Peat Resources, Condition of Deposition as Well as their Utilization, Hakaluki Haor, Moulvibazar and Sylhet District, Bangladesh
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 210-215
Received: Dec. 3, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 25, 2014; Published: Jan. 4, 2015
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Authors
Mohammed Masum, Geological Survey of Bangladesh, 153 Pioneer Road, Shegunbagicha, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Omer Faruk Khan, Geological Survey of Bangladesh, 153 Pioneer Road, Shegunbagicha, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Nazwanul Haque, Geological Survey of Bangladesh, 153 Pioneer Road, Shegunbagicha, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Faruk Hasan, Geological Survey of Bangladesh, 153 Pioneer Road, Shegunbagicha, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Anwar Sadat Md. Sayem, Geological Survey of Bangladesh, 153 Pioneer Road, Shegunbagicha, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Azhar Hossain Assistant Director, Geological Survey of Bangladesh, 153 Pioneer Road, Shegunbagicha, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Abstract
The study area is the Hakaluki Haor which is the second largest wet land of Bangladesh. It spans over the districts of Moulvibazar and Sylhet in southeast Bangladesh. The study was focused in the exploration of peat reserve, reconstruction of the paleo-environment as well as the utilization of the peat resources. Peat is found randomly from 0.5 m to 7 m below the surface and 1 m to 11 m thickness at over 40 beels as well as small plain lands of 90 km2 area of Hakaluki Haor. The total reserve of peat is 282 million ton in wet condition and 112 million ton in dry condition. Peat bearing Hakaluki Haor is a low-lying wet land which geological term is synclinal depression. It may be a syncline between two anticlines which was filled with sediments as well as various plant materials derived from the hilly region (anticline) on both sides (west and east) of the Haor. On the other hand vegetation occurred in this depression as aquatic plants which might have been destroyed by large natural disasters or any tectonic reason. As environment dictates the characteristics and the source of sediments, various aspects of the sediment are indicators of condition of peat deposition. Peat has mainly industrial importance as a fuel for power production, traditionally used for cooking, domestic heating and in brick fields, also used as insulator in many industries, agricultural purposes, retaining moisture in soil, raw material in horticulture and colour industries etc. Power plants of about 100 MW capacities may be established in this region based on peat of Hakaluki Haor which may be continued more than one hundred years.
Keywords
Haor, Beel, Deposition, Environment and Peat
To cite this article
Mohammed Masum, Mohammad Omer Faruk Khan, Md. Nazwanul Haque, Md. Faruk Hasan, Anwar Sadat Md. Sayem, Md. Azhar Hossain Assistant Director, Peat Resources, Condition of Deposition as Well as their Utilization, Hakaluki Haor, Moulvibazar and Sylhet District, Bangladesh, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 210-215. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsts.20140206.18
References
[1]
Masum, M. Haq, N, M. Sayem. A. M. Rana, R. M. Sheikh, R. M. and Paul, K, A. 2012: Report on Exploration of Peat at 4000 hectre area of Bijoynagar upazila, B, Baria district. GSB, Unpublished report
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