Investigating the indicators of Sustainable Architecture in Traditional Desert Houses – A Case Study of Gonabad, Iran
International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, April 2015, Pages: 41-46
Received: Jan. 31, 2015;
Accepted: Feb. 1, 2015;
Published: Mar. 31, 2015
Views 3308 Downloads 151
Seyedeh Maryam Mojtabavi, Department of Architecture, Asrar Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, Iran
Mohammad Taghi Validad, Department of Architecture, Asrar Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, Iran
The traditional architecture of historic cities in Iran teaches us many lessons about the local architecture. For instance, the techniques used in designing the open spaces of desert cities are of significance considering the fact that they have made life possibility comfortable and sustainable for thousands of years despite the harsh and inconvenient conditions of these areas. In this article, we will discuss the principles of sustainable architecture and, also, assess the climatic factors in traditional houses of the desert town of Gonabad. The buildings were investigated with a comparative method using principles of sustainability. Using these experiences can be of usefulness in rebuilding residential areas. At the end, we concluded that traditional architecture, unlike modern buildings, has been very successful and we can benefit from applying their techniques to new designs because of their efficient use of climatic factors and natural resources.
Seyedeh Maryam Mojtabavi,
Mohammad Taghi Validad,
Investigating the indicators of Sustainable Architecture in Traditional Desert Houses – A Case Study of Gonabad, Iran, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Special Issue: Research and Practice in Architecture and Urban Studies in Developing Countries.
Vol. 3, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 41-46.
Coch H (1996), "Bioclimatism in vernacular architecture. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews; 2(1–2): pp. 67–87
Pourderhami, “Construction consistent with the climate”, Safe quarterly, 9th year, ed. 27. 1999, pp.62–71.
Building rules and regulations organization, “national building regulations: Economizing on use of energy” sect.19ths. Tehran: Ministry of urbanization, 2006.
F. Saflaiey “Sustainability of national elements in Iranian traditional architecture” ,3rd international Conference of optimization of fuel use, 2003.
Vale, B. and R. Value, (1996) Green Architecture: Design for a Sustainable Future, London: Thames & Hudson Ltd.
H. Mojtabavi, Gonabad’s geographical history, ed.1st, Mashhad, Marandiz press, 1995.
M. Papaliyazdi, Gonabad’s Aqueduct as a myth, ed.1st, Khorasan Sahambi Ab co. press, 2000.
Gh. Yazdi, A. Keivanlushahrestanaki, “Identification of educational needs in rural areas,” Jahad sazandegi press, 1991.
Z. Ahmadi, “Contextualizing the sustainable architecture” Sustainable architecture Conf. , Azad university press, 2009.
M. Bahadorinezhad, M. Yaghubi, “Natural cooling in traditional houses in Iran” ed.1st, Tehran: University center press, 2006.
K. Pirnia, “Stylistics in Iranian architecture’ ed.6th, Tehran: Sorush Danesh press, 2008.
A. Ghafari, “The structure of form and establishment of sustainable development in urbanization and architecture” Saffe Mag, vol. 34, Spring and Summer 2002. .
F. Ahmadi, “City,home,central yard” Saffe mag., vol. 41, Fall and Winter 2005.
S. Eftekharzadeh, “Spacial recovery, turning a building to a home”, Architectural quartly, vol. 6. Summer 2005.
F. Kateb, “Architecture in Iranian houses” ministry of culure and Islanic guidance, Tehran: Print and publication co., 2005.
A. Arvin, M. Niazi, “Kashan’s historical houses, and their regional architecture and features” KashanShenakht quartly, vol. 3, Spring and Summer 2006.
Carmona, matthew, healt, tim,Oc,taner, tiesdell,steve,2003,”public places, urban spaces, oxford, architectural press
R. Taghadosi, “An investigation of design principles amd urban sustainability”, architecture and urbanization students conf., Tehran: Farhangestan Honar press 2002.
R. Sheikhbiglu, J. Muhammadi, “Analysis of regional elements of winding and raining based on a case study of Isfahan city” Geography and environmental planning mag., year. 21, vol. 39, 2010
M. Noghsan Muhammadi, F. Dehghan, M. Montazeri, “Designing modern localist city environment: a reconciliation of development and sustainability using localist designs in streets of Yazd city” vol. 2, 2012.
H. Zamarshidi, “Iranian architecture using traditional materials” vol. 10, Tehran: Zomorod press, 2008
Kenyang, “Ecologic design in green architecture” (S. Zangane, Trans.) Abadi Journal, vol. 42, 2004