Influence of Private Equity Penetration on Capital Market Development in Sub-Sahara Countries
Journal of Investment and Management
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2019, Pages: 67-75
Received: Oct. 14, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 31, 2019;
Published: Nov. 6, 2019
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Fonkam Mongwa Nkam, Department of Banking and Finance, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Akume Daniel Akume, Department of Banking and Finance, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Molem Christopher Sama, Department of Banking and Finance, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Any country that recognises the importance of private equity investments may be forced to have a developed capital market as private equity investors use capital markets for Merger and Acquisition transactions and exit routes from portfolio companies after the holding period. Therefore, this paper seeks to assess the extent to which private equity penetration influences capital market development in Cameroon, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa. Secondary data was collected from private equity and venture capital data bases, World Bank development indicators, regional private equity venture capital associations and on country specific stock market websites. The Two-Stage Least Squares Instrumental Variables, Panel Corrected Standard Errors and Feasible Generalised Least Squares estimation techniques were used due to the potential problems of endogeneity and spherical errors of serial correlation, heteroskedasticity, cross sectional dependence and multicollinearity. The results show that the signs of the variables from the Panel Corrected Standard Errors and Feasible Generalised Least Squares estimation techniques are consistent with those of the Two-Stage Least Squares Instrumental Variables, though the magnitudes of the coefficients are different. In terms of the variables that are significant, the same set of variables (stock market liquidity, banking sector development and GDP per capita) is significant in all the specifications while foreign direct investment and private equity penetration (variable of interest) are insignificant in all the specifications. Based on the findings, we recommend the governments of these countries to set listing requirements based on businesses sizes, continue to improve macroeconomic environments and improve on the regulations on microcredit banks.
Fonkam Mongwa Nkam,
Akume Daniel Akume,
Molem Christopher Sama,
Influence of Private Equity Penetration on Capital Market Development in Sub-Sahara Countries, Journal of Investment and Management.
Vol. 8, No. 4,
2019, pp. 67-75.
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