Dynamics of Labour Force for Human Resource Management: A Local Economy Perspective in Bangladesh
Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014, Pages: 1-11
Received: Oct. 22, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 30, 2014;
Published: Nov. 5, 2014
Views 4500 Downloads 255
Jayanta Kumar Basak, Department of Environmental Science and Hazard Studies, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Suban Kumar Chowdhury, Department of Natural Sciences, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Masum Miah, Department of Business Administration, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
The trends of creation of new employment is essential to understand for human resource management because of the activities, policies, and practices of any organization involved in obtaining, developing, utilizing, evaluating, maintaining, and retaining the appropriate number and skill mix of employees. Therefore, the study has sought to provide an understanding on the issues and options involved in the characteristics included in broad sector of employment and employed population by major occupation, level of education, and occupation by sector of employment, employment by industry, status in employment etc. Moreover, the current research has explored the changing pattern of labour market in different points of view for both male and female workers. To achieve the aims of the study, data from Labor Force Survey (LFS) conducted by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) during the period of 1999 to 2010 have been used. The study showed that the rate of growth in unemployed population was higher than the employed population which might create an extra pressure in labour market. Moreover, it is also found that acute skill shortage is another particular concern which is affecting labour market. The main reason beyond not only the education levels of the workforce are low, but the education and vocational training are not maintained towards the markets needs. Therefore, creating productive employment opportunities will be imperative for sustained economic growth as well as to achieve optimal productivity and effectiveness.
Jayanta Kumar Basak,
Suban Kumar Chowdhury,
Dynamics of Labour Force for Human Resource Management: A Local Economy Perspective in Bangladesh, Journal of Human Resource Management. Special Issue: International Human Resource Management.
Vol. 2, No. 6-1,
2014, pp. 1-11.
R.A.M. Titumir, and J. Hossain, “Learning for Skill Formation and Employability: A Strategic Framework for Informal Sector in Bangladesh”. Journal of the Institute of Bangladesh Studies, Bangladesh, vol. XXVI, 2003, pp 17-38.
World Bank, World Development Report: Development and the next generation. Washington D.C: The World Bank, 2006.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh-2010. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2010.
S. Samarrai, “Changes in employment in Bangladesh, 2000-2005: The impacts on poverty and gender equity”. A background paper for the Bangladesh Poverty Assessment (2007), South Asia Region, World Bank, 2006.
World Bank, Poverty Assessment Report for Bangladesh: 2005. Washington D.C: The World Bank, 2007.
World Bank, Poverty Assessment Report for Bangladesh: 2010. Washington D.C: The World Bank, 2012.
M. Hossain, and A. Bayes, “Rural Economy and Livelihoods: Insights from Bangladesh”. Dhaka, Bangladesh: A. H. Developing Publishing House, 2009.
T.A. Abdullah, and S. Zeidenstein, “Village Women in Bangladesh: Prospects for Change”. UK: Oxford Press, 1982.
K.A. Toufique, and C. Turton, “Hands not land: How livelihoods are changing in rural Bangladesh”. Dhaka : Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) and Department for International Development (DFID), 2002.
R.M. Ahsan, S.R. Hussain, and J. Ben Wallace, “Role of Women in Agriculture. University of Dhaka”, Dhaka: The Centre for Urban Studies, 1986.
N. Chowdhury, “Revaluation of Women’s Work in Bangladesh”. The Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol.9, no.1, pp.8-15, 1986.
A. Farouk, “The Hardworking Poor. Bureau of Economic Research”, Dhaka: University of Dhaka, 1983.
A.Halim, and F.E. McCarrthy, “Women Laborers in Rice Producing Villages of Bangladesh”. Conference on Women in Rice Farming Systems, The International Rice Research Institute, Manila. Aldershot and Brookfield: Gower Publishing Company, 1985, pp. 242-254.
K. Westergaard, “Pauperization and Rural Women in Bangladesh: A Case Study”, Comilla, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD), 1983.
W.M.H. Jaim, and M.L. Rahman, “Participation of Women and Children in Agricultural Activities—A Micro Level Study in An Area of Bangladesh”. The Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics, Bureau of Socio-economic Research and Training, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 1988, vol. XI,no.2, pp. 30-35.
M.L.Bose, A. Ahmad, and M. Hossain, 2009, “The Role of Gender in Economic Activities with Special Reference to Women’s Participation and Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh”. Gender, Technology and Development, 2009 vol.13, no. 1.
R. Heath, and A. M. Mobarak, “Does demand or supply constrain investments in education? Evidence from garment sector jobs in Bangladesh”. Available at: http://faculty.som.yale.edu/mushfiqmobarak/garments.pdf [Accessed 20 December 2012]
World Bank, Bangladesh Education Sector Review, vol. I, II and III, Dhaka: University Press Limited, 2000.
M. Shamsuddin, “Labor Market Effects of Female Stipend Program in Bangladesh”. Available at: http://www12.georgetown.edu/students/ms866/files/paper2.pdf. [Accessed 20 March 2013]
Siddiqi, and G.A. Hafiz, “The Readymade Garment Industry of Bangladesh”, Dhaka: The University Press Limited, 2004.
R.I. Rahman, “Performance of Labor Market in Bangladesh: Recent Changes and Policy Implications”, Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, 2000.
M. Hossain, and W.M.H. Jaim, “Empowering Women to Become Farmer Entrepreneur: Case Study of a NGO Supported Program in Bangladesh”. Paper presented in Conference on New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture, Rome: IFAD Head Quarter, 2011.
M. Asaduzzaman, “The next agricultural transition in Bangladesh: Which transition, why and how?” Conference on Understanding the Next Generation in Asia, 23 April, 2010 Bangkok.
R.I. Rahman, “Skill Development in Bangladesh: Responses to Globalisation”, Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, 2000.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Report of the Labour Force Survey, Bangladesh-1999-2000. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2002.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Report on the Labour Force Survey, Bangladesh 2002-2003. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2004.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Report of the Labour Force Survey, Bangladesh 2005-2006. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2008.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Report of the Labour Force Survey, Bangladesh 2010. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2011.