Mtwara Gas Project Conflict: Impacts on Local Communties’ Socio-economic Activities (Part 1)
Social Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 63-72
Received: Apr. 5, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 20, 2017; Published: Jun. 3, 2017
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Authors
Mwesiga Thobias, Planner and Natural Resource Management Consultant, Dodoma, Tanzania
Mikova Kseniia, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania
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Abstract
The study investigated the impact of the gas project conflict on local community socio-economic activities in Mtwara Municipality. Natural resources conflict in study area arises mainly due to the disagreement of parties about benefit sharing. The conflict resulted in various negative impacts affecting the local community, including food insecurity, reduction of the economic activities and as result loss of income. Public offices, private agencies, schools, hospitals and other business did not operate because of the unrest and conflict that some business owners were engaged in. Conflicts impacts negatively on community because residents did not perform their income generating activities regularly due to fear of violators and the police/army forces operations. Some residents hid in forests in order to stay alive. All this led to significant income loss and the majority of the respondents perceived that they were not able to attain their basic needs. This implies that the particular conflict had a great impact on the socio-economic activities of community which further affected the normal living standards. Moreover, the gas conflict negatively impacted on women and children as was claimed by all respondents.
Keywords
Natural Resources, Conflict, Socio-economic Activities, Mtwara
To cite this article
Mwesiga Thobias, Mikova Kseniia, Mtwara Gas Project Conflict: Impacts on Local Communties’ Socio-economic Activities (Part 1), Social Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2017, pp. 63-72. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20170603.11
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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