Please enter verification code
Women’s Involvement in Income Generating Activities and Their Opinion About Its Contribution: A Study of Gazipur District, Bangladesh
Science Innovation
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 72-80
Received: Aug. 29, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 11, 2015; Published: Sep. 26, 2015
Views 5944      Downloads 312
Shaikh Shamim Hasan, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, China; Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development (AER), Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur, Bangladesh
Moushumi Hossain, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development (AER), Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur, Bangladesh
Sabina Sultana, Department of Agricultural Extension, Gazipur SadarUpazila, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Mithun Kumar Ghosh, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, EXIM Bank Agricultural University, Chapainawabganj, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
The study was conducted to determine the socioeconomic characteristics ofthe respondents participating in different agricultural income generating activities, to attain the nature and extent of participation in different Income Generating Activities (IGAs) and find out the relationship between the selected characteristics of the respondents and their opinion in poverty alleviation through IGAs. An interview schedule was used to collect needed information through face to face interview from randomly selected sample size of 125 respondents. The respondents showed remarkable individual differences in their characteristics and majority (84%) of them belonged to young and middle aged category having high literacy rate (86.7%). Most of the respondents’ family size was small and medium (90.6%) and having small (96%) farm size. Most of the respondents’ (78.7 %) annual income was up to Tk 200000 and they have medium (60%) agricultural knowledge, favourable attitude (78.7%) towards participation in IGAs. Most of the respondents had higher participation (48.1%) in IGAs. The income from IGAs was high (86.7%) and opinion regarding poverty alleviation through IGAs should substantial improvement (65.3%). Education, family size, agricultural knowledge, respondent’s attitude, participation in IGAs, income from IGAs were found to have significant relationship with the respondents’ opinion on poverty alleviation through IGAS. High price of inputs, frequent absence of members in time, lack of marketing facilities and social sanction for the women for going activities outside homestead were the major problems faced by the respondents.
Income Generating Activities (IGAs), Opinion, Women Involvement, Contribution
To cite this article
Shaikh Shamim Hasan, Moushumi Hossain, Sabina Sultana, Mithun Kumar Ghosh, Women’s Involvement in Income Generating Activities and Their Opinion About Its Contribution: A Study of Gazipur District, Bangladesh, Science Innovation. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 72-80. doi: 10.11648/
ADB 2004. Bangladesh: Gender, Poverty and the Millennium Development Goals. ADB Country Gender Strategy, Bangladesh Resident Mission and Regional and Sustainable Development Department. Manila, Philippines: Asian Development Bank.
Ahmed, F., Siwar, C. and Idris, N. A. H. 2011. Contribution of Rural Women to Family Income Through Participation in Microcredit: An Empirical Analysis. American Journal of Applied Sciences 8 (3): 238-245. Available at: http//
Al-Amin, S. 2008. Role of Women in Maintaining Sustainable Livelihoods of Char Landers in Selected Areas of Jamalpur District. PhD Thesis. Department of Agricultural Extension Education Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.
Ali, M. Y., Ahmed, M. M., and Islam, M. B. 2008. Homestead Vegetable Gardening: Meeting the Need of Year Round Vegetable Requirement of Farm Family. Paper presented in the National Workshop on Multiple Cropping held at Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh on 23-24 April, 2008.
Anonymous. 2008. Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh 2007, 27th edn, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Panning Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
Anonymous. 2013. Gender Statics of Bangladesh 2012. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, pp. 9-12. Available at: http//
Anonymous. 2015. Average household size by sex of head of household and residence. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Available at: http//
Baba, Z. A.; Hakeem, A. H.; Ganai, N. A.; Malik, K. M.; Sheikh, T. A. 2009. Role of rural women in agriculture and income generating activities. Asian Journal of Home Science, 4 (1):1-3.
BRAC, 2007. At a Glance. (on line accessed 10 Octobar, 2009). http://www.
Carletto, M. K., Covarrubias, B.D., Krausova, M., Stamoulis, K., Winter, P. and Zezza, A. 2007. Rural income generating activities in developing countries: re-assessing the evidence. Electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, Agricultural Development Economics Division (ESA) FAO, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2007, pp. 146-193. Available at: http//
Chowdhury, M. J. A. 2007. Does the Participation in the Microcredit Programs Increase Consumption of Participating Households? The Case of the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh. Center for Microfinance and Development (CDM) Working Paper 03, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1-16.
Davis, J. 2004. The Rural Non-Farm Economy, Livelihoods and their Diversification: Issues and Options Chatham, UK: Natural Resource Institute.
