Estimation of Radon Concentration in Soil Samples from Cameron Highlands, Malaysia
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages: 9-12
Received: Mar. 24, 2017;
Accepted: Mar. 29, 2017;
Published: Apr. 15, 2017
Views 2039 Downloads 162
Murtadha Shakir. Aswood, Department of Physics, College of Education, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Al-Qadisiya, Iraq
Mohamad Sahimi. Jaafar, School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
Najeba Salih, Department of Physics, College of Science, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University, Koya, Iraq
Concentrations of radon have been estimated in agricultural soil in Cameron Highlands in Pahang, Malaysia. CR-39 plastic track detectors are used to measure concentration of radon rate in the soil samples. Results reveal that the mean radon concentrations in agricultural soil collected from Cameron Highlands are 198.44 ± 59.44 Bq m-3. These concentrations are below than the action levels of 200 - 600 Bq m-3 as recommended by ICRP. According to the results, the areas of study are safe and do not pose health risks to the population in those areas, and thus the soil can be used for construction materials.
Murtadha Shakir. Aswood,
Mohamad Sahimi. Jaafar,
Estimation of Radon Concentration in Soil Samples from Cameron Highlands, Malaysia, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2017, pp. 9-12.
Adams, V. D., 1991. Water and Wastewater examination manual, Lewis Publishers Inc, USA.
Al-Nafiey, M. S. and Bauk, S. B., 2012. Design and Fabrication of New Radon Chamber for Radon Calibration Factor of Measurement. International Journal of Scientific e Engineering Research, 3 (10).
Al-Nafiey, M. S., Jaafar, M. S. and Bauk, S., 2014. Measuring radon concentration and toxic elements in the irrigation water of the agricultural areas in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana, 43 (2), pp. 227-231.
Aswood, M. S., Jaafar, M. S. and Bauk, S., 2013. Assessment of radionuclide transfer from soil to vegetables in farms from Cameron Highlands and Penang,(Malaysia) using neutron activation analysis. Applied Physics Research, 5 (5), p.85.
Aswood, M. S., Jaafar, M. S. and Bauk, S., 2014, June. Measuring Radon Concentration Levels in Fertilizers Using CR-39 Detector. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 925, pp. 610-613).
Rafique, M., Rahman, S. U., Mahmood, T., Rahman, S. and Rehman, S. U., 2011. Radon exhalation rate from soil, sand, bricks, and sedimentary samples collected from Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 52(4), pp. 450-457.
Saad, A. F., Abdallah, R. M. and Hussein, N. A., 2013. Radon exhalation from Libyan soil samples measured with the SSNTD technique. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 72, pp. 163-168.
UNSCEAR, 2000. Report to the General Assembly with Scientific Annexes, United Nations. Annexure B. pp. 84-156.
Mahur, A. K., Gupta, M., Varshney, R., Sonkawade, R. G., Verma, K. D., & Prasad, R. (2013). Radon exhalation and gamma radioactivity levels in soil and radiation hazard assessment in the surrounding area of National Thermal Power Corporation, Dadri (UP), India. Radiation Measurements, 50, 130-135.
Rafique, M., Rahman, S. U., Mahmood, T., Rahman, S., & Rehman, S. U. (2011). Radon exhalation rate from soil, sand, bricks, and sedimentary samples collected from Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 52 (4), 450-457.
Abd-Elzaher, M. (2012). An Overview on studying 222Rn Exhalation Rates using Passive Technique Solid-State Nuclear Track Detectors. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 9 (10). 1653-1659.
Binns, D. A. C., Figueiredo, N., Melo, V. P., & Gouvea, V. A. (1998). Radon-222 measurements in a uranium-prospecting area in Brazil. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 38 (2), 249-254.
ICRP, International Commission on Radiological Protection, (1993). International Commission on Radiological Protection for Protection against Radon at home and at work. ICRP publication 65, Pergamon Press, oxford, UK.
NCRP, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, (1984). Exposures from the Uranium Series with Emphasis on Radon and Its Daughters, NCRP Report No. 77 Bethesda, Maryland.
UNSCEAR, (2000). United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effect of Atomic Radiation Sources, Effects and Risks of Ionizing Radiation. Report to the General Assembly, with Scientific Annexes, United Nations, New York.