The Aspirations of Japanese Undergraduate Students: Prospective Study on their Effects on Depression and Anxiety and Mediation by Adult Attachment
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 171-178
Received: Oct. 9, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 24, 2014; Published: Nov. 10, 2014
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Authors
Toshinori Kitamura, Kitamura Institute of Mental Health Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
Nobuhiko Kijima, Psychological Laboratory, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan
Mika Suzuki Takeuchi, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Jissen Women’s University, Tokyo, Japan
Atsuko Tomoda, Department of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human and Social Studies, Saitama Institute of Technology, Fukaya, Japan
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Abstract
The present study examined the connections among aspiration, depression, anxiety, attachment and stressful life events in a sample of 405 Japanese undergraduate students. At Time1 (T1), participants’ Dysphoric Mood (depression and anxiety rated by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale: HADS), Adult Attachment (rated by the Relationship Questionnaire) and factor-analysis-derived two dimensions of Aspiration (rated by the Aspiration Index) – Agency and Communality Aspirations – were measured. Three months later (Time2 [T2]), participants completed the HADS again and reported the impact of their most negative life event occurring during the interval between T1 and T2. After controlling for the direct path from T1 to T2 Dysphoric Mood, both T1 Dysphoric Mood and low Communality Aspiration predicted insecure Adult Attachment, which predicted the perception of Agency Stress, which in turn predicted T2 Dysphoric Mood. These findings suggest that adolescents’ Communality Aspiration is important in maintaining secure attachment and indirectly subsequent healthy psychological adjustment.
Keywords
Aspiration, Depression, Anxiety, Stressful Life Events, Adult Attachment
To cite this article
Toshinori Kitamura, Nobuhiko Kijima, Mika Suzuki Takeuchi, Atsuko Tomoda, The Aspirations of Japanese Undergraduate Students: Prospective Study on their Effects on Depression and Anxiety and Mediation by Adult Attachment, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 171-178. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20140305.14
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