Perceived Effect of Households’ Socio-economic Variables on the Academic Performance of Junior Secondary School Students in CCA in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 87-92
Received: Jan. 12, 2019;
Accepted: Mar. 30, 2019;
Published: Dec. 4, 2019
Views 445 Downloads 140
Kwando Alhassan Saidu, Department of Visual and Performing Arts, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Hajja Mama Ali, Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Umar Suleiman College of Education, Gashua, Nigeria
The study examined the effects of households’ socio-economic variables on junior secondary school students’ academic performance in CCA in University of Maiduguri Demonstration Secondary School and El-Kanemi Islamic College of Theology, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Survey and ex-post facto research design work was used to collect data on student socio-economic background and their academic performance respectively. Using stratified and purposive sampling techniques, 510 students and 5 CCA’s teachers were selected. Structured questionnaires were used for data collection. Therefore, a total of 515 respondents formed the sample of the study. The data were analysed using inferential statistics to determine the effects of households’ socio-economic variables on students’ academic performance. Results from the study showed that households’ socio-economic variables have significant effect on students’ academic performance in CCA in University of Maiduguri Demonstration Secondary School and El-Kanemi Islamic College of Theology. Therefore, the researchers recommended that government should provide some incentives that will encourage more students to enroll for formal education, such as scholarships, provide free transportation to school for students, establish schools for adult education and encourage couples to imbibe family planning.
Kwando Alhassan Saidu,
Hajja Mama Ali,
Perceived Effect of Households’ Socio-economic Variables on the Academic Performance of Junior Secondary School Students in CCA in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society.
Vol. 7, No. 6,
2019, pp. 87-92.
Adamu, S., & Dikko, S. (2017). The influence of family socio-economic status on the academic achievement of secondary school students in computer studies in Bauchi metropolis of Bauchi State Nigeria. Impact: International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Literature, 5 (7), 123-142.
Adewale, A. M. (2002). Implication of parasitic infections on school performance among school-age children in Ilorin. Ilorin Journal of Science Education, Vol. 2, 78-81.
Akhtar, Z., & Niazi, H. K. (2011). The relationship between socioeconomic status and learning achievements of students at secondary school level. International Journal of Academic Research, Vol. 3, 956-961.
Aikens, N. L., & Barbarin, O. (2008). Socioeconomic differences in reading trajectories: The contribution of family, neighbourhood and school contexts. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100 (2), 235-251.
Amoo, T. B. (2017). Perceived effects of parental socio-economic status on students' academic performance among teachers in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State. Unpublished thesis at Faculty of Education, National Open University of Nigeria.
Astuti, Y. (2017). Assessment Concept of Geographical Skills on Senior High School in Indonesia. American Journal of Educational Research, 5 (8), 879-886.
Baharudin, Rozumah and Tom Luster. 1998. Factors related to the quality of the home environment and children’s achievement. Journal of Family Issues. 19 (4), 375-403.
Barry, J. (2006). The effect of socio-economic status on academic achievement. Retrieved from Wichita State University website, https://soar.wichita.edu/browse?value=Barry%2C+Jennifer&type=author
Coley, R. J. (2002). An uneven start: Indicators of inequality in school readiness. Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Downey, D. (1995). When bigger is not better: Family size, Parental resources and Children's Educational performance. American Sociological Review, 60 (5), 746-761.
Eamon, Mary. Keegan. (2005). Socialdemographic, school, neighborhood, and parenting influences on academic achievement of Latino young adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescenc, 34 (2), 163-175.
Ella, R. E., Odok, A. O., & Ella, G. E. (2015). Influence of family size and family type on academic performance of students in Government in Calabar municipality, Cross River State, Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education, 2 (11), 108-114.
Farooq, M. S., Chaudhry, A. H., Shafiq, M., & Berhanu, G. (2011). Factors affecting students' quality of academic performance: A case of secondary school level. Journal of Quality and Technology Management, 5 (2), 1-14.
Gooding, Y. (2001). The relationship between parental educational level and academic success of College freshmen. Retrieved from Iowa State University website, http://lib.dr.iastate.edu.rtd/429
Hochschild, Jennifer L. 2003. Social Class in Public Schools. Journal of Social Issues 59 (4), 821-840.
Jeynes, William H. (2002). Examining the effects of parental absence on the academic achievement of adolescents: the challenge of controlling for family income. Journal of Family and Economic Issues 23 (2).
Khan, R., Iqbal, N., & Tasneem, S. (2015). The influence of Parents Educational level on Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in District Rajanpur. Journal of Education and Practice, 6 (16), 76-79.
Kumar, S., & Ahmad, S. (2008). Meaning, Aims and Process of Education. Retrieved from University of Delhi website, https://sol.du.ac.in/mod/resource/view.php?id=2689
Machebe, C., & Ifelunni, C. (2014). Influence of parental socio-economic status on academic achievement of students in selected schools in Nigeria: A case study of Enugu State. Journal of Education and Practice, 5 (2), 105-110.
Majoribanks, Kevin. 1996. Family Learning Environments ans Students’ Outcomes: A Review. Journal of Comparitive Family Studies 27 (2), 373-394.
McNeal, Ralph B. 2001. Differential effects of parental involvement on cognitive and behavioral outcomes by socioeconomic status. Journal os Socio-Economics 30 (2), 171.
Muruwei, M. (2011). Parents' level of education and Senior Secondary Students' Academic Performance in English Language in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Journal of Research in National Development, 9 (2), 302-305.
Ogunshola, F. & Adewale, A. (2012). The effects of parental socio-economic status on academic performance of students in selected schools in Edu Lga of Kwara State Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2 (7), 230-239.
Osonwa, O. K., Adejobi, A. O., Iyam, M. A., & Osonwa, R. H. (2013). Economic Status of parents, a determinant on academic performance of Senior Secondary School Students in Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 3 (1), 115-122.
Ozurumba, C. N., Briggs, A. E., Ebuara, V. O., & Emanghe, E. E. (2007). Parents' education and students' performance in educational statistics at Federal Capital Territory, Abuja Nigeria. Journal of Research in National Development, 5 (2), 10-10.
Rosado, C. (2000). The Meaning of Education or Why we do what we do?. Retrieved from http://www.rosado.net/articles.html
Seyfried, Sherri. F. 1998. Academic achievement of African American preadolescents: The influence of teacher perceptions. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26 (3), 381-402.
Shah, M., & Anwar, M. (2014). Impact of Parent's occupation and family income on Children's performance. International Journal of Research, 1 (9), 606-612.
Singh, A., & Vyast, J. (2014). The influence of socio-econonic status of parents and home environment on the study habits and academic achievement of students. International Research Journals, 5 (9), 348-352.
Sukhendra, L. (2015). Parental Occupation and Academic Achievement of High-School Students in India. The Journal of Educational Research, 60 (8), 359-362.
Turan, S. (2011). Plato's concept of education in 'republic' and Aristotle's concept of education in politics. Education and Science, 36 (162), 31-38.
Ugwuja, O. G. (2010). Influence of family background on the academic achievement of senior secondary school students in Nsukka educational zone of Enugu State. Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education. University of Nigeria Nsukka. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences
Usaini, M., & Abubakar, N. (2015). The impact of parents' occupation on academic performance of secondary school students in Kuala Terengganu. Multilingual Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 3 (1), 112-120.