Family Socioeconomic Status and Deviant Behaviour Among Secondary School Students in Homabay County, Kenya
Science Journal of Education
Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2020, Pages: 14-21
Received: Jan. 13, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 4, 2020; Published: Feb. 25, 2020
Views 248      Downloads 125
Dorothy Anyango Aute, Department of Psychology, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya
Moses Wesang’ula Poipoi, Department of Psychology, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya
Okaya Edward Khasakhala, Department of Psychology, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya
Article Tools
Follow on us
Every society has its norms that govern the behaviour of its members thus any behaviour contrary to the norms of the society is considered deviance. There are a number of factors that are associated with deviance and one of them is poverty. The socioeconomic status of a family affects virtually all the aspects of life in that family including physical, emotional, mental and the parental environment. It further contributes to the behaviour of both the parents and the children in the family. Irrespective of the fact that Homabay County is situated along the lake, majority of the residents languish in abject poverty and consequently there is rampant deviance among the secondary school students in Homabay County. Deviance has devastating effects which include destruction of learning facilities, early pregnancies, arrests and even deaths. The objective of the study was to evaluate the relationship between family socioeconomic status and deviant behaviour among secondary school students inHomabay County. The study adopted Structural Strain Theory by Robert Merton which provided a conceptual link between family socioeconomic status and deviant behaviour. The study adopted a correlational survey design and the target population included form two students from all the secondary schools in Homabay County, heads of guidance and counseling department, Deputy Principals, Principals and selected members of parents association. Out of the population of 20,160 students a representative sample of 512 students was randomly sampled. Principals, Deputies, PA representatives and HODs were purposively sampled. Instruments for data collection included questionnaires administered to measure family socioeconomic status and deviant behaviour, structured and unstructured interview schedules, focus group discussions and analysis of documents from the sampled schools. Instruments were then piloted. The validity of these instruments was ascertained through expert judgment and piloting while the reliability of the instruments was tested using the Split half method and the level of confidence was α ≤ 0.05. Data was analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. The findings revealed significant negative correlation between SES and deviant behaviour (r=-0.644, p<0.05).
Family Socioeconomic Status, Deviant Behaviour, Secondary School Students
To cite this article
Dorothy Anyango Aute, Moses Wesang’ula Poipoi, Okaya Edward Khasakhala, Family Socioeconomic Status and Deviant Behaviour Among Secondary School Students in Homabay County, Kenya, Science Journal of Education. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 14-21. doi: 10.11648/j.sjedu.20200801.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abawi, K. (2013). Data collection instruments (questionnaire and interview). Paper presented at: Geneva Workshop.
Alicea J. D. (2012). Examining Gender and Socioeconomic Status on the Emotional Intelligence of Early Adolescents. PCOM Psychology Dissertations. Paper 211.
Bowen G. (2009). Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method. Qualitative Research Journal. Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 27-40 doi; 10.3316/QRJ0902027
Changalawa, C. N., Ndurumo, M. M., Barasa, L. P., & Poipoi, W. M. (2012). The Relationship between Parenting Styles and Alcohol Abuse among College Students in Kenya. Greener Journal of Educational Research. Vol. 2 (2): 013-020 ISSN 2276-7789.
Chu, Y. W. (2014). The Influence of Socioeconomic Status and Parenting Style on the Academic Achievement in English of Junior High School Students in Taiwan.
Dekeke, G. D., &Sandy, P. T. (2014). Factors Influencing Sexual Risk Behaviors among Senior Secondary School Students (Youths). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. Vol. 4, Issue 8 ISSN 2250-3153.
Dintwa, K. F. (2012). Economic Status, Education and Risky Sexual Behavior for Urban Botswana Women. Journal of International Women’s Studies. 13 (3), 153-170.
Ekpo, T. E. & Ajake, U. E. (2013). Family Socio Economic Status and Delinquency Among Senior Secondary School Students in Calabar South, Cross river state, Nigeria.
Giddens A. & Sutton, W. P. (2017). Essential Concepts in Sociology, Polity Press: Cambridge, pp 223. ISBN 978-0-745-69668-3.
