Personality as a Predictor of Involvement in Risky Sexual Behaviour: A Study Conducted Among Students in Secondary Schools in Nyakach Sub-county Kisumu County, Kenya
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 162-170
Received: Oct. 17, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 1, 2016; Published: Jan. 12, 2017
Views 2542      Downloads 143
Author
Omanyo Abraham Otieno, Department of Psychology, Maseno University, Kisumu, Kenya
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Risky sexual behaviour is a common habit among young people in the world, but its relation with personality has not been explored exhaustively, especially in Kenya. The purpose of the study was to establish the relationship between personality sub-types and involvement in risky sexual behaviour among secondary school students in Nyakach Sub-county using a Correlational research design. A multistage random sampling was used to determine sample size of 46 schools (88%) and 390 students (22%). Data was collected using Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Risky Sexual Behaviour Questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentages and mean) as well as inferential statistics (Pearson Correlation and multiple regressions). The major findings of the study showed relationship between personality and involvement in risky sexual behaviour (for introversion r=-0.439, extroversion r=0.786, neuroticism r=-0.410 and Psychoticism r=0.025). Multiple regression at R2=0.679 showing that personality subtypes are significant predicators of involvement in risky sexual behaviour at 67.9%. The study recommended that categorizing and profiling the students into their most dominant personality subtypes is one way that can be used to offer strategic counseling so as to handle various students depending on their personality subtypes.
Keywords
Introversion, Extraversion, Neuroticism, Psychoticism, Risky Sexual Behaviour and Strategic Counseling
To cite this article
Omanyo Abraham Otieno, Personality as a Predictor of Involvement in Risky Sexual Behaviour: A Study Conducted Among Students in Secondary Schools in Nyakach Sub-county Kisumu County, Kenya, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 162-170. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20160506.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Annette, A., Petterson, K. O. and Ostergren, P. (2011). Experience of Sexual Coercion and Risky Sexual Behaviour among Ugandan University Students. A Journal on Public Health. 20 (11) 527.
[2]
Annette, A, Elizabeth, C. G. and Ostergren, P. (2012). Youths Sexual Risk Taking Behaviour and Mental Health. A psychological Journal. 19 (2) 208–216.
[3]
Adrienne, T. & Bichsel, J. (2014), Association between selfrated health and personality. US National Library of Medicine, National institutes of Health Ethn Di sAutumn: 24 (4): 418-22.
[4]
Asante, M. et al (2014). Substance use and risky sexual behaviour among street connected Children. Journal of Psychology, 14 (6): 123-144.
[5]
Alvergne, A., Markus, J. and Charlotte, F. (2010). Personality and testosterone in menfrom a high fertility population. Personality and individual difference Journal. 49 (10) 840-844.
[6]
Bareld, D. P. H. and Dijksta, P. (2011). Positive illusions about a partner’s personality and Relationshipquality. Journalofresearchinpersonality, 45 (1) 37-43
[7]
Booysen, F. R. & Summerton, J. (2011). Poverty, Risky Sexual Behavior Vulnerability to HIV infection: Evidence from South Africa. Journal of Health, population and Nutrition: 20 (4): 285-288.
[8]
Brodish, J. et al (2011). Evidence of high risk sexual behaviour among infection drug usersin Kenya. PLACE study. PublicHealth Journal, 8 (9) 112-123.
[9]
Camelia, K. and Joan, Y. C. (2009). Genetic determinants of financial risk taking. PLOSONE. 4 (2): 4362.
[10]
Contessa, J., Suarez, L., Kyriakides, T. and Nadzman, G. (2013). The influence of surgeon personality factors on risk tolerance: A pilot study. Journal of surgical Education. 70 (6) 806-812.
[11]
David, S. (2001). Introversion and extroversion: implications for depression and suicidality. Psychiatry journal. 3 (6): 444-450.
[12]
Denis, M. T. (2011). Weak states and successful elites: extroversion strategies in Africa. SWP Research paper 9. www.swp-berlin.org.
