The Effect of Religiosity and Personality on Work Ethics: A Case of Muslim Managers
Science Journal of Business and Management
Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2016, Pages: 1-9
Received: Oct. 11, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 6, 2016; Published: May 13, 2016
Views 4467      Downloads 199
Zazli Lily Wisker, Faculty of Business, American University of the Middle East, Egaila, Dasman, Kuwait
Vikinta Rosinaite, Department of Liberal Arts, American University of the Middle East, Egaila, Dasman, Kuwait
Article Tools
Follow on us
The study of the Muslim managers’ religiosity, personality and behavior has been underdeveloped. In this study, we examined the impact of religiosity, personality and behavior on Islamic work ethics. We posited that Islamic religiosity impacts on Islamic work ethics, personality and behavior positively. We also hypothesized that personality and behavior impacts on work ethics positively. Data were collected from 253 Muslim managers in FMCG industry in UAE. Data were quantitatively analyzed using structural equation modelling (SEM). Results were in keeping with the model. The level of religiosity however was not found to affect Islamic work ethics directly but through the behavior and personality of Muslim managers. Theoretical implications and managerial ramifications were also discussed.
Religiosity, Islamic Personality, Islamic Behaviors, Work Ethics, Islamic Religiosity, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)
To cite this article
Zazli Lily Wisker, Vikinta Rosinaite, The Effect of Religiosity and Personality on Work Ethics: A Case of Muslim Managers, Science Journal of Business and Management. Special Issue: Ethical Challenges in the 21st Century. Vol. 4, No. 1-1, 2016, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.sjbm.s.2016040101.11
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abdullah, A. (1992). The influence of ethnic values on managerial practices in Malaysia. Malaysian Management Review, 27(1), 3-18.
Abu-Raiya, H. (2012). Towards a systematic Quranic theory of personality, Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 15(3), 217-233.
Abuznaid, S. (2006). Islam and Management: What can be learned? Thunderbird International Business Review, 48(1), 125-139.
Al-Ammar, F., Ahmed, IH. & Nordin, MS. (2012) Moral character of Muslim personality: Scale validation, Journal of Education and Practice, 3(16), 118-128.
Al-Ghazali, M. (1995). The revival religious science, 3rd part. Beirut: Dar al_Fikr.
Al-Habshi, S. O., & Syed Agil, S. O. (1994). The role and influence of religion in society. Kuala Lumpur: Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia.
Ali, AJ. (1988) Scaling Islamic work ethics, The Journal of Social Psychology, 128(5), 575-583.
Ali, AJ (1992). The Islamic work ethics in Arabia, The Journal of Psychology, 16(5), 507-519.
Ali, AJ (2005). Islamic perspectives on management and organization, Northamton, Massachusetts, Edward Elgar Publishing Inc.
Ali, AJ (2009). Level of existence and motivation in Islam. Journal of Management History, 5(11), 50-65.
Ali, AJ & Al-Owaihan, A. (2008). Islamic work ethics: A critical review. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 15(1), 5-19.
Annalakshmi, N. & Abeer, M. (2011). Islamic worldview, religious personality and resilience among Muslim adolescent students in India, Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 7(4), 716-738.
Barro, RJ & McCleary, RM (2003) Religion and economic growth across countries. American Sociological Review, 68(2), 760–781.
Brammer, S, Williams, G & Zinkin, J (2007) Religion and attitudes to corporate social responsibility in a large cross-country sample. Journal of Business Ethics, 71(3), 229-243.
Byrne, B. (2013) Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications and programming, 2nd edition, Mahwah, New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum.
Chapra, M. U. (1992) Islam and economic challenge. Leicester: The Islamic Foundation Press.
Choudhury, MA (2007). Development of Islamic economic and social thought. In: Hassan, KM & Lewis, MK (eds.) Handbook of Islamic Banking. Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar.
Cole, N (2009). Cross-Cultural Conceptions of Organizational Justice: The Impact of Eastern Religions/Philosophies. The Business Review, Cambridge, 12(2), 18-26.
Diamond, E. (2002). The Kosher lifestyle: Religious consumerism and suburban orthodox Jews. Journal of Urban History, 28(4), 488-505.
Emmons, R. A., Cheung, C., & Tehrani, K. (1998) Assessing spirituality through personal goals: Implications for research on religion and subjective well-being. Social Indicators Research, 45(1-3), 391.
Fauziah, M. T., Ramayah, T., & Dzujastri, A. R. (2008) Factors influencing intention to use diminishing partnership home financing. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 1(3), 235-248.
Farooqi, AH (2006). Islamic social capital and networking. Humanomics, 22(2), 13-125.
