The Scale Development of New Citizens’ Adaptation to Urban Society in the Process of China’s Urbanization
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014, Pages: 93-99
Received: May 19, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 3, 2014; Published: Jun. 10, 2014
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Authors
Kai Du, School of Culture & Social Development Studies, Southwest University, Chongqing, China
Xiaofu Pan, School of Culture & Social Development Studies, Southwest University, Chongqing, China; Research Center of Psychology and Social Development, Southwest University, Chongqing, China
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Abstract
Urbanization expedites numerous new citizens and a set of effective assessment tools are needed to evaluate their adaptation to urban society. This study attempts to develop a scale in Chinese context. The theoretical framework of scale is constructed through open questionnaire surveys and in-depth interviews, and the items of scale is developed on the basis of theoretical structure. By the exploratory factor analysis of pretesting data, the results show the scale is made up of 43 items, and including five dimensions: work adaptation, environmental adaptation, interpersonal adaptation, values for adaptation and psychological adaptation. Then the five factors mode are verified by confirmatory factor analysis of 580 data testing formally. The results indicate that the scale has a good construct validity and reliability. It can serve as the tool to evaluate new citizens’ adaptation to urban society.
Keywords
Urbanization, New Citizens, Adaptation to Urban Society, Scale Development
To cite this article
Kai Du, Xiaofu Pan, The Scale Development of New Citizens’ Adaptation to Urban Society in the Process of China’s Urbanization, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2014, pp. 93-99. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20140303.12
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