Teachers-as-Action Researchers in Reflective Teaching Approach: Intervening for Preschool Children’s Social Emotional Competences in Molo Sub-County, Kenya
International Journal of Elementary Education
Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 11-17
Received: Jan. 24, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 17, 2019; Published: Apr. 9, 2019
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Authors
Kingaru Thumbi, Department of Education, Kenya Methodist University, Meru, Kenya
Jane Ciumwari Gatumu, Department of Educational Communication and Technology, Nairobi University, Nairobi, Kenya
Evanson Muriuki Muriithi, Department of Educational Communication and Technology, Nairobi University, Nairobi, Kenya
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Abstract
This study examined teachers-as-action researchers in reflective teaching approach on preschool children’s social emotional competences (SECs) in Molo Sub-County in Kenya from 71 preschool children and 4 teachers. Methodologies used were; quasi-experimental design with pretest postest model, a training module for preschool teachers, Devereux Student Strengths Assessment (DESSA), preschool teachers’ semi-structured interview schedule and documentary analysis for preschool teachers. The study sample was portioned into a treatment class and a control class. Teachers in the treatment class were trained to be classrooms’ action researchers in reflective teaching approach and to deliver explicit lessons that teach preschool children’s SECs while finding occasions for learners to reinforce their use in the course of the day. DESSA pretest and posttest were administered to all children in a span of three months between pretest and posttest. The social emotional composite scores obtained were converted to Standard T-score for data analysis using ANCOVA test. The study found statistically significant difference in the class where teachers were trained compared to the class where they were not. Semi-structured interviews and documentary analysis were also conducted in both classes. From the findings, teachers’ action research in reflective teaching approach could be effective in teaching preschool children’s SECs in the Sub-County. This takes place through growth and development of children’s social emotional cognitive schema and professionally for teachers. The study recommends preschool teachers’ to be trained and quality assured by both the National and County Governments in action research in reflective teaching approach for children’s SECs. This should happen through regular in-service training in teachers’ action research, teachers’ action research workshops and teachers’ action research seminars. Teachers’ action research in reflective teaching approach and children’s SECs scholarly materials should be made available in preschools offices/libraries and resource centers in the Sub-county to enable teachers to have a local resource.
Keywords
Action Research, Teachers-as-action Researchers, Reflective Teaching Approach, Children’s Social Emotional Competences
To cite this article
Kingaru Thumbi, Jane Ciumwari Gatumu, Evanson Muriuki Muriithi, Teachers-as-Action Researchers in Reflective Teaching Approach: Intervening for Preschool Children’s Social Emotional Competences in Molo Sub-County, Kenya, International Journal of Elementary Education. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2019, pp. 11-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ijeedu.20190801.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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