The Impact of Decentralized Fiscal Funds on Primary Schooling in Kenya
International Journal of Elementary Education
Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 24-31
Received: Jun. 27, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 17, 2017; Published: Aug. 11, 2017
Views 512      Downloads 52
Author
Sagire Lucas, School of Economics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Improved standards of living for citizens is what any government strives to achieve. In doing this, governments use different methods. Governments improve welfare of its citizens through provision of public goods or utilities from which citizens derive utility. Many governments have set up various fiscal funds to that end. This study investigated the effect of fiscal funds on social welfare in the Kenyan context. In particular, the study determined the effect of Constituency Development Fund (CDF) on demand for primary schooling, a quasi-public good. A time series from 1970 to 2015 was used. Annual enrollment in class one in public schools was used as the dependent variable while the explanatory variables were; MCg (government expenditure per pupil), CDF which was dummy, parent literacy and Pupil-Teacher ratio. MCg and parent literacy have significant effect on primary schooling.
Keywords
Fiscal Funds, CDF, Public Good, Social Welfare
To cite this article
Sagire Lucas, The Impact of Decentralized Fiscal Funds on Primary Schooling in Kenya, International Journal of Elementary Education. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2017, pp. 24-31. doi: 10.11648/j.ijeedu.20170603.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Abachi, P. T., & Salamatu, I. (2012). An analysis of the effect of fiscal decentralization on economic growth in Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 2 No, 8.
[2]
Ahuja, H. L. (2009). Modern microeconomics: Theory and applications. New Delhi: S. Chand.
[3]
Akai, N., & Sakata, M. (2002). Fiscal decentralization contributes to economic growth: evidence from state-level cross-section data for the United States. Journal of urban economics, 52 (1), 93-108.
[4]
Amagoh, F., & Amin, A. A. (2012). An examination of the impacts of fiscal decentralization on economic growth. International Journal of Business Administration, 3 (6), 72.
[5]
Bagaka, O. (2008). Fiscal decentralization in Kenya: The constituency development fund and the growth of government.
[6]
Bold, T., Kimenyi, M., Mwabu, G., & Sandefur, J. (2011). Why did abolishing fees not increase public school enrollment in Kenya?
[7]
Chaudhary, L., Musacchio, A., Nafziger, S., & Yan, S. (2012). Big BRICs, weak foundations: The beginning of public elementary education in Brazil, Russia, India, and China. Explorations in Economic History, 49 (2), 221-240.
[8]
Davoodi, H., & Zou, H. F. (1998). Fiscal decentralization and economic growth: A cross-country study. Journal of Urban economics, 43 (2), 244-257.
[9]
Ebel, R. D., & Yilmaz, S. (2002). On the measurement and impact of fiscal decentralization (Vol. 2809). World Bank Publications.
[10]
Gakuru, R., & Mathenge, N. (2011). Poverty, growth, and income inequality in Kenya: A SAM perspective. Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis.
[11]
ICPAK. (September 2014). Position paper on the impact of decentralized funds in Kenya. Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Kenya.
[12]
Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, (2010). The 2009 Kenya population and housing census. Nairobi: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics.
[13]
Kenya. (1999). National Poverty Eradication Plan 1999-2015. Nairobi, Government of Kenya.
[14]
Kenya. (2007). Kenya vision 2030. Nairobi, Kenya: Government of Kenya.
[15]
Kenya, & Kenya. (2008). First medium term plan, 2008-2012: Kenya vision 2030: a globally competitive and prosperous Kenya. Nairobi: Office of the Prime Minister, Ministry of State for Planning, National Development, and Vision 2030.
[16]
Kibebe, L. W., & Mwirigi, P. W. (2014). Selected Factors Influencing Effective Implementation of Constituency Development Fund (CDF) Projects in Kimilili Constituency, Bungoma County, Kenya. International Journal of Science and Research, 3 (1), 44-48.
[17]
KIPPRA (2009): Baseline Survey on Decentralized Funds in Kenya, Kenya Institute for Public Policy, Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), Nairobi, Kenya.
[18]
KNBS. (2007). Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey (2005/2006). Nairobi: Government Printer.
[19]
Lin, J. Y., & Liu, Z. (2000). Fiscal decentralization and economic growth in China. Economic development and cultural change, 49 (1), 1-21.
[20]
Morgan, K. (2006). Devolution and development: Territorial justice and the North-South divide. Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 36 (1), 189-206.
[21]
Munga, B., & Wambugu, A. (2009). Growth, Poverty and Inequality in Kenya: Suggested Policy Options. KIPPRA/NESC/UNDP Royal danish Embassy Project.
[22]
Muriu, A. R. (2013). Decentralization, citizen participation and local public service delivery: A study on the nature and influence of citizen participation on decentralized service delivery in Kenya (Master's thesis, Potsdam: Universitätsverlag Potsdam).
[23]
Musgrave, R. A. (1959). Theory of public finance; a study in public economy.
[24]
Mwenda, A. K., & Institute of Economic Affairs (Kenya). (2010). Devolution in Kenya: Prospects, challenges and the future. Nairobi, Kenya: Institute of Economic Affairs.
[25]
Nyangena, W., Misati, G. N., & Naburi, D. N. (2010). How Are Our Monies Spent? The Public Expenditure Review in Eight Constituencies (2005/2006-2008/2009). Nairobi: ActionAid International Kenya.
[26]
Persson, T., & Tabellini, G. (1994). Is inequality harmful for growth? The American Economic Review, 600-621.
[27]
Prud'homme, R. (January 01, 1995). The Dangers of Decentralization. The World Bank Research Observer, 10 (2), 201-220.
[28]
Republic of Kenya (various issues). Economic Survey, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Government printer, Nairobi.
[29]
Republic of Kenya (various issues). Leading Economic Indicators, Kenya National bureau of Statistics. Government printer, Nairobi.
[30]
Republic of Kenya (various issues). Statistical Abstracts, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Government printer, Nairobi.
[31]
Rodden, J. (2002). The dilemma of fiscal federalism: Grants and fiscal performance around the world. American Journal of Political Science, 670-687.
[32]
Rodríguez-Pose, A. N. D. R. É. S., & Krøijer, A. (2009). Fiscal decentralization and economic growth in Central and Eastern Europe. Growth and Change, 40 (3), 387-417.
[33]
Rodríguez-Pose, A., & Ezcurra, R. (2010). Is fiscal decentralization harmful for economic growth? Evidence from the OECD countries. Journal of Economic Geography, 11 (4), 619-643.
[34]
Samuelson, P. A. (1954). The pure theory of public expenditure. The review of economics and statistics, 36 (4), 387-389.
[35]
Tanzi, V. (1995). Fiscal federalism and decentralization: A review of some efficiency and macro-economic aspects, paper prepared for the World Bank’s annual bank conference on development economics. Washington, DC.
[36]
Zhang, T., & Zou, H. F. (1998). Fiscal decentralization, public spending, and economic growth in China. Journal of public economics, 67 (2), 221-240.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931