Restorative Justice: A Model of School Violence Prevention
Science Journal of Education
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 39-45
Received: Feb. 2, 2018; Accepted: Feb. 24, 2018; Published: Mar. 29, 2018
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Authors
Martha Frias-Armenta, Psychology Department, University of Sonora, Hermosillo, Mexico
Juan Carlos Rodríguez-Macías, Institute of Research and Educational Development, University of Baja California, Ensenada, Mexico
Víctor Corral-Verdugo, Psychology Department, University of Sonora, Hermosillo, Mexico
Joaquín Caso-Niebla, Institute of Research and Educational Development, University of Baja California, Ensenada, Mexico
Violeta García-Arizmendi, Institute of Research and Educational Development, University of Baja California, Ensenada, Mexico
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Abstract
Restorative Justice (RJ) represents a holistic and humane alternative to punitive measures traditionally used in schools. The goal of RJ is to bring affected parties together following a conflict in order to identify a shared solution for reparation of damages. RJ has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing recidivism and improving community relations. The objective of the present study was to identify elements of RJ in middle school programs and curricula in Mexico. A documentary study was developed and implemented using a checklist as the primary data-collecting instrument. Results indicate the presence of some RJ principles in the curriculum of middle schools in Mexico. The findings suggest that while the principles of RJ are taught, essential components of RJ and school democratization are lacking, such as active student participation in conflict resolution and rule elaboration and school organization.
Keywords
Restorative Justice, Curriculum, School Violence, Peace
To cite this article
Martha Frias-Armenta, Juan Carlos Rodríguez-Macías, Víctor Corral-Verdugo, Joaquín Caso-Niebla, Violeta García-Arizmendi, Restorative Justice: A Model of School Violence Prevention, Science Journal of Education. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 39-45. doi: 10.11648/j.sjedu.20180601.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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