Actual Nutrition as a Criterion for Assessing the Children and Adolescents Health in Ukraine
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 110-117
Received: Jun. 21, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 10, 2017; Published: Oct. 19, 2017
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Author
Shchudro Svetlana Anatolievna, Hygiene and Ecology Department, Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine, Dnipro City, Ukraine
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Abstract
Protection of children and adolescents health, primarily providing them with food substances and energy is one of the main objectives of the society. Purpose of research is to describe actual state of nutrition at the 15-17 years old children in Ukraine and to estimate it influence on a dynamic of morbidity with the alimentary risk factors. Materials and Methods. Investigation of average daily diets was conducted at the 15–17 years old adolescents in the comprehensive schools of Dnipro city at home and in the school canteens. Assessment of menu-layouts was carried out with using collection of recipes of the dishes and food products. Nutritive value and nutrient composition of diets was estimated with applying tables of chemical composition of foods. Analyze of diets was carried out for regulated norms of physiological needs. Results and Discussion. Dietary intake of adolescents was characterized by inadequate intake of biologically valuable products, disadvantages of a regime and diversity of meals. Energy value of daily food rations at the boys and girls did not correspond to their physiological needs on 16.58 and 14.55%. Energy value of actual food ration at the boys was provided on 13.32 and 55%, among the girls–on 12.31 and 57%, which was covered by consumption of protein, fats and carbohydrates. Diets of the adolescents were characterized by macro- and microelement deficiency: protein deficiency in the diets of boys and girls was on the level 17.81 and 17.72%, carbohydrates–24.64 and 20.57. Adverse ecological factors, disturbance of an environment, a significant educational loading, lifestyle, different from the healthy life standards, unbalance by nutrients and energy value in the actual food of teenagers have a significant impact on increasing of functional disorders of a stomach–in 3.4 times, obesity in 1.2 times, anemia–on 57.6%, diabetes–on 34.7% and diseases of the pancreas–on 59.7%. It had been shown, that for increasing health of a youth in Ukraine should be develop the comprehensive preventive program with improvement quality of nutrition in the schools.
Keywords
Nutrition, Comprehensive Schools, Children, Feed Rations, Physiology Norms
To cite this article
Shchudro Svetlana Anatolievna, Actual Nutrition as a Criterion for Assessing the Children and Adolescents Health in Ukraine, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 110-117. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20170605.16
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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