Antioxidants: Fascinating and Favourable Biomolecules for Humans
Science Innovation
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 113-116
Received: Sep. 6, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 21, 2015; Published: Oct. 12, 2015
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Authors
Chandani T. Desai, Biotechnology Department, Shree Ramkrishna Institute of Computer Education and Applied Sciences, Surat, Gujarat, India
Gaurav S. Shah, Biotechnology Department, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat, Gujarat, India
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Abstract
Free radicals are highly reactive molecules or chemical species that are competent enough of independent existence. Free radicals can cause “oxidative stress,” a process that can trigger cell damage. Oxidative stress is thought to play a role in a variety of diseases including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease. Increasing the antioxidant intake can prevent diseases and lower the health problems. Generation of highly Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) is an integral feature of normal cellular function like mitochondrial respiratory chain, phagocytosis, arachidonic acid metabolism, ovulation, and fertilisation. Antioxidants combat oxidative stress by working to neutralise excess free radicals and stopping them from starting the chain reactions that contribute to various diseases and early aging. Different types of natural antioxidants are present in fruit and vegetables; they have synergistic interactions that are important due to their activity and regenerative potential.
Keywords
Antioxidants, Oxidative Stress, Reactive Oxygen Species, Epigallocatechin Gallate
To cite this article
Chandani T. Desai, Gaurav S. Shah, Antioxidants: Fascinating and Favourable Biomolecules for Humans, Science Innovation. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 113-116. doi: 10.11648/j.si.20150306.18
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