Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 70-76
Received: Oct. 25, 2016;
Accepted: Nov. 16, 2016;
Published: Dec. 29, 2016
Views 9120 Downloads 344
Muhammad Rabiul Islam Liton, Department of Economics, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Tahmidul Islam, Department of Economics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh
Subrata Saha, Department of Economics, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Handloom industry in Bangladesh is having glorious past, questionable present and blurry future due to a lot of internal and external factors that are acting behind the scene . Handloom sector in Bangladesh consists of more than 0.183 million handloom units with 0.505 million handlooms and about 1 million handloom weavers of which about 50% are female worker. This ancient and most important cottage industry of Bangladesh is now on the way of extinction because of various problems and barriers adjacent to this industry. This study found that in Bangladesh there are about 183512 handlooms weaving units with about 505556 looms. The total operational looms are 311851, which are 61.7 percent of total looms, and the rest 193705 looms are non-operational. We have found some reasons for shutting down of looms: lack of capital, lack of raw materials, inadequate technology, poor marketing system, inadequate government support etc. So, government should take necessary steps to overcome these challenges for the development of the handloom industry.
Muhammad Rabiul Islam Liton,
Present Scenario and Future Challenges in Handloom Industry in Bangladesh, Social Sciences.
Vol. 5, No. 5,
2016, pp. 70-76.
Ahmad, MU 1999, 'Development of Small-scale industries in Bangladesh in the New Millennium: Challenges and Opportunities', Asian Affairs, vol. 21, no. 1.
Asian Development Bank (ADB) 2002, '“Strategic Issues and potential Response- Small and medium Enterprise Development and export expansion”', Yearly Report, Research, Asian Development Bank, ADB, Dhaka.
Banarjee, S.; Muzib, M. M. and Sharmin, S. 2014, Status of Handloom Workers and Causes of Their Migration: A Study in Handloom Industry of Tangail District, Bangladesh, Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.4, No.22, 2014.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). 2005. Report on Bangladesh Handloom Census 2003. Dhaka: Planning Division, Ministry of Planning.
Bangladesh Export Promotion Bureau (EPB). 2006-07. Bangladesh Export Statistics. Dhaka: Export Promotion Bureau. Online: http://www.epb.gov.bd/index.php?NoParameter&Theme=default&Script=publication, accessed on November 06, 2011.
Bangladesh Handloom Board 2012, 'Profile', Report, Bangladesh Handloom Board Profile, BHB, BHB, Dhaka.
Bhattacharjee, D. and Khaled, M. 1969. Marketing of Small Industries Products in East Pakistan. Dhaka: Bureau of Economic Research, Dhaka University.
BHB 2012, 'Importance of Handlooms in Bangladesh', Article, Bangladesh Handloom Board, Bangladesh Handloom Board, Bangladesh Handloom Board, Dhaka.
Chowdhury, N 1989, 'Bangladesh's Handloom Economy in Transition: A Case of Unequal Growth, Structural Adjustment and Economic Mobility Amid Laissez-Fair Markets: A Synthesis ', Special Issue on The Handloom Economy of Bangladesh in Transition, vol XVII, no. 1 & 2, pp. 1-22.
Ghosh, SK & Akter, MS 2005, 'HANDLOOM INDUSTRY ON THE WAY OF EXTINCTION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OVER THE PRE- DOMINANT FACTORS', BRAC University Journal, vol II, no. 2, pp. 1-12.
Islam, M. K. and Hossain, M. E. 2013, COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF HANDLOOM WEAVING INDUSTRY IN KUMARKHALI UPAZILA OF KUSHTIA DISTRICT, BANGLADESH, Development Compilation, Vol. 09, No. 01, pp 63-72.
Islam, M. K. and Hossain, M. E. 2015. Determinants of Technical Inefficiency of Handloom Weaving Industry in Kushtia District of Bangladesh: A Tobit Model Approach, Journal of Investment and Management, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp 95-99.
Islam and Hossain, 2012, AN ANALYSIS OF PRESENT SCENARIO OF HANDLOOM WEAVING INDUSTRY IN BANGLADESH, Rabindra Journal, Volume 03, Number, 01, September 2012.
Jaforulla, M.1999. Production Technology, Elasticity of Substitution and Technical Efficiency of the Handloom Textile Industry of Bangladesh. Applied Economics, 31(4), 437-442.
Khan, M. A. M, 2013, Role of Handloom Board to Generate Employment in Rural Area: A Study of Enaitpur Thana in Sirajgonj, MAGD, 4th Batch Student ID No: 12172012 Submitted To Institute of Governance Studies BRAC University Dhaka 2 March, 2013).
Latif, Muhammad Abdul. 1997. Handloom Industry of Bangladesh 1947-1990. Dhaka: University Press Ltd.
Hymer, S., and Resnick, S. 1969. A Model of an Agrarian Economy with Non-agricultural Activities. American Economic Review, Vol., 59, No., 4: 4930506.
Khondoker, A. M and Sonobe, T. 2011, Determinants of Small Enterprises' Performance in Developing Countries: A Bangladesh Case, The National Graudate Institute For Policy Studies (GRIPS), Tokyo, Japan, January 2011. Online at https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/44006/ MPRA Paper No. 44006, posted 27 January 2013 00: 27 UTC.
Rahman, M. M.2013, Prospectsof Handloom Industries in Pabna, Bangladesh, Global Journal of Management and Business Research Interdisciplinary Volume 13, Issue 5 Version 1.0, Year2013.
Resnick, S. 1970. “The Decline of Rural Industry under Export Expansion: A Comparison among Burma, Philippines, and Thailand, 1870-1938”. Journal of Economic History, Vol. 30, No. 102: 51073.
Singh, K & Bansal, M 2011, 'A REVIEWOF HANDLOOM EXPORT UNITS IN INDIA', abhinav Journal, vol 1, no. 11, pp. 185-191.
Tanusree, S. 2005. A study of present Situation of the Traditional Handloom Weavers of Varanasi, Utter Pradesh. Indian International Research Journal of Social of Sciences, Vol. 4, no. 3, pp 48-53.
Zohir, I. S. (1996): “An Assessment of Industrial Policy in Bangladesh”: What Policies are We Talking About? February.