Implementation of Nature Tourism Use Regulations in Order to Development of Tourism Governance in Bunaken National Park
Social Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 42-52
Received: Apr. 14, 2015; Accepted: May 1, 2015; Published: May 13, 2015
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Authors
Heri Santoso, Study Program Management Ecotourism and Environmental Services, Department of Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia
Endang Koestati Sri Harini Muntasib, Study Program Management Ecotourism and Environmental Services, Department of Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia
Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Departement of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia
Rinekso Soekmadi, Study Program Management Ecotourism and Environmental Services, Department of Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia
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Abstract
Utilization of nature tourism in Bunaken National Park (BNP) with some uniqueness in it and has lasted a long time tend to uncontrolled activities because there are provisions of nature tourism use regulationsthat have not been fully implemented. This study aims to evaluate the implementation of nature tourism use regulations within development of tourism governance in BNP. Implementation of nature tourism use regulations by analyzing the contents of the text regulations to see the adequacy of the content, the implementation of the regulations by implementing and target groups, and the mechanism of stakeholder relations in the implementation ofregulations. The research conducted at BNP from July to October 2014. The data was collected through observation, interviews, and literature studies. Data and information were then analyzed using content analysis and qualitative descriptive analysis. The results adequacy of the contents and functions, nature tourism use regulations namely nature tourismconsession and the type and rates of non-tax revenues (use of environmental services nature tourism) met the requirements for regulating and controlling the behavior of stakeholders. But the implementation is not received a positive response from the implementing rules and target group. Mechanism of stakeholder relations in the implementation of nature tourismuse regulations needs to be managed so that it does not lead to a sharper conflict but can create complementary and cooperative relations.
Keywords
Implementation, Regulation, Tourism Governance, Bunaken National Park
To cite this article
Heri Santoso, Endang Koestati Sri Harini Muntasib, Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Rinekso Soekmadi, Implementation of Nature Tourism Use Regulations in Order to Development of Tourism Governance in Bunaken National Park, Social Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 42-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20150403.13
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