Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 44-49
Received: Sep. 3, 2015;
Accepted: Sep. 16, 2015;
Published: Sep. 26, 2015
Views 3727 Downloads 118
Solaiman , Dept. of Textile Engineering, World University of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Joykrisna Saha, Dept. of Textile Engineering, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh
Fading is renowned process to develop fabric outer appearance. Difference types of fading process are applied on denim fabric to modify fabric outer surface. Laser fading, Hand sand brushing and Potassium permanganate (P.P) spraying etc are applied on denim for fading. In this research work, the properties of Modern (Laser) and conventional fading process (Hand sand brushing, PP spraying) were analyzed on denim fabric. A particular design was produced by laser fading at 130 μs. After that same design is produced by hand sand brushing with the emery paper (220, 320 & 400 number papers) and PP spraying with the Potassium permanganate spray. Reflective spectrophotometer was used to determine L*, a*, b* coordinates, the colour change (ΔE values), Yellowness Index (according to ASTM D 1925) and colour efficiency value (K/S). Physical, Mechanical and other aesthetic properties are also tested and the finding results are also compared with untreated (Raw denim) samples. After testing the sample it is found that rubbing fastness is remain unchanged for PP spraying in compare with raw denim but slight changed for Hand sand Brushing and PP spraying. Durability of untreated, hand sand treated, laser treated and PP sprayed fabrics were evaluated in terms of pilling and fastness toward washing and Lighting, using the gray and blue scale (ISO 105-A02-1987) according to ISO standard recommendations and compared with untreated one. Tensile and tearing strength have decreased in compare with raw sample. The most significant decrease of tensile and tearing strength is occurred after hand sand brushed fading.
Comparative Analysis of Manual Fading and Laser Fading Process on Denim Fabric, Science Discovery.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 44-49.
Denim. (2015, March 25). In Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved10:21, April7, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Denim&oldid=653425716.
Card A, Moore M. N., Ankeny M., 2006, “Garment washed jeans: impact of launderings on physical properties”, International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 18(1), 43-52.
Ozguney A., 2007, “The comparison of laser surface designing and pigment printing methods for the product quality”, Optics &Laser Technology, Vol.39, pp.1054-1058.
Sweeney D., 2002, “Way to Go Indigo--Using Cellulase to Soften and Lighten Denim”, American Biology Teacher, Vol.64 (3), pp.202-207.
Ondogan Z, Pamuk O., Ondogan E. N., Ozguney A., 2005, “Improving the Appearance of All Textile Products from Clothing to Home Textile Using the Laser Technology”, Optics &Laser Technology, Vol.37(8), pp.631–637.
Ondogan Z., Pamuk O., Ondogan E. N., Ozguney A.; Optics and Laser Technology, Vol. 37 (2005), pp. 631-637.
Spalding I. J.; Which wavelength? How to select a suitable laser, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Lasers in Manufacturing, Steed, W. M. (Ed.), pp. 229-234, Birmingham, May 987, IFS Ltd, Bedford, (1987).
Folkes J. A.; Surface Coatings Technology, Vol. 63 (1994), pp. 65-71.
Dascalu T., Acosta-Ortiz S. E., Ortiz- Morales M., Compean I.; Removal of the indigo color by laser beam-denim interaction, Optics and Lasers Engineering, Vol. 34 (2000), pp. 179-189.
Ortiz/Morales M., Poterasu M., Acosta- Ortiz S. E., Compean I., Henandez- Alvarado M. R.; Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Vol. 39 (2003), pp. 15-24.
Arif Taner ÖZGÜNEY, Gonca ÖZÇELİK, Kadir ÖZKAYA; A Study on Specifying The Effect of Laser Fading Process on The Colour and Mechanical Properties of the Denim Fabrics, Volume: 19 Issue: 2 / APRIL - JUNE 2009.
C W Kan,* C W M Yuen and C W Cheng; Technical study of the effect of CO2 laser surface engraving on the colour properties ofdenim fabric, doi: 10.1111/j.1478-4408.2010.00270.x.
Shirin Nourbakhsh * and Ali Ashjaran; Laser Treatment of Cotton Fabric for Durable Antibacterial Properties of Silver Nanoparticles, Materials 2012, 5, 1247-1257; doi:10.3390/ma5071247.
Sheila Shahidi , Bahareh Moazzenchi & Mahmood Ghoranneviss (2013) Improving the dyeability of polypropylene fabrics using laser technology, Journal of The Textile Institute, 104:10, 1113-1117, DOI:10.1080/00405000.2013.774946.
Marie Štěpánková, Jakub Wiener, Josef Dembický; Impact of Laser Thermal Stress on Cotton Fabric, FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2010, Vol. 18, No. 3 (80).
ISO 105-X12:2001 Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing.
AATCC Test Method 8, Colour fastness to Crocking.
ISO 105-B02:2013 Part B02: Colour fastness to artificial light: Xenon arc fading lamp test.
ISO 12945-2:2000, Textiles -- Determination of fabric propensity to surface fuzzing and to pilling.
ASTM D4966 – 98, Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Martindale Abrasion Tester Method).
ASTM D4966 Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics.
ASTM D4970-05, Standard Test Method for Pilling Resistance and Other Related Surface Changes of Textiles Fabrics (Martindale Pressure Tester Method).
ISO 12947-2:1999 Textiles — Determination of the abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method. Determination of specimen breakdown.
ASTM D5034, Textile Breaking Strength and Elongation Testing.
ISO 13934-2: 2014, Textiles -- Tensile properties of fabrics -- Part 2: Determination of maximum force using the grab method.
ISO 13934-2:2014 Textiles -- Tensile properties of fabrics -- Part 2: Determination of maximum force using the grab method.
ASTM D1424 - 09(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Falling-Pendulum (Elmendorf-Type) Apparatus.
ISO 13937-2:2000, Textiles -- Tear properties of fabrics -- Part 2: Determination of tear force of trouser-shaped test specimens (Single tear method).
ISO 12945-2:2000, Textiles -- Determination of fabric propensity to surface fuzzing and to pilling -- Part 2: Modified Martindale method of fabrics by the Martindale method —. Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown. TC 44.