[13]
Deresse, D. and Debebe, S. (2014). Magnitude of risky sexual behaviour among High School Students in Ethiopia. Journal of public Health and epidemiology. 6 (7) 21–215.
[14]
Durvasula, R. and Reagan, P. (2015). Personality and sexual among Gaymen. InChhabra (E. d), Proceeding of international conference on Cognitive and Behavioural Psychology (Pp 124–131) Singapore. Global Science for Technology Forum
[15]
District Health Information Software (2014). www.his.org
[16]
Ertac, S. and Gurdal, M. Y. (2012). Personality, group decision making and leadership. Paper.
[17]
provided by KOC university-TUSIAD. Economicresearchforum. Paper with number 1227.
[18]
Eysenck, H. J. and Sybil, B. G. (1975). Eysenck’spersonalityinventory. Educational and Industrial testing services. San Diego California 92107.
[19]
Gong, E. (2015). HIV Testing and Risky Sexual Behaviour: The Nothing to lose effect. Royal Economic Society: London.
[20]
Gemedu, E. S. and Worku, B. (2014). Risky Sexual Behaviour for STI / HIV infection among Alakan University Student in Ethiopia. SciencePostPrint.11 (85) 8–9.
[21]
Harbaugh, E. R. (2010). The effect of personality styles (level of introversion-Extroversion) on social media use. The Elon Journal of undergraduate Research in communication. 1(2): 70-75.
[22]
Hart, C. (2011). Good side of introverts. Allafrica.com: Kenya: thegoodsideofintrovrts.
[23]
Jeneice, L. S. (2013). perceived susceptibility to negative Consequences of Risky Sexual Behavior Among College Students. ABC Books.
[24]
Kaijaleena, S. (2008). University students attitudes towards HIV/AIDS in Finland and Kenya. Academic dissertation. University of Oulu, Department of Medicine.
[25]
Kelleher, I. et al., (2012). Psychotic symptoms in adolescence index risk for suicidal behaviour. Arch Gen Psychiatry.69 (12):1277-1283.
[26]
Krista, K. J., Jeffrey, H. H., Henry, L. M. and Paul, T. C. (2002). Personality path way to safe Sex: personality, condom use and HIV risk behaviours. Journal of personality. 36 (2):117-133.
[27]
Lahey, B. B. (2010). Public Health Significance of Neuroticism. A psychological Journal(PMC) 64 (4): 241-256.
[28]
Luke, N. (2010). Risky Sex in Urban Kenya: The Bitter of Sugar Daddy Affair. Pop line Journal: 8 (4) 3–4.
[29]
Lubman, A. et al (2010). Sexual risk behaviour in young people with first episode psychosis. Journal of behaviour, 20 (9): 168-212.
[30]
Mulu, W. Mulat, Y. and Bayeh, A. (2014). Sexual Behaviour and Associated factors among Students in Bahir Dar University. Reproductive Health Journal. 11 (84) 1742–4755.
[31]
Merrit, C. J. and Ian, J. T. (2012). Personality, Self Efficacy and Risk Taking in Porkuor. University of Greenwich: Avery Holl Campus, London.
[32]
Momtaz, A. and Mohammed, E. A. (2012). Sexual Risk among Substance Users and its Relation To Personality Profile. A Psychology Journal. 33 (3) 135–141.
[33]
Marina, P. (2013). Associatio between Personality Traits, risk taking on a behavioral Task And risk behavior. Diploma Thesis. Filozo fskifakulfet UZagrebu, Department of Psychology. Japan.
[34]
McGhee, L. R., Ehrler, D. J. & Buckhaltt, J. (2012). TheRelation between five factor Personality.
[35]
Traits and Risk takingbehavior in Preadolescents. Scientific Research PsychologyJournal, 3 (8): 558-561.
[36]
Michael, T. C., Tandarea, C. and Nadine, J. K. (2009). The impact of Psychoticism on Perceived hassles, depression, hostility and hopelessness in non-psychiatric Africans. PsychiatryRes. 159 (1-2): 215-225.
[37]
Mwende, N. (2013). Introversion and dating. Personality journal. 6 (7): 45-67.