Downs, M. 2007. Microcredit and Empowerment among Women Cloth Dyers of Bamako, Mali. Ph.D. dissertation. The graduate school of the University of Florida. Available at:
Fakir, S. K. 2008. Women Empowerment through Participation in Income Generating Activities of Sabalamby Unnayan Samity. PhD Thesis. Department of Agricultural Extension Education Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.
FAO. 1998. The State of Food and Agriculture: Rural Non-Farm Income in Developing Countries. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization.
Farid, K. S., Mozumdar, L., Kabir, M. S., and Goswami, U. K. 2009. Nature and Extent of Rural Women’s Participation in Agricultural and Non-agricultural Activities. Agricultural Science Digest, 29(4).
Haque, M. S. and Yamao, M. 2009. Can microcredit alleviate rural poverty? A case study of Bangladesh. World Academy Science, Engineering and Technology, 46: 648-656.
Hoque, M. and Itohara, Y. 2008. Participation and decision making role of rural women in economic activities: A comparative study for members and non-members of the micro-credit organizations in Bangladesh. Journal of Social Science, 4: 229-236. Available at: http//DOI: 10.3844/jssp.2008.229.236.
IFAD .2001. Rural Poverty Report 2001: The Challenge of Ending Rural Poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press for International Fund for Agricultural Development.
Islam, S. and Mainuddin, A. 2015. Relationship between income generating activities of rural women and their reproductive health behavior in Bangladesh. Journal of Rural and Remote Health Research, Education, Practice and Policy.
Islam, M. S., Takashi, S., and Chhabi, K. Q. N. 2010. Women’s Contribution to Self-financed Small-Scale Independent Broiler Farming and their Participation in Farm Extension Activities in Rural Bangladesh. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 22, Article # 141.
Islam, M. Z. A. 2008. Survival Strategies of the Female Displaces in Rural Bangladesh: A Study of Two Riparian Villages on the Right Bank of Jamuna. XII World Congress of Rural Sociology, Goyang, Korea. Available at (searched date: 14 July 2011).
Islam, N. and Sultana, N. 2006. The status of women in Bangladesh: Is the situation really encouraging? Research Journal of Social Science, 1: 56-65.
Jahan, N. and Rahman, H. 2003. Livestock Services and the Poor in Bangladesh: A Case Study. Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre, Udkaersvej 15, Skejby, DK - 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. An Initiative by Danida, IFAD and World Bank. Availableat (searched date: 10 August 2011).
Javed, A, Muhammad, L., Khan A. S., and Farah A. A. 2006. Impact of Micro Credit Scheme of NRSP on the Socio Economic Conditions of Female Community in District Rawalakot, azad Jamu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Journal of Agriculture & Social Sciences. 2(3)142-144.
Khan, M. A. H., Ali, M. Y., Quayyum, M. A., Nazrul, M. I. and Hossain, M. J. 2009. Year Round Homestead Vegetable Production: A Means of Reducing Poverty and Nutritional Deficiency For Small Farm, Bangladesh. Journal of Agricultural Research, 34(1): 169-174.
Kuhinur, S. and Rokonuzzaman, M. 2009. Impact of Grameen Bank micro credit on change in livelihood status of women beneficiaries. J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ., 7: 381-386. DOI: 10.3329/jbau.v7i2.4750.
Mazumder, M. S. U and Wencong, L. 2013. Micro-credit and poverty reduction: A case of Bangladesh. Prague Economic Papers, 22 (3): 403-417. DOI: 10.18267/j.pep.459.
Micevska, M. and Rahut, D. B. 2008. Rural Nonfarm Employment and Incomes in the Himilayas. Working Paper No. 205. New Dehli: Indian Council for Research on International Development.
Ministry of Education (MoEdu). 2015. Peoples Republic of Bangladesh.
Mondal, N. I., A. R. Khan, J. Chakma and G. Hossain, 2009. Family structure, economic security and educational status of rural chakma in CHT of Bangladesh. Journal of Social Science, 19: 219-224.
Moore, D. S., George, P. M., Bruce, C. and Michael, W. P. 2014. Introduction to practice of statistics. W. H. Freeman & Co. Ltd. USA.
Mustafa, M. M., Khan, N. A., Osman, H. A. K., and Shamsuzzaman, S. M. 2000. Research on Home Gardens in Bangladesh: Present Status and Properties for the New Millennium. In: Khan, N. A. (ed.), Indigenous Practices in Bangladesh BARCICK, Dhaka. 107-117.
