Female Circumcision Between Extinction and Diffusion in Red Sea State, Sudan
Social Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages: 188-192
Received: May 26, 2018; Accepted: Jun. 7, 2018; Published: Aug. 15, 2018
Views 744      Downloads 46
Ahmed Mohamed Bilal, Business Administration and Economic Department, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
I’timad Gaafer Alfadil, Business Administration and Economic Department, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
Abd Elrahman Mustafa Abd Elrahman, Business Administration and Economic Department, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
Article Tools
Follow on us
The Study aims at identifying the quantitative rate of female circumcision in the Red Sea State during June 2016, where the diffusion of such phenomenon expresses the characteristics of the local community. The methodology of the study aimed at recognizing the extent of the diffusion of female circumcision in the ten localities through exploratory survey targeted at the female teachers and the mothers of the girls at the basic level and kindergarten age. The sample of the study consisted of (1060) items taken from (166) kindergarten and (198) basic level schools. The study arrived at main results which are summarized in the extinction of this phenomenon in certain housing units in Portsudan locality (Deim Medina and Darasalam). There are indicators that point to the fact that this phenomenon is dominating rural areas. If we made a comparison between last decade and the existing study, we find that there is remarkable development in the extinction indicator (68-72%). The study presented a number of recommendations; the most important are forming pressing community currencies for the purpose of close surveillance of rural areas, particularly Haya and Dordeib. In conclusion Female genital circumcision is still a serious problem in Red Sea State not only in rural area, but also among people living in urban areas. Elimination of poverty and improvement of education level will contribute to end this harmful phenomenon. Empowerment of people and polices is highly needed and effort should made to end terrible social and cultural norms which indigenize this practice.
Female Circumcision, Phenomenon, Portsudan, Red Sea State
To cite this article
Ahmed Mohamed Bilal, I’timad Gaafer Alfadil, Abd Elrahman Mustafa Abd Elrahman, Female Circumcision Between Extinction and Diffusion in Red Sea State, Sudan, Social Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2018, pp. 188-192. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20180704.15
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
World Health Organization. Female Genital mutilation. Update Feb- 2017. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/.
Sweileh WM. Bibliometric analysis of literature on female genital mutilation: (1930 – 2015). Reprod Health. 2016; 13:130. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-016-0243-8 PMid:27724920 PMCid:PMC5057489.
Kouba LJ, Muasher J. Female Circumcision in Africa: An Overview. African Studies Review. 1985; 28:95-110. https://doi.org/10.2307/524569.
Fran P. Hosken, The Hosken Report: Genital and Sexual Mutilation of Females, Fourth Revised Edition (Women's International Network News: Lexington, MA, 1993): pages 114-115, 192-202, 216-218.
The Reports of the National Council for Child’s Care-_ Ministry of Social Affairs (Mechanism for abandoning female circumcision 2012-2014).
Reports of the Sudanese Society for combating harmful habits, Mother and Child Health in the Red Sea State (1999-2009).
The Child Law Document in the Red Sea State. (2010).
The Constitutional Documents for the legislations and systems in the Sudan and the different states (1989-2005-2008).
The Reports of the Ministry of Health-the Red Sea State-The reproductive Health Administration, Primary Health Care Administration.
The field study survey concerning the specific study (Female Circumcision between Diffusion and Extinction) March 2013.
Gheis, Mohammed Atif- Dictionary of Sociology (The University Knowledge Printing House Suez- 1995).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186