Volume 3, Issue 2-1, April 2015, Pages: 1-6
Received: Nov. 7, 2014;
Accepted: Nov. 10, 2014;
Published: Nov. 22, 2014
Views 3787 Downloads 195
Svetlana Amirova, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Department of Molecular and Chemical Physics, Dolgoprudny, Moscow region, Russia
Tamara Tulaikova, Wave Research Center at A. M. Prokhorov’s General Physics Institute, Moscow, Russia
Our approach incorporates the possibility of stepwise CO2 purification in areas of the free atmosphere by spraying of alkaline compounds inside the clouds via an airplane. It causes significantly increases of the СО2 solubility in rain droplets during their gravitational fall to provide the effective carbon transport to the ground. Presented calculations show a considerable increase of the gas/water interface for perfect CO2 absorption. This future technology can compensate for annual carbon emission by method application at 0.42% – 0.14% of our planet surface.
One Possibility for Atmosphere CO2 Purification to Get Climate Recovery, Science Discovery. Special Issue: New Technical Ideas for Climate Recovery.
Vol. 3, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 1-6.
IPCC, 2014: Summary for Policymakers, In: “Climate Change 2014, Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change”, Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds). (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 2014).
Kleidon, A., Malhi, Y. and Cox, P.M.: Maximum entropy production in environmental and ecological systems introduction. Philos. T R Soc. B, 365, 1297-1302, 2010.
Shepherd, J.,: Geoengineering the climate: science, governance and uncertainty (The Royal Society, London, 2009).
Langmuir, L., and Schaefer, V.J.: Improved methods of conditioning surfaces for adsorption. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 59, 1762-1763, 19375.
Rauber, R.M., Steven, J.: Rain in shallow cumulus over the ocean. BAMS, 88, 1912-1928, 2007.
Mather, G.K., and D.F. Terblanche, 1997: Results of South African cloud - seeding experiments using hygroscopic flares. J. Appl. Meteorology, 36, 1433-1447.
Shmeter, S.M., and Beryulev, G.P.: Efficiency of cloud and precipitation modification with hygroscopic aerosols. Rus. Meteorology and Hydrology, 2, 43-60, 2005.
Daly, Ch. and Gibson, W.P.: Observation bias in daily precipitation measurements at United States cooperative network stations. BAMS, 88, 899-912, 2007.
Fuchs, N.A.: The Mechanics of Aerosols. Pergamon, New York, 1964.
Tulaikova, T.V., et al.,: Acoustic rains (Physmathbook, Moscow, 2010).
Yunge, H.: Chemical compounds and radio-activity in atmosphere (Clarendon, Oxford, 1965).
Rasool, S.I., ed: Chemistry of the lower atmosphere (Plenum, New York, 1973).
Machida, T., Kita, K., and al : Vertical and meridional distributions of the atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio between northern midlatitudes and southern subtropics. J. of Geophysical Research, 108, NO. D3, 8401, doi:10.1029/2001JD000910 , 2003.
Sillen, L.G., ed.: Stability constants of metal-ion complexes, Reference book (Chemical society, London, 1964).
Hoover, T.E., and Berkshire, D.C.: CO2 exchange at the air-sea interface. J. Geoph.Res., 74, 456-464, 1969.
Liss, P.S.,: Processes of gas exchange analysis an air-water interface. Deep-Sea Res., 20, 221-238, 1973.
Broecher, H.C., and Peterman J.: The influence of wind on CO2 exchange in a wind-water tunnel including the effect of minelayers. J.Mar. Res., 36, 595-610, 1978.
Wanninkhof, R., and Knox, M.: Chemical enhancement of CO2 exchange in natural water. Limnol. Oceanogr., 41, 689-687, 1996.
Kobayashi, S., T. Oguchi, S. Tanelli and E. Im., 2007: Backscattering enhancement on spheroid-shaped hydrometeors: Considerations in water and ice particles of uniform size and Marshall-Palmer distributed rains. Radio Science, 42, doi:10.1029/2006RS003503
Borovikov, A.M., 1961: Physics of clouds. Hydromet-press, Leningrad, Russia.
Tulaikova, T., and Amirova, S.: The effective possibility for atmosphere CO2 purification (Lap-Lambert, Germany, 2012).