Exploring the Therapeutic Effects of Kapalbhati Pranayama on Metabolic Fitness (MetF) and Bone Integrity (BI)
Science Journal of Education
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages: 37-42
Received: Jan. 31, 2015;
Accepted: Feb. 11, 2015;
Published: Mar. 26, 2015
Views 2789 Downloads 175
Baljinder Singh Bal, Department of Physical Education (T) Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India
Objective: The present study was conducted with the objective to determine the therapeutic effects of Kapalbhati Pranayama on Metabolic Fitness (MetF) and Bone Integrity (BI). Methods: Forty, university level girls between the age group of 19-25 years were selected. The subjects were purposively assigned into two groups: Group-A: Experimental (n1=20); Group-B: Control (n2=20). The subjects from Group-A: Experimental were subjected to a 4-weeks kapalbhati pranayama. Statistical Analysis: Student t test for paired samples was utilized to compare the means of the pre-test and the post-test. Results: Significant differences were found in Maximal Oxygen Consumption (VO2max; t=4.5033*), Blood Pressure (Systolic Blood Pressure; t=6.725*, Diastolic Blood Pressure; t=7.408*) and Blood Sugar (Fasting Blood Sugar; t=8.432*, Post Prandial Blood Sugar; t=4.207*) of university level girls. However, insignificant between-group differences were noted in Blood Lipid (Cholesterol; t=0.319, Triglycerides; t=0.057) and Bone Integrity (t=1.7097) of university level girls. Conclusion: Based on the analysis of the results obtained, we conclude that the experimental group subjected to 4-week training of Kapalbhati Pranayama brought about significant difference in Maximal Oxygen Consumption (VO2max), Blood Pressure and Blood Sugar, whereas insignificant differences were noted in Blood Lipid and Bone Integrity of university level girls.
Baljinder Singh Bal,
Exploring the Therapeutic Effects of Kapalbhati Pranayama on Metabolic Fitness (MetF) and Bone Integrity (BI), Science Journal of Education.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 37-42.
Telles, S., & Desiraju, T. Oxygen consumption during pranayamic type of very slow-rate breathing. Indian J Med Res, 94: 357-63, 1991.
Pal, G., Velkumary, S., Madanmohan. Effect of short-term practice of breathing exercises on autonomic functions in normal human volunteers. Indian J Med Res, 120(2): 115–21, 2004.
Chavhan D. B. The Effect of Anulom-Vilom and Kapalbhati Pranayama on Positive Attitude in School Going Children. Edubeam Multidisciplinary- Online Research Journal, VII, 1: 1-8, 2013.
Chodzinski J. The Effect of Rhythmic Breathing on Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Adults. J of Undergraduate Res, 1(6): 78-98, 2000.
Collins M., & Dunn L. The effects of meditation and visual imagery on an immune system disorder: dermatomyositis. J Altern Complement Med, 11(2): 275-84, 2005.
Takahashi T. Changes in EEG and autonomic nervous activity during meditation and their association with personality traits. Int J Psychophysiol 55(2): 199-207, 2005.
Sri Paramhansa, Y. God Talks with Arjuna. The Bhagavad Gita, Royal Science of God-Realization. The immortal dialogue between soul and spirit. A new translation and commentary, chapter IV verse 29. YSS Publication, 496-507, 2002.
Swami Ramdev. Chapter: Hatha yoga and Satkarma. In: Yoga sadhana and Yog chikitsa rahasya. Divya prakashan. Divya yog mandir (trust). Kanakhal. Haridwar, 114-20, 2004.
Joshi, L.N., Joshi, V.D., & Gokhale, L.V. Effect of short term pranayama on breathing rate and ventilatory functions of lungs. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 36(2): 105-8, 1992.
Bhargava, R., Gogate, M.G., & Mascarenhas, J.F. Autonomic responses to breath holding and its variations following pranayama. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 42: 257-64, 1988.