Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 59-64
Received: Jun. 2, 2017;
Accepted: Jun. 27, 2017;
Published: Jul. 24, 2017
Views 1160 Downloads 53
Charles Palmer Mautz, Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, USA
Robert Wallace Hill, Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, USA
Timothy J. Hueslman, Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, USA
Doris G. Bazzini, Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, USA
This investigation assessed of the ability of Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST), comprising the Behavioral Activation System (BAS), and Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) to predict perfectionism. A total of 508 community participants were acquired using MTurk and completed measures of personal standards and self-evaluative perfectionism, as well as BIS and BAS. Regression analyses revealed that BAS sensitivity successfully predicted personal standards perfectionism (and to a lesser extent self-evaluative perfectionism), while BIS sensitivity successfully predicted self-evaluative perfectionism (and to a lesser extent personal standards perfectionism). BAS and BIS were robust predictors in their respective regression models, suggesting that these important perfectionism factors are successfully and jointly predicted by the BAS/BIS pre-dispositional motivation constructs.
Charles Palmer Mautz,
Robert Wallace Hill,
Timothy J. Hueslman,
Doris G. Bazzini,
Behavioral Activation and Behavioral Inhibition Predict Perfectionism, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 4,
2017, pp. 59-64.
Bieling, P. J., Summerfeldt, L. J. Israeli, A. L. & Antony, M. M. (2004). Perfectionism as an explanatory construct in comorbidity of axis I disorders. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26(3), 193-201.
Buhrmester, M. D., Kwang, T., & Gosling, S. D. (2011). Amazon’s mechanical Turk: A new source of inexpensive, yet high-quality data? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 3-5. doi: 10.1177/1745691610393980
Carver, C. S., & White, T. L. (1994). Behavioral inhibition, behavioral activation, and affective responses to impending reward and punishment: The BIS/BAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology¸ 67, 319-333. doi: 10.1037/0022-35188.8.131.529
Chang, E. C., Watkins, A., & Banks, K. H. (2004). How Adaptive and Maladaptive Perfectionism Relate to Positive and Negative Psychological Functioning: Testing a Stress-Mediation Model in Black and White Female College Students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51(1), 93-102.
Chang, E. C., Zumberg, K. M., Sanna, L. J., Girz, L. P., Kade, A. M., Shair, S. R., Hermann, N. B., & Srivastava, K. (2007). Relationship between perfectionism and domains of worry in a college student population: Considering the role of BIS/BAS motives. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(4), 925-936.
Corr, P. J. (2001). Testing problems in J. A. Gray’s personality theory: A commentary on Matthews, Gilliland (1999). Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 333–352.
Corr, P. J. (2008). The reinforcement sensitivity theory of personality. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Frost, R. O., Heimberg, R. G., Holt, C. S., Mattia, J. I., & Newbauer, A. L. (1993). A comparison of two measures of perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 14, 119-126. doi: 10.1016/0191-8869(93)90181-2
Frost, R. O., Marten, P., Lahart, C., & Rosenblate, R. (1990). The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 449-468. doi: 10.1007/BF01172967
Gray, J. A. (1970). The psychophysiological basis of introversion-extroversion. Behavior and Research Therapy, 8, 249-266. doi: 10.1016/0005-7967(70)90069-0
Gray, J. A., & McNaughton, N. (2000). The neuropsychology of anxiety: An enquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system (2nd ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Hewitt, P. L., & Flett, G. L. (1991). Perfectionism in the self and social contexts: Conceptualization, assessment and association with psychopathology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 456-470.
Hill, R. W., Huelsman, T. J., Furr, M. R., Kibler, J., Vicente, B. B., & Kennedy, C. (2004). A new measure of perfectionism: The perfectionism inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 82, 80-91. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa8201_13
Hundt, N. E., Kimbrel, N. A., Mitchell, J. T., & Nelson-Gray, R. O. (2008). High BAS, but not low BIS, predicts externalizing symptoms in adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 565-575. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031
Johnson, S. L., & Carver, C. S. (2006). Extreme goal setting and vulnerability to mania among undiagnosed young adults. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 377–395.
Randles, D., Flett, G. L., Nash, K. A., McGregor, I. D., & Hewitt, P. L. (2010). Dimensions of perfectionism, behavioral inhibition, and rumination. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 83-87.
Rasmussen, S. A., Elliott, M. A. & O'Connor, R. C. (2012). Psychological distress and perfectionism in recent suicide attempters: The role of behavioural inhibition and activation. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(6), 680-685.
Smillie LD, Jackson CJ. The appetitive motivation scale and other BAS measures in the prediction of approach and active avoidance. Personality and Individual Differences. 2005; 38(4):981–994.
Stoeber, J., & Corr, P. J. (2015). Perfectionism, personality and affective experiences: New insights from Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 86, 354-359.
Stoeber, J., & Otto, K. (2006). Positive conceptions of perfectionism: Approaches, evidence, challenges. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10, 295-319. doi: 10.1207/s15327957pspr1004_2
Stumpf, H. & Parker, W. D. (2000). A hierarchical structural analysis of perfectionism and its relation to other personality characteristics. Personality and Individual Differences, 28(5), 837-852.
Torrubia, R., Avila, C., Molto, J., & Caseras, X. (2001). The sensitivity to punishment and sensitivity to reward questionnaire (SPSRQ) as a measure of Gray’s anxiety and impulsivity dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences, 31, 837-862. doi: 10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00183-5
Turner, L. A. & Turner, P. E. (2011). The relation of behavioral inhibition and perceived parenting to maladaptive perfectionism in college students. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(6), 840-844.