Perception of University Female Students on Factors Affecting Their Academic Performance and Competency: A Study from Dire Dawa University, Ethiopia
Science Journal of Education
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 211-215
Received: Dec. 20, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 28, 2016; Published: Oct. 3, 2017
Views 1489      Downloads 64
Hailemariam Mamo, Department of Biological Sciences, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Getiye Gosa, Department of Biological Sciences, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Beza Hailu, Department of Biological Sciences, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Although, improvement has been observed in Ethiopia, female students’ academic competency and performance is low compared with male students because of various economical, environmental or socio cultural factors resulting higher attrition rate in their academic success. The study was designed to assess female students’ perception on factors affecting their academic competency and performance. Cross-sectional study and random sampling was applied among Dire Dawa University senior female students. Questionnaire and structured interview were used for data collection. Female students’ perception on various factors was addressed. Most female students agreed that institutional, family and their background, environmental and socio-cultural, behavioral and commitment related factors affect their academic performance and competency. They perceived that lack of self-confidence, stress, lack of preparation, university related factors (lack of proper reading place, lack of proper guidance), and students and teachers characteristics influence their competency and performance. The university management, parents, students themselves and other concerned bodies should work to reduce factors that affect academic performance and competency of female students. Projects should be designed to alleviate the problems so as to make female students competent and successful in their academic life.
Female Students Perception, Academic Performance, Competency
To cite this article
Hailemariam Mamo, Getiye Gosa, Beza Hailu, Perception of University Female Students on Factors Affecting Their Academic Performance and Competency: A Study from Dire Dawa University, Ethiopia, Science Journal of Education. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 211-215. doi: 10.11648/j.sjedu.20170505.15
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
MoE; (2014) A study of Gender Gap Enrollment Retention and Performance in Primary School, Addis Ababa,Ethiopia.
Yeshimebrat Mersha, Alemayehu Bishaw and Firew Tegegne (2013). Factors Affecting Female Students’ Academic Achievement at Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia, Journal of International Cooperation in Education, Vol.15 No. 3pp. 135-148.
Wudie Atnaf Tiruneh and Philipos Petros (2014). Factors affecting female students’ academic performance at higher education: The case of Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia: African Educational Research Journal Vol. 2 (4), pp. 161-166.
M. S. Farooq, A. H. Chaudhry, M. Shafiq, G. Berhanu (2011). Factors Affecting Students’ Quality of Academic Performance: A Case Of Secondary School Level Journal of Quality and Technology Management Volume VII, Issue II, Page 01‐14.
Kyoshaba Martha (2009). Dissertation Submitted too Graduate School in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Master of Arts in EducationalManagement of Makerere University: unpublished.
Mojgan Afshari, Kamariah Abu Bakar, (2009). Wong Su Luan, Bahaman Abu Samah & Foo Say FooiFactors Affecting TeachersUse Of InformationAnd Communication Technology International Journal of Instruction January Vol. 2, No. 1.
M. Mazharul Islam (2014). Factors Influencing the Academic Performance of Undergraduate Students in Sultan Qaboos University in Oman: Journal Of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies (JETERAPS) 5 (4).
Shoukat Ali1, Zubair Haider, Fahad Munir1, Hamid Khan1, Awais Ahmed (2013). Factors Contributing to the Students Academic Performance: A Case Study of Islamia University Sub-Campus American Journal of Educational Research, Vol.1, No. 8, pp 283-289 Available online at
Ewnetu Hailu andFirdisa Jabessa (2010). Teachers’ Perceptions of School Based Continuous Professional Evelopment in Jimma Zone Selected Schools, Ethiop. J. Educ. & Sc. Vol. 5 No 2.
Víctor Manuel, Mendoza-Núñez, María de la, Luz Martínez-Maldonado andElsa Correa-Muñoz (2007). Perceptions on the importance of gerontological education by teachers and students of undergraduate health sciences Published: BMC Medical Education vol.7doi:10.1186/1472-6920-7-1.
Victor Mlambo, (2011), Analysis of Some Factors Affecting Students Academic Performance, in an introductory biochemistry course at the University of the West Indies Caribbean Teaching ScholarVol. 1, No. 2, November 2011, 79–92.
Husain Salilul Akareem and Syed Shahadat Hossain (2016). Determinants of education quality: what makes students’ perception different?, Open Review of Educational Research, 3:1, 52-67, DOI: 10.1080/23265507.2016.1155167.
Mussawy, Sayed Ahmad Javid (2009) Assessment Practices: Student’s and Teachers’ Perceptions of Classroom Assessment Master's Capstone Projects. Paper 9: available on
Jane Onsongo, (2004). Factors Affecting women’s Participation in University Management in Kenya, OSSREA, Ethiopia.
Basque, Josianne & Sylvie Doré. (1998). Le concept d’environnement d’apprentissage informatisé. Journal of Distance Education/Revue de l'enseignement à distance, 13 (1), ISSN 0830-0445.
Tesfaye Wotengo et al (2014). Assessment of Factors Influencing Academic Achievement of Female, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
Marton, F. & Sa¨ Ljo¨, R. (1976). Symposium: learning processes and strategies. On qualitative differences in learning: Outcome as a function of the learner’s conception of the task, British Journal of Educational Psychology, 46, pp. 115–127.
A. Seda Yucel (2007). Factors Affecting Teaching the Concept of Renewable Energy in Technology Assisted Environments and Designing Processes in the Distance Education Model. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, Volume: 8.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931