Theoretical Approach of Science, Technology and Innovation for Economic Growth in Mozambique
Science Journal of Business and Management
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 110-115
Received: May 4, 2017;
Published: May 4, 2017
Views 1577 Downloads 79
Isaque Manteiga Joaquim, School of Economics, Shandong University, Jinan City, China
This paper presentation reflects literature review and the theoretical approaches on the relevance of the interdependent dynamics of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) and their relationship to economic growth. The paper will do a review on literature of case studies and will aim to understand how the STI indicators have been applied or not applied in Mozambique for framing policy on economic planning purpose. Evolutionary theories like those of Schumpeter and others have complex and dynamic approaches which are conceptually attractive. In this paper we examine their respective virtues and limitations, and their visibility when connected with practical policy-making. In this context, the paper aims to examine the relative strengths and weaknesses of science and technology in the economy of Mozambique and analyze the policies identified to support the development of science, technology and innovation. This theoretical approach will also reflect on the relevance of the interdependent policy issues relating to the dynamics of science, technology and innovation and their relationship to economic growth.
Isaque Manteiga Joaquim,
Theoretical Approach of Science, Technology and Innovation for Economic Growth in Mozambique, Science Journal of Business and Management.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2017, pp. 110-115.
Castelo Branco, C. N. Oksana Mandlate, 2012. Da economia extractiva à diversificação da base produtiva: O que pode o parp utilizar da análise do modo de acumulação em moçambique? (http://www.iese.ac.mz/lib/publication/livros/des2012/IESE_Des2012_6.EconExt.pdf).
FAGERBERG, J. "Technology, Policy, Growth - Theory, Evidence and Interpretation," Nordic Journal of Political Economy, Nordic Journal of Political Economy, vol. 25, pages 5-14. 1999.
FAGERBERG, J. (2003) Schumpeter and the revival of evolutionary economics: an appraisal of the literature, Journal of Evolutionary Economics 13:125-159.
FAGERBERG, J. "Innovation - a New Guide," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20131119, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo. 2013.
KIM, L. e NELSON, R. R. A tecnologia e a industrialização em economias de industrialização recente. Campinas, SP: Editora da UNICAMP, 2005.
MINISTÉRIO DA EDUCAÇÃO. Dados Estatísticos sobre o Ensino Superior em Moçambique 2011 -2015 (http://www.mctestp.gov.mz/?q=content/institui%C3%A7%C3%B5es-de-es).
MINAG. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (PEDSA 2010‐2019) Maputo, 2010 source (http://fsg.afre.msu.edu/mozambique/caadp/PEDSA_FINAL_10Out.pdf).
Nelson, R. R. & Winter, S. G. Uma teoria evolucionária da mudança econômica. Campinas, SP: Editora da UNICAMP, 2005. (1ª reimpressão, 2012).
Republic of Mozambique, Mozambique Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy (MOSTIS), 2006.
SCHUMPETER, J. The Theory of Economic Development, Cambridge, Mass. 1911.
SCHUMPETER, J. Business Cycles I-II. New York:McGraw-Hill 1939.
UNCTAD (2004) The impact of FDI on development: Globalization of R&D by transnational corporations and implications for developing countries, United Nations, dezembro 2004 (http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/com2em16d2_en.pdf>).