International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Volume 4, Issue 2-1, March 2016, Pages: 1-7
Received: Jun. 30, 2015;
Accepted: Aug. 21, 2015;
Published: Jan. 20, 2017
Views 3151 Downloads 87
Dickson Kinoti Kibetu, Department of Arts and Humanities, Chuka University, Chuka, Kenya
Daniel Muchiri, Department of Spatial Planning, Galaxy Geo Services, Embu, Kenya
In Kenya, many local authorities face uphill challenges in dealing with wastes especially volume reduction and proper disposal. There is minimal solid waste segregation and recycling further compounding the problem of open dumping. The study’s objective was to identify suitable areas to consider for the construction of a multi-purpose waste transfer and recovery facility within Embu municipality. There was also a need to popularize waste bulking and improve on ways of compiling waste data which was lacking in their municipal waste management system. The study used a mixed approach design encompassing ground surveys, interviews, questionnaires, data modeling and Analysis. In this case study, Geographic Information System (GIS) was used to evaluate Population, land use and proximity to waste receptacles as impact factors influencing waste management in this town. GIS-based analysis identified Kangaru, Blue valley, Majengo and Itabua Wards as suitable areas for the construction of waste transfer station. The identified regions contained a total area of 0.15km2 of suitable sites from the initial 0.40km2 identified as Preliminary sites. These wards had motor able roads, with agricultural land use and were within the town suburbs. GIS provided appropriate tools for compilation, analysis and management of information related to generation, collection and disposal of Municipal Wastes. The study recommends the adoption of an integrated waste management approach where public views and the use of geospatial tools are incorporated in all aspects of municipal waste management.
Dickson Kinoti Kibetu,
Using GIS to Select Ideal Sites for Municipal Wastes Transfer Station: Case Study of Embu Municipality, International Journal of Science, Technology and Society. Special Issue: Applied Geographic Information Systems.
Vol. 4, No. 2-1,
2016, pp. 1-7.
National Environmental Justice Advisory Council. (2000) A Regulatory Strategy for Siting and Operating Waste Transfer Stations, (EPA500-R-00-001). Washington, DC.
Solid Waste Association of North America. (2000) Certification Course Manual: Managing Transfer Station Systems. SWANA. Washington, DC.
U.S. EPA, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. 1995. Decision-Maker’s Guide to Solid Waste Management, Second Edition (EPA 530-R-95-023). Washington, DC.
Global Waste Management Market Assessment (2007), Key Note Publications Ltd, March 1, 2007, 166 Pages - Pub ID: KEYL1470786
Ramuu, N. & Kennedy, W. (1994) Heuristic algorithm to locate solid waste disposal site. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 120, 14–21.
Vijay, R., Gupta, A., Kalamdhad, A. S. & Devotta, S. (2005) Estimation and allocation of solid waste to bin through geographical information systems. Waste Management & Research, 23, 479–484.
Haastrup, P., Maniezzo, V., Mattarelli, M., Mazzeo Rinaldi, F., Mendes, I. & Paruccini, M. (1998) A decision support system for urban waste management. European Journal of Operational Research, 109, 330–341.
Leao, S., Bishop, I. & Evans, D. (2001) Assessing the demand of solid waste disposal in urban region by urban dynamics modeling in a GIS environment. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 33, 289–313.
Ramasamy, S. M., Kumanan, C. & Palanivel, K. (2002) GIS-based solutions for waste disposals: www.gisdevelopment.net/applications/miscallaneous/ misc030.htm (Oct. 26, 2014)
Al-Jarrah, O. & Abu-Qdais, H. (2006) Municipal solid waste landfill siting using intelligent system. Waste Management, 26, 299–306.
Chang, N. & Wei, Y. L. (2000) Siting recycling drop-off stations in urban area by genetic algorithm-based fuzzy multi objective nonlinear integer programming modeling. Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 14, 133–149.
Tadros, Zain (2009) some aspects of solid waste disposal site selection: the case of Wadi Madoneh, Jordan', International Journal of Environmental Studies, 66: 2, 207-219.