French, B & Finch, H (2006). Confirmatory Factor Analytic Procedures for the Determination of Measurement Invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 13(3), 378-385.
Heaven, P., C. L., & Ciarrochi, J. (2007). Personality and religious values among adolescents: A three-wave longitudinal analysis. British Journal of Psychology, 98, 681-694.
Hostede, G. (1999). Problems remain, but theories will change: the universal and specific in 21st century global management. Organizational Dynamics, 28(1), 34-43.
Johnson, B. R., Jang, S. J., Larson, D. B., & Li, S. D. (2001). Does adolescent religious commitment matter? A re-examination of the effects of religiosity on delinquency. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 38(1), 22-43.
Johnstone, B., Yoon, D. P., Cohen, D., Schopp, L. H., McCorack, G., Campbell, J. & Smith, M. (2012). Journal of Religious and Health, 51, 1017-1041.
Kalantari, B. (2005). Middle Eastern public management: A cultural approach to developmental administration. Public Organization Review, 5(2), 125-137.
Kamaluddin, F & Ab. Manan, SK. (2010), The conceptual framework of Islamic work ethics (IWE), Malaysian Accounting Review, 9(2), 57-71.
King, S. M. (2007). Religion, spirituality and the workplace: Challenges for public administration. Public Administration Review, 67(1), 103.
Kuran, T. (2003). The Islamic commercial crisis: Institutional roots of the economic underdevelopment in Middle East. Journal of Economic History, 63(2), 414-446.
Lewis, MK (2007). Comparing Islamic and Christian attitudes to usury. In: Hassan, KM & Lewis MK (eds.) Handbook of Islamic Banking. Northampton, MA USA: Edward Elgar.
Lewis, VA & Kashyap, R. (2013). Are Muslims a distinctive minority? An empirical analysis of religiosity, social attitude and Islam, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 52(3), 617-626.
Little, T. D., Cunningham, W. A., Shahar, G., & Widaman, K. F. (2007). To parcel or not to parcel: Exploring the question, weighing the merits. Structural Equation Modeling, 9(2), 15-73.
Manshor, T. A., Jusoh, M., & Simun, M. (2003). Diversity factors and preferential treatment inselecting employees. Journal of Management Development, 22(7), 643-656.
Moaddel, M. (2002). The study of Islamic culture and politics: An overview and assessment. Annual Review of Sociology, 28, 359-387.
Mokhlis, S. (2006). The effect of religiosity on shoping orientation: An exploratory study in Malaysia. The Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 9(1), 64-74.
Mount, M, Illies, R & Johnson, E. (2006). Relationship of personality traits and counterproductive work behaviors: The mediating effects of job satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 59(3), 591-611.
Mott, S. C. (1984). The use of the New Testament. Transformation, 1(2), 21-26.
Poulson, R. L., Eppler, M. A., Satterwhite, T. N., Wuensch, K. L., & Bass, L. A. (1998). Alcohol consumption, strength of religious belief and risky sexual behaviour in college students. Journal of American College Health, 46(5), 227-232.
Rice, G 1999. Islamic ethics and the implications for business. Journal of Business Ethics, 18(4), 345-358.
Rowatt, WC., Franklin, LM. & Cotton, M. (2005). Patterns and personality correlates of implicit and explicit attitudes toward Christian and Muslims, Journal for the Science Study of Religion, 44(1), 29-43.
Roccas, S, Sagiv, L., Schwartz, SH. & Knafo, A. (2002). The big five personality factors and personal values. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(6), 789-801.
Rokeach, M. (1973). The nature of human values. New York: Free Press.
Saroglou, V. (2002). Religion and the five factors of personality: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 32(1), 15-25.
Sagiv, L., & Schwartz, S. H. (1995). Values priorities and readiness for out-group social contact. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(3), 437-448.
Smith, B. C. (2006). Religious Foundations of Western Civilization: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Library Journal, 131(4), 93.
Tayeb, M (1997). Islamic revival in Asia and human resource management. Employee Relations, 19(4), 352-364.
Tsalikis, J., & Lassar, W. (2009). Measuring consumer perceptions of business ethical behavior in two Muslim countries. Journal of Business Ethics, 89(1), 91-98.
Weber, M (1958). The protestant ethics and the spirit of capitalism, NY, Charles Scribner's Son.
Williams, A & Sharma, A (2005). Building an Islamic brand. Brand Strategy, 97, 52-53.
Wisker, L (2012). The Impact of extraversion, agreeableness and emotional stability on sales performance: A Comparative Study between Muslim and Non-Muslim Managers, Journal of Business and Policy Research 7(2), 96-111.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186