The Integration of Courtyards Parks, and Communities Under the Background of "Danwei Community"—In Case of Hanzhoung Road- West Beijing Road Area in Nanjing
Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2018, Pages: 555-573
Received: Dec. 26, 2018;
Published: Dec. 27, 2018
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Huang Xiaoqing, Department of Urban and Rural Planning, School of Architecture, Southeast University, Nanjing, China
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"Danwei community" is a land use mode and social form formed by the land policy of state-owned land and free allocation in the planned economy era in China, which includes science, education, culture and ancillary facilities. Up to now, "Danwei community" provides public services for the city, however because of its unique traditional land use patterns, it has brought the state of partition of patches and blocks. Taking the Hanzhong Road-Beijing West Road area in Nanjing as an example, this paper finds that there are many types of unit courtyards with long history and various functions in the site, showing different block texture from the traditional old urban area in Nanjing. The independent state of development and the function of continuous development and change of unit courtyard bring about the space of differentiation and closure between plots. Because the resource endowment has not been fully utilized and the development state of overall spatial differentiation, the self-organization law of urban space has been greatly interfered, and the function of urban spatial location has been seriously affected. The process of exertion and evolution will eventually affect the normal development and comprehensive effects. This paper chooses the most representative "Danwei community" area in Nanjing as the research object, takes "The integration of courtyards parks, and communities" as the goal, analyses and summarizes the characteristics of the unique social and ecological elements of the site, and puts forward a new healthy community service mode relying on the advantages of comprehensive medical services and University resources, and taking the open space as the media promotes the spatial integration of three office units, residential communities and parks.
Unit Courtyard, Historical Elements, Spatial Form, Function Orientation, Renewal Strategy
To cite this article
The Integration of Courtyards Parks, and Communities Under the Background of "Danwei Community"—In Case of Hanzhoung Road- West Beijing Road Area in Nanjing, Science Discovery.
Vol. 6, No. 6,
2018, pp. 555-573.