Physico - Microbiological and Chemical Examination of Domestic Water Used by the College of Agriculture Community, Maiduguri, North– Eastern Nigeria
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 63-68
Received: May 17, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 4, 2014; Published: Jun. 20, 2014
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Authors
Gwana, A. M., Laboratory Unit, Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, P.M.B. 1427, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Bako, M. M., Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Auwal, M. S., Department of veterinary Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Bagudu, B. Y., Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria
Kadai, K. I., Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, P.M.B. 1427, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Sadiq, A. B., Department of Biochemistry, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri Nigeria
Halima, M. B., Department of Basic Science, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, P.M.B. 1427, Maiduguri, Nigeria
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Abstract
This study was conducted on physico – microbiological and chemical examination of domestic water used by the community, College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, North – Eastern Nigeria. 200mls of water samples were randomly collected from seven stations. Methods been applied are physical, microbiological and chemical techniques as described by Cheesbrough, (2010) and AOAC, (1990). Physical parametric values were obtained and falls within the W.H.O. recommended standard values, except one station, in term of turbidity. Presumption coliform count, confirmatory total coliform test, plate count yielded Coliform and Escherichia coli count which exceeded therecommended values. Aerobicmesophilic bacterial count was performed, and met the recommended values limit for safe drinking water. No parasites found from examinat-ion of the water sampled. Elements determined in the water sampled exceeded the W.H.O recommended standard values; chromium in stations E (0.06 mg/l), lead (0.02 mg/l) and G (0.06 mg/l), manganese in stations A (0.25 mg/l), B (0.17 mg/l) and G (0.13 mg/l), which make the water unwholesome for consumption. Data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis, found significance. Conclusively, water used by this community is found fit for consumption in terms of both physical and parasites free, but, unfit in terms of faecal and some chemicals contamination. Government, NGOs or any authority concerned should assist and build more bore holes with PVC pipes for safe water distributions, communities should be enlightened on the sanitary measures, safe drinking water and it hygienic purification.
Keywords
Chemical, Community, Physical, Parametric, Domestic Water, Microbiological
To cite this article
Gwana, A. M., Bako, M. M., Auwal, M. S., Bagudu, B. Y., Kadai, K. I., Sadiq, A. B., Halima, M. B., Physico - Microbiological and Chemical Examination of Domestic Water Used by the College of Agriculture Community, Maiduguri, North– Eastern Nigeria, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 63-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsts.20140204.11
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