The Effects of Central Government Transfers on Local Revenue Collection by Urban Local Governments in Uganda: A Case of Selected Municipal Councils
International Journal of Business and Economics Research
Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages: 345-351
Received: Aug. 10, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 22, 2020; Published: Sep. 24, 2020
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Yeko Mwanga, School of Statistics and Planning, College of Business and Management Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Fred Maniragaba, School of Statistics and Planning, College of Business and Management Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Paulino Ariho, Department of Sociology and Social Administration, Kyambogo University, Kampala, Uganda
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Government of Uganda is undertaking reforms to improve on the funding levels and modalities of local governments but is faced with a limited budget to fund both the central government and decentralized functions. Less is known about the effect of central government transfers to local revenue collection especially in the context of decentralization in Uganda. We assessed the effects of central government transfers on local revenue generation by municipalities in Uganda by analyzing the trends of central government transfers and locally generated revenues by the municipal councils and assessing the effects of central government transfers on own local revenue generation. Our study focused on municipalities that have been in existence since introduction of decentralization policy and some of these have recently been upgraded into cities. Time series data covering the selected municipalities were obtained from the Local Government Finance Commission. The dataset comprised of locally generated revenue and central government transfers for 13 old municipal councils. The data was in Excel and it had to be exported to E-Views statistical software for further analysis using the fixed effects regression model. Our findings indicate that over the period 2002 to 2017, both central government grants and local revenue generation grew exponentially. We find that increased central government grants contributed to a decline in locally generated revenue and this partly attributable to too much reliance of the local governments on central grants. The results showed that the lagged total central government grants had a significant negative effect on the locally generated revenue. Government should factor in the allocation formula for central government grants to the local revenue performance to serve as an incentive for the municipal councils to raise own local revenue.
Central Government Transfers, Locally Generated Revenue, Urban Local Governments, Fixed Effects Regression
To cite this article
Yeko Mwanga, Fred Maniragaba, Paulino Ariho, The Effects of Central Government Transfers on Local Revenue Collection by Urban Local Governments in Uganda: A Case of Selected Municipal Councils, International Journal of Business and Economics Research. Vol. 9, No. 5, 2020, pp. 345-351. doi: 10.11648/j.ijber.20200905.16
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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