Preschoolers’ Usage of Unstructured Materials as Play Materials Divergently
Education Journal
Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages: 9-14
Received: Dec. 18, 2014; Accepted: Jan. 6, 2015; Published: Jan. 26, 2015
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Author
Elif Celebi Oncu, Kocaeli University, Faculty of Education, Primary Education Department, Division of Preschool Education, Umuttepe, Kocaeli, Turkey
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Abstract
The present study is designed to examine preschool children's (4-5 and 6 years old) attitudes toward unstructured materials and to take their divergent ideas about these materials. Paper napkin, a plastic bottle, bottle lid, toilet paper roll, a piece of white string, a plastic spoon and a 10x10x10 cm³ sized box were used as unstructured materials. 126 children (58 female, 68 male) were selected from four state preschools. For originality scores first an originality index was prepared. Children who gave similar answers scored as 1, children who gave answers that were rarely given by other children, scored 2 and children who gave answers that were not given by others, scored 3. Children's usage of materials and answers were analyzed as originality and fluency by two blind coders. It was found from the study that, most of the children preferred to use materials in usual and ordinary ways, only few children were found to use them creatively as play materials. The results showed that most of the children cannot be able to use the unstructured materials as play materials creatively. Gender difference was found significant in the usage of plastic spoon, box and bottle. Girls tended to use napkin and bottle lid creatively and symbolically as domestic play toy, on the other hand boys had a tendency to use the box and plastic spoon creatively and symbolically. The age factor was also found significant, older children tended to use the materials more creatively than the younger ones.
Keywords
Preschool, Creativity, Divergent Thinking, Unstructured Materials
To cite this article
Elif Celebi Oncu, Preschoolers’ Usage of Unstructured Materials as Play Materials Divergently, Education Journal. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2015, pp. 9-14. doi: 10.11648/j.edu.20150401.13
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