Harrison, M. K. (2013). Community Violence Exposure among Underprivileged 20. Adolescents; What are the Buffering Effects of Family Qualities on Negative Outcomes.
Kasundu, B., Mutiso, M. M., Chebet, S. P., Chesire, M. & Mwirigi, W. P. (2012). Factor Contributing to Drug Abuse among the Youth in Kenya: A Case of Bamburi Location. Elixir International Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 46: 8259-8267.
Kenya County Fact Sheet (2011). Commission on Revenue Allocation.
Kori, M. D. (2015). Predicting Risky Sexual Behavior: Role of Family Context Factors and Socio-economic Status. Theses and Dissertations. Paper 481
Mertens, D. M. (2010). Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative and Mixed Methods. Journal of Mixed Methods Research 4 (1): 3-5.
Merton, K. Robert (1940). Bureaucratic Structure and Personality. Social Forces, vol. 18, Issue 4: 560-568.
Mohsen, M. N., Mehr, A. H. N., & Mohammad, M. R. (2012). Relationship between Socio-economic Status of Family and Adolescents Students Sport Participation. Annals of biological research 3 (8): 4012-4016 (http://scholarsresearchlibraryCom/archive.html
Mwangi, M. W. (2016). Influence of Parents’ Socioeconomic Status on Their Participation in Children’s Preschool Education in Kayole, Nairobi.
Nezhad H. M, Rahmati, M. M., & Nezhad, M. M. (2012). Relationship between Social -Economic status of Family and Adolescents student Sport Participation. Annals of Biology Research, 2012, 3 (8): 4012-4016 ISSN 0976-1233
Ntaganira, J., Hass, J. L., Hosner S., Brown, L. & Mock, B. N. (2012). Sexual Risk Behaviors among Youth Heads of Households in Gikongoro, South Province of Rwanda. BMC Public Health.
Olugbode, A. (2013). Effects of Social Problems on the Academic Performance and Social Adjustments in Shomolu Education District II of Lagos State.
Omboto, J. O., Ondiek, G. O., Odera, O. & Ayugi, M. E. (2013). Factors Influencing Youth Crime and Juvenile Delinquency. International Journal of Research in Social Sciences. Vol. 1 N. 2 ISSN 2307-227.
Omollo, A. E. (2017). Influence of Peer Pressure on Secondary School Students Drop out inRongo Sub County, Migori County, Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice. ISSN 2222-1735 (paper) ISSN 2222-288X (online) Vol. 8, No. 9.
Ooyi, G. (2016). Determinants of Youth Participation in Prevention of HIV and AIDs in Secondary Schools in Suba District Homabay County, Kenya. Research Gate Doi: 10.13140/RG:2.1.3959.1280
Parks, A. B. (2013). The Effects of Family Structure on Family Delinquency. Electronic Theses and Dissertations. paper 2279.
Patrick, M. E., Whiteman, P., Shoeni, R. F. & Schulenberg, J. E. (2012). The Association between Family Socioeconomic Status during Childhood and Parental Education with Smoking Alcohol se and Marijuana Use during Young Adulthood. Jstud Alcohol Drugs 73 (5): 772-82.
Ruqaya I., Ghulam Y. &Asif, Y. (2010). Sociological Study of the Factors Affecting the Aggressive Behaviour among Youth. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences (PJSS). Vol. 30 No. 1: 99-108.
Tadesse, G. B., Mitikie, M., Yemane, B., Amenu, W., & Tesfaye, C. (2016). Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviour among Preparatory School Students in Gurage Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia (A Cross-Sectional School Based Study), Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016: 330-341. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160404.2.
The National Crime Research Centre (2016). Rapid Assessment of Arsons in Secondary Schools in Kenya.
Uyang, F. A., Festus, N. & Bassey, G. E. (2016). Socio Economic Status of Youth an Involvement in Criminal Activities in Calabar Metropolis of Cross River State, Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (Vol. 3 Issue 1: 79-83 ISSN 2349-0381.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186