Energy Landscape of Rwanda and Institutional Framework
Science Research
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 16-22
Received: Apr. 22, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 28, 2017; Published: Jun. 21, 2017
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Authors
Ituze Gemma, Department of Energy Science, Pan African University Institute of Water and Energy Science PAUWES, Tlemcen, Algeria
Mwongereza Jean d’Amour, Department of Energy Science, Pan African University Institute of Water and Energy Science PAUWES, Tlemcen, Algeria; Department of General Courses, Integrated Polytechnic Regional Centre East (IPRC-EAST), Kibungo, Rwanda
Abimana Colette, Department of Energy Science, Pan African University Institute of Water and Energy Science PAUWES, Tlemcen, Algeria
Rwema Michel, Department of Energy Science, Pan African University Institute of Water and Energy Science PAUWES, Tlemcen, Algeria
Chisale Paul, Department of Energy Science, Pan African University Institute of Water and Energy Science PAUWES, Tlemcen, Algeria
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Abstract
This paper reviews Rwanda’s energy landscape. It looked into potentials energy resources, installed capacities and available technologies. Rwanda is well-endowed with energy resources, such as solar, biomass, hydro, and methane gas and geothermal, though most of these resources remain untapped. Energy is considered the most powerful keys for a country to measure its economy development. Therefore, the inter-paly between energy production and consumption, and is preccussor of the level of development. The access to clean energy is very paramount and brings along with it alot of socio-economic benefits to the citizens in terms of poverty reduction, cost effectiveness and safegaurding the environment. As a result of improving the service sector with emphasis on energy, regulatory, legal and institution framework measures, Rwanda has been, in 21st century, one of the ten fastest growing economies in the world. Among others, has fast growing energy accessibility rate of 8 % in 2008 that is currently standing at 23%. Rwanda has an ambitoius target to be achieved 70% access rate by 2017/2018. Hydro remains the major source of electricity; followed by solar which has high potential; biomass, at 85%, is Rwanda’s primary energy source; and lake Kivu methane gas is the new source of energy.
Keywords
Potential Energy Resources, Regulatory, Legal and Instution Framework Measures, Environmental Sustainability
To cite this article
Ituze Gemma, Mwongereza Jean d’Amour, Abimana Colette, Rwema Michel, Chisale Paul, Energy Landscape of Rwanda and Institutional Framework, Science Research. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 16-22. doi: 10.11648/j.sr.20170503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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