Nielsen, H., Roos, N., and Hilsted, S. H. 2003. The Impact of Semi-Scavenging Poultry Production on the Consumption of Animal Source Foods by Women and Girls in Bangladesh. The Journal of Nutrition, 133: 4027S–4030S.
Ogunlade, I. and Adebayo, S. A. 2009. Socio-economic Status of Women in Rural Poultry Production in Selected Areas of Kwara State Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8: 55-59.
Panda, D. K. 2009. Participation in the Group Based Microfinance and its Impact on Rural Households: A Quasi-experimental Evidence from an Indian State. Global Journal of Finance Management, 1: 171-183.
Parveen, S. 2008. Access of Rural Women to Productive Resources in Bangladesh: A Pillar for Promoting their Empowerment. International Journal of Rural Studies, 15(1): 1-8.
Parvin, G. A., Ahsan, S. M. R., and Chowdhury, M. R. 2005. Women Empowerment Performance of Income Generating Activities Supported by Rural Women Employment Creation Project (RWECP): A Case Study in Dumuria Thana, Bangladesh. The Journal of Geo-Environment, 4:47-62.
Rahman, M. 2003. Growth of Poultry Industry in Bangladesh Poverty Alleviation and Employment Opportunity. In: Proceedings of 3rd International Poultry Show and Seminar, Organized by World’s Poultry Science Association-Bangladesh Branch. 1-7.
Rahman, M. H. and Naoroze, K. 2007. Women Empowerment through Participation in Aquaculture: Experience of a Large-scale Technology Demonstration Project in Bangladesh Journal of Social Science, 3(4): 164-171.
Reardon, T., Berdegué, J. and Escobar, G .2001. Rural Nonfarm Employment and Incomes in Latin America: Overview and Policy Implications. World Development, 29(3):411-425.
Salawat, N., Hasan, S. S., Khan, A. S., Rahman, M. S., Hoque, M. M. and Moonmoon, M. 2013. Study on Knowledge and Attitude of Mushroom Growers at Selected Upazilas of Dhaka. Bangladesh Journal of Mushroom. 7 (1): 49-57.
Sarker, A. S. and Rahman, M. H. 2007. The emerging perspective of governance and poverty alleviation: A case of Bangladesh. Public Organization Review, 7: 93-112. Available at: http//DOI 10.1007/s11115-006-0023-y.
Shamsuddoha, M. 2009. Development of Livestock Sector through Leading NGO in Bangladesh. The Annals of the "Ştefan cel Mare" University Suceava. Fascicle of the Faculty of Economics and Public Administration, 9(1): 1-9.
Sheheli, S. 2012. Improving livelihood of rural women through income generating activities in Bangladesh. PhD Thesis/Dissertation, Division of Agricultural Economics, Hambolt University Berlin, Germany.
Siddique, Z., Batool, S. A. and M. Farooq. 2009. An assessment of female participation in income generating activities in agriculture sector in rural areas of district Sialkot. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 19(4):230-233.
Smucker, T. A. and Wisner, B. 2008. Changing Household Responses to drought in Tharaka, Kenya: Vulnerability, Persistence and Challenge. Journal Compilation at Overseas Development Institute. Blackwell Publishing.
Sonaiya, E. B. 2007. Family Poultry, Food Security and the Impact of HPAI. World’s Poultry Science Journal, Vol. 63.
Steele, F., Amin, S., and Naved, R. T. 2001. Savings/Credit Group Formation and Change in Contraception. Demography, 38(2): 267-282.
Sultana, B., Zaaba, Z. B. and Umemoto, K. 2010. Women’s Empowerment Through the Development of Micro Entrepreneurship in Rural Bangladesh. Social Science, 5: 1-9. DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2010.1.9.
Sultana, S. and Hasan, S. S. 2010. Impact of Micro-Credit on Economic Empowerment of Rural Women. The Agriculturists, 8(2): 43-49. Available at: http//
UNIFEM 1998. Gender Considerations in Sectoral Planning for Pacific Island Planners in Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, UNIFEM Pacific Regional Office, Suva, December.
Yaqoob, M., Menhas, R., Akhtar, S., Mushta, A. and Mehmood, F. 2014. Economic Role of Women: A Systematic Analysis of Women Income Generating Activities in Rural Areas of Pakistan. World Applied Sciences Journal 31 (4): 488-490. DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2014.31.04.346.
Zaman, H. 2009. Assessing the Poverty and vulnerability Impact of Micro-Credit in Bangladesh: A Case study of BRAC. Washington, D. C.: The World Bank.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186