International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 186-189
Received: Oct. 10, 2014;
Accepted: Nov. 21, 2014;
Published: Nov. 24, 2014
Views 2699 Downloads 179
Effiong Bartholomew Nyong, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Fakunle Janet Olubunmi, Department of Fisheries Technology, Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, New Bussa, Nigeria
The effect of storage on the nutritional composition of pelleted fish feed as well as the anti-nutritional components was studied using two commercially formulated feeds: Coppens (exotic) and vital (local) feeds. Feed samples were purchased and monitored in storage at ambient temperature forth nightly for 6 weeks using standard procedures. Result obtained showed reduction in feed quality as the storage period increased with significant difference (P > 0.05) in all nutrient components studied (moisture, protein, lipid, ash, crude fibre and nitrogen free extract).There was however no significant difference (P>0.05) between the nutritional components of feed samples during the storage period. Anti-nutritional components detected in feed samples were oxalate, phytate and tannins with phytate having the highest values in both feed samples.
Effiong Bartholomew Nyong,
Fakunle Janet Olubunmi,
Effect of Storage and Anti-Nutritional Components in Stored Pelleted Fish Feed, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2014, pp. 186-189.
AOAC (1990) Official methods of Analysis. Association Of Official Analytical Chemists, Inc, Washington DC, USA.
Abowei, J.F.N and Tawari, C.C (2011) Some Basic principles of fish processing in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(6): 437-452.
Bautista, M. N., P.F; Subosa and R.L. Celia (1992) Effects of antioxidants on feed quality and growth of Penaeus monodon juvenile. J. Sci. Food Agric 1: 55 – 60
Brown, D.I (2009) Aflatoxins: Occurrence and Health risk. In: Plant Poisonous to livestock. Publication of Department of Animal Science, Cornell University.
Chow, K.W (1980) Storage problems of feedstuff. Fish Feed Technology.Chap.13:pp216-244
Cockerell,I Francis B.and Haliday, D.(1971) Changes in the nutritive value of concentrate feedstuffs during storage. Proceedings of conference of Feed Resources and Improvement of Animal feeding methods in the CENTO Region countries, Tropical Products Institute, London,pp.181-192.
Effiong, B. N and Alatise, S.P (2009) Effect of mold infested feeds on the growth and survival of Heterobranchus longifils. Report and Opinion. 1(3) pp 9-14.
Effiong, B.N and Sanni, A (2010) Antifungal properties and phytochemical screening of crude extract of Lemna pauciscoststa (Helgelm) against fish feed spoilage fungi. Life Science Journal 7 (3):1-4.
FAO/IAEA (2000) Quantification of tanins in tree foliage. A laboratory manual for the FAO/IAEA Co-ordinated research project on ‘use of nuclear and related techniques to develop simple tannin assays for predicting and improving the safety and efficiency of feeding ruminants on tanniferous tree foliage’. Available at:http://www.-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/aph/public/pubd31022manual-tannin.pdf.
Francis, G; Makkar, H.P.S and Becker, K (2001) Anti-nutritional factors present in plant derived alternate fish ingredients and their effects in fish.Aquaculture.Vol.199 (3-4) pp197-227
Friedman, L; and Shibko, S.I (1972) Non-nutrient components of the diet in fish nutrition; I.E. Halver, Ed. Academic press, New York Pp 182-255
Hamilton, P.B (1989) The chemistry of rancidity in foods In: Rancidity in foods (2nd Ed.) Allen, J.C and Hamilton, R. J. Elsevier Applied science. London and New York.
Jones, F. (1987) Controlling mould growth in feeds. Feeds International.8:20-29.
Lim, H.A;W.K,Ng;S.L Lim and C.O Ibrahim(2008) Contamination of palm kernel meal with Aspergillus flavus affects its nutritive value in pelleted feed feed for Tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. Aquaculture Research. Vol 32.Issue11:895-905
Makkar, H. P.S and Becker, K (1999a) Plants toxins and detoxification methods to improve feed quality of tropical seeds: Review. Asian – Aus .J. Animal Science. 12(3) 467-480
Makkar, H. P.S and Becker, K (1999a) Nutritional studies on rats and fish (Carp Cyprinus carpio) fed diets containing unheated and heated Jatropha curcas meal of a non- toxic provenance. Plants food Hum. Nutri. 53: 183-192
Nwabueze, A.A and R.O Nwabueze (2011) Microbial flora of fish feeds sold in Asaba, Southern Nigeria. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 1(2):27-32
Nwachukwu, C.O (1988) Microbiology of pepper (C.annum) and the efficacy of some local methods of preservation. M.Sc Thesis. Biological Sciences. UniIlorin.
Oloke, J.K; Komolafe, D.O and Erhrun, W.O (1988) The antimicrobial and antifungal activities of certain components of Aframonium meleguets fruits.Fitoterapia.59 (5)384-388.
Ramezanzadeh, F.M., R.M. Rao; M. Windhauser, W. Prinyawwatkul; R.Tully and W.E Marshall (1999) Prevention of hydrolytic rancidity in rice bran during storage. J. Agric. Food chemistry; 47: 3050-3052.
Russo, J. R; Yanong, R.P.E (2006) Molds in fish feeds and aflatoxicosis. Fact sheet FA-95 Department of fisheries and Aquatic sciences (SFRC) Florida. Cooperative Extension Inst. Food Agric.Sci. University Florida
Ruiz, J.A; A.M Perez-Vendreli and E.Estere- Garcia (2000) Effect of deitary iron and copper on performance and oxidative stability in broiler leg meat. Br. Poult. Sci. 41; 163-167
Sander, T.A (1989) Nutritional Aspect of rancidity in: Rancidity in food (2nd Ed.) Allen, I.C and Hamilton. R. J. Elsevier Applied Science. London and New York.
Van den Berghe; C.H; P.O. Abouagniou and E.K. Deka (1990) The effect of antioxidant and mold inhibitor on feed quality and the performance of broilers under tropical conditions. Trop.Sci.; 30: 5-13