Study of Rice Processing System Life Cycle
Science Discovery
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 276-282
Received: Jun. 6, 2017; Published: Jun. 6, 2017
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Authors
Liting Ge, School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
Qingxin Fan, School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
Yang Song, School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
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Abstract
This study attempts to evaluate the environmental impact of rice processing system (raw materials acquisition, paddy processing, packaging, transportation and by-product recycle) with the application of GaBi6.0 software and CML2001-Jan.2016 model, primary data were collected from an agricultural group in the northeast China. The results that the life cycle total environmental impact is 4.35×10-6, and Global Warming Potential causes the largest damage on environment with the contribution of 66.58% of the total environmental impact potential. Followed by Freshwater Aquatic Ecotoxicity Potential, with the contribution proportion of 18.68%. The rice planting stage is the main steps of an impact on the environment, with the contribution proportion of 88.4%. Improving the way of irrigation, regulating fertilizers and pesticides can diminish the environmental impact of the whole system.
Keywords
Rice, Life Cycle Assessment, GaBi6.0 Software, Environmental Impact
To cite this article
Liting Ge, Qingxin Fan, Yang Song, Study of Rice Processing System Life Cycle, Science Discovery. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 276-282. doi: 10.11648/j.sd.20170504.16
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