[38]
Mwaura, K. (2009). HIV prevention strategies in Kenya. HIV/AIDS Journal.29 (7): 544-568.
[39]
Nidhi, S. and Perna, P. (2010). Relationship between risk taking behaviour, personality and Sensation seeking tendencies among NCC cadets.10sr Journals.20 (5): 75-79.
[40]
Ndetei, D. M. et al (2009) A cross-sectional study of co-occurring suicidal and psychotic Symptoms in inpatients at Mathari psychiatric hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. Prim care companion journal of clinical psychiatry. 11 (3): 110-114.
[41]
Ondrej, K. and Geckova, A. M. (2010). Psychological and behavioural factors associated with Sexual risk behaviour among Slovak students. BMC Public Health Journal. 9 (15); 1471-2458.
[42]
Olalekan, T. K. (2014). Personality, Self Efficacy and Health Anxiety as Predictor of Health Risk Behaviour among Scavengers in Ibadan. Scientific Research Journal 2 (2): 5-14.
[43]
Peterson, A. Geher, G. and Kaufman, S. B. (2011). Predicting preferences for sex act: which Trait matters and why? Evolution Psychology journal, 9, 371–389.
[44]
Rui, M. C., Monica, C. and Rui, F. O. (2015). Does personality moderate the link Between women’s testosterone and relationship status? The role extroversion and sensation seeking. Personality and individual differences Journal. 76 (15) 141-146.
[45]
Roy, A. (2000). Is introversion a risk factor for suicidal behaviour in depression? Psychological medicine. 28 (6): 1457-1461.
[46]
Sarkis, S. (2014). Do extroverts really take more risks? Psychology today. Sussex publishers.
[47]
Schmitt, P. D. and Todd, K. (2008). Big five traits related to short-term mating: from Personality.
[48]
To promiscuity across 46 nations. Evolutionary Journal. 6 (2): 246-266.
[49]
Schmitt, P. D. (2010). The Big five related to risky sexual behaviour across 10 world’s Regions: Differential personality associations of sexual promiscuity and relationship infidelity. European Journal of personality. 189 (1): 301-319.
[50]
Settles, R. E., Fischer, S. and Melissa, A. C. (2012). Negative urgency; a personality predictor of externalizing behaviors characterized by neuroticism, low conscientiousness and disagreeableness. National Institute of Health (NIH) Public Access’s Abnormpsychol.121 (1): 160-172.
[51]
Shakerian, A. and Ali Mohammed, N. (2013). Investigating personality traits and premarital Affair with opposite sex among university students of sanandaj city. Procedia social and behavioral sciences journal 114 (21): 339-345.
[52]
Serdir, T. (2011). TheBig Five Personality Traits and Risky Sport Participation. Ege University. Social Behaviour and Personality Journal. 39 (8) 1105–1112.
[53]
Shuper, P. A, Narges, J. and Rehm, J. (2013). Personality as a Predictor of unprotected Sexual Behaviour among people living with HIV/AIDS. Springer Science Media. New York.
[54]
UNAIDS Report (2008). Report on global AIDS epidemic. www.unaids.org.com
[55]
Unruh, T., Hesher, T. and Hill, T. (2015). The triad and risky behaviour. DSEL Research Group. 26 (20) 778-844.
[56]
Verhulst, B. (2010). The nature of relationship between personality traits and political attitudes. Personality and individual difference. 49 (10) 306-316.
[57]
Watson, A. E. and Pulford, B. D. (2010). Personality differences in high risk sportamateurs and instructors. Perceptual and motor skills. 99 (1) 83-94.
[58]
Zafar, S. and Meenakshi, K. (2012). Relationship between extroversion-introversion and Risk Taking in the context of second language acquisition. International Journal of Research studies in language learning. 1 (1): 33-40.
[59]
Zietsch, B. P. et al. (2010). Generic and Environmental influence on risky sexual behavior and Its Relationship with personality. University of Queensland Behaviorgenetics, 40, 12–21 (IF: 2.8). 2201–2796.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186