Volume 4, Issue 1-2, February 2015, Pages: 10-15
Received: Jan. 6, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 8, 2015;
Published: Jan. 14, 2015
Views 3067 Downloads 195
Somayyeh Bitaraf, Department of Architecture, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
Reza Naghdbishi, Department of Architecture, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
The subject of the present research is the analysis and evaluation of effects in way of separation, companionship, and bordering the private, semi- private and public areas within the collective settlements with focus on way of creating a livable setting. The field studies signify that the primary principles and fundamentals of architecture and urban setting landscape are employed at low level in most of the collective settlements and townships in Iran and the higher requirements such as sense of place, self-esteem, self-actualization, and or cognitive and aesthetic requirements have been ignored in design of them. The present investigation has proposed the educational strategies and some criteria for design of setting in collective settlements with respect to environmental psychology basic concepts like privacy, personal setting, territory, traffic, and paying attention to individuals’ needs, wishes, and culture to achieve the preparation for more efficient and livable settings and areas. The above-mentioned study has been carried out by means of survey- descriptive research aiming at identifying cause-and-effect relation in order to describe the attributes of statistical population and way of nature under the existing conditions and the relationship between the events at small scale by adaption of cross- sectional and longitudinal techniques. Then, the hypotheses were explored by means of relational- correlation method along with abstract paradigms as environmental data through recognizing the public attitude toward the environmental by non- interventionist approach and the field studies were conducted through qualitative and quantitative methods. Eventually, this trend led to analysis and recording the results and proposing a strategy for conversion of design principles into educational trend of environmental design in this regard.
The Qualitative Approach toward Education of Environmental Design, Education Journal. Special Issue: Interdisciplinary Researches in Environmental Design Education.
Vol. 4, No. 1-2,
2015, pp. 10-15.
S.Haim, “English-Persian dictionary Haim”, 4th edition, Tehran, 2002.
J.Lang, “Creating architectural Theory”, University of Tehran press. 2557, 5th edition.2009
I. Bentley, Alcock, Murrain, M cGlynn and smit.” Responsive Environments, A manual for designers”, 2006
E.Hall,”The hidden dimension”, University of Tehran press. 2355, 6th edition.2005
Saeedi, sheshpari,”Urban reflection on the concept of meeting space. Staying in space”, News magazine Architecture Utopia, no.36, 2011.
K. Lynch, “The Image of the City”,Cambridge Massachussettes, MIT Press 1960.
K.Calman,“Quality of life in cancer patients”,ahypothesis. Journal of Medical Ethics, 10, 1994, 124-128.
C.Ferrance, M.Powers” Quality of life index: development and propertiedAdvnursci1985
M.Testa&D.Simonson.” Assessment ofquality-of-life outcomes” New England Journal of Medicine, 1996, 334, 835-840.
E.Nel,”The effect of preparative Teaching on the emotional attitude of patients undergoing coron, 1993.
S.Behboodian,“ promoting new vitality in public spaces by organizing a human-centered approach”, MSc Thesis, University of Tehran, 2011
M.Moudy”,The Application of color in ergonomics,Tehran,2000
K.Mahmoodi, A.Shakibamanesh,”Principles of color in architecture and urbanism “Tehran, 2005
Gh.HagigatNaiini,”Essay and Its Impact on Urban Painting” Art Quarterly Bulletin”, No 3,2001
N.Toulayi,” New forms of solidarity”, Iran, Amir Kabir Press, 2007
J.Pakzad.” Manual analysis of urban spaces”,ShahidiPress,Third edition.2007
I.Altman,”The environment and social behavior”,second edition,2003
A.Simmel,”Privacy is not an isolated freedom”. New York, Atherton press, 1971
A.de Botton,” Architecture of Happiness”, First Edition,2009
M.R.Haeri, “contemporary house-features and needs”, Abadi Journal Issue 28, 2003
R.Gifford, Psychology residential environments, translating vahidQobadian, Journal of Architecture and Culture, No.2, 3.1999.
S.Bitaraf, Gh.Keramati,”Evaluate the impact of public spaces, residential townships organizational vitality of the resident”, The National Conference on Urban Planning and Architecture in time, International University of Qazvin, Iran, 2014.
A.Westin, Privacy and Freedom; Atheneum, NewYork. 1970.
H. M.Proshansky, W. H., Ittelson, L. G.Rivlin, Environmental psychology: People and their physical settings; Holt, Rinehart & Winston; New York. 1976.