Actual Nutrition as a Criterion for Assessing the Children and Adolescents Health in Ukraine
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 110-117
Received: Jun. 21, 2017;
Accepted: Jul. 10, 2017;
Published: Oct. 19, 2017
Views 1259 Downloads 45
Shchudro Svetlana Anatolievna, Hygiene and Ecology Department, Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine, Dnipro City, Ukraine
Protection of children and adolescents health, primarily providing them with food substances and energy is one of the main objectives of the society. Purpose of research is to describe actual state of nutrition at the 15-17 years old children in Ukraine and to estimate it influence on a dynamic of morbidity with the alimentary risk factors. Materials and Methods. Investigation of average daily diets was conducted at the 15–17 years old adolescents in the comprehensive schools of Dnipro city at home and in the school canteens. Assessment of menu-layouts was carried out with using collection of recipes of the dishes and food products. Nutritive value and nutrient composition of diets was estimated with applying tables of chemical composition of foods. Analyze of diets was carried out for regulated norms of physiological needs. Results and Discussion. Dietary intake of adolescents was characterized by inadequate intake of biologically valuable products, disadvantages of a regime and diversity of meals. Energy value of daily food rations at the boys and girls did not correspond to their physiological needs on 16.58 and 14.55%. Energy value of actual food ration at the boys was provided on 13.32 and 55%, among the girls–on 12.31 and 57%, which was covered by consumption of protein, fats and carbohydrates. Diets of the adolescents were characterized by macro- and microelement deficiency: protein deficiency in the diets of boys and girls was on the level 17.81 and 17.72%, carbohydrates–24.64 and 20.57. Adverse ecological factors, disturbance of an environment, a significant educational loading, lifestyle, different from the healthy life standards, unbalance by nutrients and energy value in the actual food of teenagers have a significant impact on increasing of functional disorders of a stomach–in 3.4 times, obesity in 1.2 times, anemia–on 57.6%, diabetes–on 34.7% and diseases of the pancreas–on 59.7%. It had been shown, that for increasing health of a youth in Ukraine should be develop the comprehensive preventive program with improvement quality of nutrition in the schools.
Shchudro Svetlana Anatolievna,
Actual Nutrition as a Criterion for Assessing the Children and Adolescents Health in Ukraine, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 5,
2017, pp. 110-117.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Indicators of population health and use of health care resources in Ukraine. – K.: Ministry of Health in Ukraine, 2009. – 328 p. [Electronic resource]. – Mode of access: [WWW-document]. URL http: // www. ifp. Kiev. ua.
Peresypkina T. V. Dynamics of the health status of adolescents in Ukraine. Journal "Child's Health" 1 (52) 2014. [Electronic resource]. – Mode of access: http://www.mif-ua.com/archive/article/38094.
Kazakevich V. K. New approaches to the assessment of health status of school-age children. Sovremennaya pediatria. 2016. 4 (76):44-46; doi 10.15574/SP.2016.76.44.
Francesco Branca, Ellen Piwoz, Werner Schultink, Lucy Martinez Sullivan. Nutrition and health in women, children, and adolescent girls. BMJ 2015; 351 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h4173 (Published 14 September 2015) Cite this as: BMJ 2015; 351:h4173.
Klimowska L. O. Prevention of violations of microelement homeostasis as a component of health monitoring system of adolescents: convention analysis of the problem (part I). Hygiene of populated areas. 2008. 51: 388-398.
Kulchitskaya W. P., Grigorenko A. A., Camerun I. V. [et al.]. Nutritional status of children at the preschool and school-age and hygienic actions for its improvement. Hygienic science and practice at a turn of the centuries: materials of XIV Congress of hygienists in Ukraine (Dnepropetrovsk, 19-21 May 2004) – P. 366-368.
Kostenko A. M., Morgun A. M., Dyakova T. M. Hygienic assessment of actual nutrition of students at school № 92 in the Hortitsky region of Zaporozhya. Hygienic science and practice at a turn of the centuries: materials of XIV Congress of hygienists in Ukraine (Dnepropetrovsk, 19-21 May 2004) – P. 419-422.
Skaletska N. M. Hygienic evaluation of nutrition of children in primary school. Hygiene of populated areas. 2009. 54: 262-264.
Gulich N. P., Olszewski A. D., Yatchenko A. A. [et al.]. Modern approaches to enrichment by micronutrients food products of mass consumption. Hygiene of populated areas. 2008. 51: 318-322.
Parats A. M. Status and prevention of iodine deficient diseases in children in Zhytomyr region. Hygiene of populated areas. 2008. 52: 403-411.
School food and nutrition policy, monitoring and evaluation in the USA / Hirschman J, Chriqui JF. // Public Health Nutr. 2013 Jun; 16 (6):982-8.
The School Food Environment and Obesity Prevention: Progress Over the Last Decade / Welker E, Lott M, Story M.// Curr Obes Rep. 2016 Jun;5 (2):145-55.
National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: nutrition standards for all foods sold in school as required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Interim final rule. Food and Nutrition Service, USDA / Fed Regist. 2013 Jun 28; 78 (125):39067-120.
Nutrition standards in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs. Final rule. Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), USDA / Fed Regist. 2012 Jan 26; 77 (17):4088-167.
School meals: types of foods offered to and consumed by children at lunch and breakfast / Condon EM, Crepinsek MK, Fox MK. //J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Feb; 109 (2 Suppl):S67-78.
A Systematic Review of Methods to Assess Children's Diets in the School Context / Tugault-Lafleur CN, Black JL, Barr SI.// Adv Nutr. 2017 Jan 17; 8 (1):63-79.
Nutritional quality of the diets of US public school children and the role of the school meal programs / Clark MA, Fox MK // J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Feb; 109 (2 Suppl):S44-56.
Meals offered and served in US public schools: do they meet nutrient standards? / Crepinsek MK, Gordon AR, McKinney PM, Condon EM, Wilson A. // J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Feb; 109 (2 Suppl):S31-43.
Fruits and vegetables displace, but do not decrease, total energy in school lunches / Bontrager Yoder AB, Schoeller DA. // Child Obes. 2014 Aug; 10 (4):357-64.
A comparison of British school meals and packed lunches from 1990 to 2007: meta-analysis by lunch type / Evans CE, Cleghorn CL, Greenwood DC, Cade JE. // Br J Nutr. 2010 Aug; 104 (4):474-87.