Please enter verification code
Confirm
The Impact of Gas Flaring in Nigeria
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 40-50
Received: Feb. 9, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 26, 2015; Published: Mar. 4, 2015
Views 3299      Downloads 402
Authors
Omoniyi Omotayo Adewale, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Ubale Mustapha, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Nowadays, petroleum hydrocarbons are widely used as fuels for energy and power generation. However, the production of such fuels complements the flaring of gas in Nigeria. Therefore, this research investigates the various ways in which gas flaring affects the populace of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, which is the bedrock of Nigeria’s current oil and gas resources. Also, the research work attempts to offer solutions on how a feasible and reliable gas industry and market can be developed in Nigeria. The research makes use of literatures relevant to gas flaring, and a questionnaire was distributed to three states namely; AkwaI bom, Rivers and Bayelsa. To figure out the environmental, social and economic impacts of gas flaring in those areas, a thorough research led to findings that gas flaring causes health problems for the people, a damaged and unsustainable environment, as well as socio-economic problems. Furthermore, the research shows recommendations for solutions on the development of a viable gas industry, and also economic prospects in relation to the development of a proper gas plan in Nigeria.
Keywords
Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Oil and Gas, Gas Flaring, Environment, Income, Health
To cite this article
Omoniyi Omotayo Adewale, Ubale Mustapha, The Impact of Gas Flaring in Nigeria, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 40-50. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsts.20150302.12
References
[1]
Aghalino S. (2000) Petroleum Exploitation and Environmental Degradation in Nigeria. In: HI Jimoh, IP Ifabiyi (Eds.): Contemporary Issues in Environmental Studies. Ilorin: Haytee Press
[2]
Aghalino S (2009) Petroleum Exploitation and the Agitation for Compensation by Oil Mineral Producing Communities in Nigeria. Geo-Studies Forum, 1(1, 2): 11-20.
[3]
Argo, J (2001) Unhealthy effects of upstream oil and gas flaring [Online], Available from: http://www.sierraclub.ca/national/oil-and-gas-exploration/soss-oil-and-gas-flaring.pdf[Accessed: 28.7.2012]
[4]
Ashton, N., Arnott, S., and Douglas, O. (1999) The Human Ecosystems of the Niger Delta – An ERA handbook. Lagos: Environmental Rights Action.
[5]
Awosika, F., Osuntogun, C., Oyewo, O. and Awobamise, A, (2001) Development and Protection of the Coastal and Marine Environment in Sub sahara Africa: Report of the Nigeria Integrated Problem Analysis
[6]
Ayodele, A. (1998) Improving and Sustaining Power (electricity) ‘Supply for Socio-economic Development in Nigeria’. Bulhon Publication of CBN 36, 38–58.
[7]
Davies, P. (2001) The New Challenge of Natural Gas. Paper presented at ‘‘OPEC and the Global Energy Balance: Towards a Sustainable Future’’, Vienna, September 28, 10-11
[8]
Dibia, B. (2011) The Impact of Gas Flaring in Nigeria. Unpublised MSc thesis. Coventry: Coventry University.
[9]
ESMAP (2001) African gas Initiative: main report. [Online], Available from: http://www.worldbank.org/html/fpd/energy/ AGI/240-01 %20Africa%20Gas%20Initiative%20Main%20Report.pdf[Accessed: 26.7.2012]
[10]
Ezzati, M. and Kammen, D (2002) ‘Household energy, indoor air pollution, and health developing countries: knowledge base for effective interventions’. Annual Reviews Energy and Environment 27: 233-270.
[11]
Farina, M. F. (2010) Flare Gas Reduction: Recent Global Trends and Policy Considerations. Oak Park: General Energy Company.
[12]
GGFR (2002) Report on Consultations with Stakeholders. World Bank Group in collaboration with the Government of Norway [online] Available from: http://www.worldbank.org/ogmc/files/global_gas_flaring_initiative.pdf[Accessed: 01.08.2012]
[13]
Human Development Report (2011) [online] available from: http://hdr.undp.org/en/ [Accessed: 29.7.2012]
[14]
Ishione, M (2004) GasFlaring in the Niger Delta: the Potential Benefits of its Reduction on the Local Economy and Environment [Online], Available from: http://nature.berkeley.edu/classes/es196/projects/2004final/Ishone.pdf[Accessed: 24.7.2012]
[15]
Kamalu, O.J., and Wokocha, C.C (2010) 'Lan resource Inventory and Ecological Vulnerability; Assessment of Onne Area in Rivers State, Nigeria'. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Science 3(5) 438-447
[16]
Madueme, S (2010) “Economic Analysis of Wastages in the Nigerian Gas Industry”. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology 2(4), 618-624
[17]
Madueme S (2010) Gas flaring activities of major oil companies in Nigeria: An economic investigation. InternationalJournal of Engineering and Technology, 2(4): 610-617.
[18]
Natural gas (2011) History [online], Available from: http://www.naturalgas.org/overview/history.asp[Accessed: 25.7.2012]
[19]
Odumugbo, C (2010) Natural Gas Utilisation in Nigeria: Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering 2(6) 310-316.
[20]
Opukri, O., and Ibaba, S. (2008) “Oil Induced Environmental Degradation and Internal Population Displacement in the Nigeria’s Niger Delta”.Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 10 (1), 173-193
[21]
Sonibare, A., and Akeredolu, A (2006) “Natural Gas Domestic Market Development for Total Elimination of Routine Flares in Nigeria's Upstream Petroleum Operations”. Energy Policy34 (6), 743-753.
[22]
Svalheim, S. (2005) Norwegian initiative for responsible, environmentally-friendly gas management, Published by the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate [online] Available from: http://www.npd.no/cgibin/MsmGo.exe?grab_id=24&EXTRA_ARG=&CFGNAME=MssFindEN%2Ecfg&host_id=42&page_id=4285184&query=gas+flaring&hiword=gas+flaring+ [Accessed: 25.7.2012]
[23]
Vatn, A. (2005) Institutions and the Environment. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited
[24]
World Bank (2010) [online], Available from: http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTSDNET/0,,contentMDK:22679372~menuPK:64885113~pagePK:7278667~piPK:64911824~theSitePK:5929282,00.html[Accessed: 25.7.2012]
[25]
World Bank 2011, October 2003 [online], Available from: http://go.worldbank.org/ARNU3Z3BR0 [Accessed: 25.7.2012]
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186