Psychosocial Impact Among Sudanese Women with Vesico-Vaginal Fistula
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 122-124
Received: Jan. 1, 2017;
Accepted: Jan. 12, 2017;
Published: Jan. 18, 2018
Views 2313 Downloads 84
Abdelraouf Mursal Saadalla, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
Hyder Osman Mirghani, Medical Department, College of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, KSA
Follow on us
Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is an abnormal fistulous extension between the urinary bladder and The vagina. The objective of this study was to investigate psychosocial impact among Sudanese women suffering from Vesicovaginal fistula. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among one hundred patients with Vesicovaginal fistula admitted at the fistula ward in Khartoum Teaching Hospital during the period from December 2007 to March 2008. The participants were invited to sign a written informed consent, and a pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect the following information: sociodemographic data, the level of education, marital status, socioeconomic status, and the family attitude towards the patients. The Ethical Committee of the Sudan Specialization Board approved the research, and the Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used for the data analysis. A P-value of, < 0.05 was considered significant. The study revealed that more than two third of patients lie in age group (18-23) years. 71% of patients were valid married, 42% of patients were depressed, 26% of patients were either divorced or separated. 61% of patients were illiterate, and 69% were of low socioeconomic status. Family neglect was evident in 6% of patients while criticism was observed in 1%. Women with vesicovaginal fistula were young, of low socio-economic class, and relatively high level of depression, divorce rate, and separation.
Psychosocial, Fistula, Sudan
To cite this article
Abdelraouf Mursal Saadalla,
Hyder Osman Mirghani,
Psychosocial Impact Among Sudanese Women with Vesico-Vaginal Fistula, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 6,
2017, pp. 122-124.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Kabir M, IIiyau Z, Abubakar I, Umar U. Medico-social problems with vesicovaginal fistula in Murtala Mohammed Specialist Hospital, Kano, Annual of African medicine 2004; 2 (2): 54 – 57.
Farid FN, Azhar M, Samnani SS, Saleema, Allana, Naz A, Bohar F, Shamim, Syed S. Psychosocial Experiences of Women with Vesicovaginal Fistula: A Qualitative Approach. Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan 2013, Vol. 23 (11): 828-829.
Khan R, Raza N, Jehanzaib M, Sultana R, 2005, Vesicovaginal fistula: An experience of 30 cases at Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottbad, Pakistan 2005; 17 (3).
Lawson J. B. Urinary tract injuries in obstetrics and gynecology in the tropics and developing countries. Arnold, London, 1988; 481-522.
Karen M. Roush, Social Implications of Obstetric Fistula: An Integrative Review, Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health 2009; 54: 21-33.
Alio AP, Merrell L, Roxburgh K, Clayton HB, Marty PJ, Bomboka L, Traore S, Salihu HM. The psychosocial impact of vesico-vaginal fistula in Niger. Arch Gynecol Obstet (2011) 284: 371–378.
Murk W. Experiences with obstetric fistula in rural Uganda. Yale J Biol Med 2009; 82: 79–82.
Brantley P, Dutton G, Wood K. The Beck Depression Inventory—II (BDI–II) and the Beck Depression Inventory—Primary Care (BDI–PC). In M. E. Maruish (Ed.): The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and assessment outcome 2004; 3rd ed; pp. 313–326.
Lewis G, Bernis L D (2006) Obstetric fistula: guiding principles for clinical management and programme development. World Health Organization integrated management of pregnancy and childbirth, Geneva http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2006/9241593679 Accessed 12 Jan 2010.
Bernard HR. Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches 2000, 2nd Ed edn. Sage Publications, London.
Gharoro EP, Agholor KN. Aspects of psychosocial problems of patients with vesico-vaginal fistula. J ObstetGynaecol 2009; 29 (27): 644-7.
Hassan, M. A., Ekele B. A. Vesico-vaginal fistula: Do the patient know the cause? Annual of Africa Medicine 2009; (8) 2; 122-126.
Nisar N, Yousfani S, Muntaz. F. Profile of women experienced Vesico-vaginal fistula due to obstetric trauma: Results from survey at Gynecological Surgery camp 2005. Pak J Med Sci 2010; (26) 1: 62-65.
Alio AP, Merrel L, Roxybugh K, Clayton HB, Marty PJ, Bomboka L, Trare S, Salihu HM. The psychosocial impact of vesico-vaginal in NigerArch Gynecol Obstet. 2011 Aug; 284 (2): 371-8. doi: 10.1007/s00404-010-1652-5. Epub 2010 Aug 29.