therefore, to evaluate the performance of both types of banking system, deposit performance has been taken as the basis of comparison. Though the deposit schemes of both types of banks are almost similar there are differences in techniques applied in the process of deposit mobilization by these two banking systems [1]. Therefore this study aims at measuring deposit performance of both types of banks in Bangladesh, comparing their position and identifying in which aspect Islamic banks are ahead of conventional banks and in which area conventional banks are performing better. For this purpose, all the Private Commercial Conventional Banks (PCCBs) and Islamic Banks (IBs) of Bangladesh have been studied for last 10 consecutive years ranging from 2007 to 2016. Using some variables like total deposit, segment wise deposit, categories of deposit, growth rates and productivity aspect, this study shows that PCCBs are ahead if total amount is measured but in terms of growth and productivity IBs show better performance. This can be considered as a very time proven and rational study since no other study concerned on such issue earlier in Bangladesh. These results would help both types of banks know their position in terms of deposit performance and thus also reflect the performance of banking sector as a whole since these two types of bank together constitute almost seventy percent of banking industry in Bangladesh.
Conventional Banks, Islamic Banks, Deposit
To cite this article
Tasneema Khan, Deposit Performance Analysis: A Comparison of Conventional and Islamic Banks in Bangladesh, International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 165-173. doi: 10.11648/j.ijefm.20180604.14
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