Individualistic and Collectivistic Values, Age and Length of Residency Among Chinese Australian Immigrants
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 90-95
Received: Jun. 1, 2017;
Accepted: Jun. 23, 2017;
Published: Oct. 18, 2017
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Tan Kan Ku, Department of Nursing & Paramedicine, Victoria Polytechnic, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Michael Ha, Department of Financial Engineering, Sino-US College, Beijing Institute of Technology, Zhuhai, China
It had been documented in the literature that Chinese people endorsed more highly collectivist values when compared with their Western counterparts who endorsed more individualistic values (bi-cultural differences). The aim of the study was to examine if the same pattern existed among three groups of Chinese people (mono culture) in Australia, without comparing them with another ethnic group. A method using a 26-item survey labelled as Cultural Value Scale (CVS) was administered to 138 Chinese Australians. Principal component analyses (with varimax rotation) were used to identify underlying dimensionality in the correlations of items. Scales were constructed from the final solution and Cronbach’s alpha calculated. Subscale score variations were analysed to examine the discriminant validity of the subscales. Our results using Principal Component Analysis revealed four dimensions accounting for 47 percent of the variation within items. Four factors were derived. These were labelled Collectivist Family Conformity (CFC), Collectivist Family Interdependence (CFI), Individualist Self Assertion (ISA) and Individualist Self Opinion (ISO). Developed as subscales, reliability analysis indicated moderately high internal consistency with respective alpha coefficients of 0.77, 0.67, 0.54, and 0.61. We conclude that Chinese Australians endorsed more collectivist values than individualist values, correlated positively with the literature.
Tan Kan Ku,
Individualistic and Collectivistic Values, Age and Length of Residency Among Chinese Australian Immigrants, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 5,
2017, pp. 90-95.
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