Access of Credit and Factors Affecting Loan Repayment Performance of Smallholders in Nekemte Town East Wollega Zone of Oromia Regional State
Journal of World Economic Research
Volume 8, Issue 2, December 2019, Pages: 40-48
Received: May 30, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 11, 2019; Published: Dec. 30, 2019
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Wakuma Dufera Tesgera, School of Business and Economics, Wollega University, East Wollega, Ethiopia
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This study is concerned with analysis of factors affecting loan repayment performance of smallholders in East Wollega zone Nekemte town. As credit is one of the most important factors required for smallholders input utilization, its repayment to the lender is also of paramount importance to have sustainable agricultural development and financial institutions. Different agricultural development programs and strategies were implemented in the country in the past three decades. Secondary data from relevant institutions were used just to highlight on different approaches used in different decades regarding agriculture and agricultural credit development strategies. In the course of this study primary data were collected from 120 randomly selected farm household borrowers of fertilizer credit using structured questionnaire. These respondents were drawn from six Peasant association and two Saving and Credit service in the study area. For the analysis of farm data, descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation and percentages were used to describe socio-economic characteristics of the respondents. Partial correlation coefficient and variance inflation factor (VIF) were calculated to detect multi-co linearity and association among the continuous and discrete variables, respectively. Then, a multivariate tool, linear discriminate analysis, was used to identify the most important variables attributed to discriminate between non-defaulters and defaulters of fertilizer credit for 2018 production season. The result of the analysis showed that the frequency of contact with development agents, livestock ownership in livestock unit and celebration of occasional ceremonies were statistically significant factors responsible for the optimum discrimination rule between the two groups. Another multivariate tool, multiple linear regression analysis, was used to identify critical variables that contributed to timely repayment of loan for non-defaulter respondents. Experience in own farm, experience in credit use, proportion of area under pea, beans and wheat production, annual farm revenue, number of draught oxen owned, ownership of livestock in livestock unit, number of contacts with development agents.
Loan, Factors of Loan Repayment, Smallholder Households
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Wakuma Dufera Tesgera, Access of Credit and Factors Affecting Loan Repayment Performance of Smallholders in Nekemte Town East Wollega Zone of Oromia Regional State, Journal of World Economic Research. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2019, pp. 40-48. doi: 10.11648/j.jwer.20190802.12
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